Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Musical & Effects Circuits
Musical & Effects Circuits
60W Guitar Amplifier
Effect of various pulse wave forms for pulse-type magnetic flux pump
The effect of nitrogen oxides in air on the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cell
An experimental study of heater size effect on micro bubble generation
The effect of top and bottom lids on natural convection inside a vertical cylinder
Modelling of Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors oriented to SPICE software for A/D circuit design
Effect of IC layout on the reliability of CMOS amplifiers
MUSICAL TELEPHONE RINGER
The heart of the circuit is IC1, General Instrument`s AY-3-1350 melody-synthesizer IC. IC2 is a TCM1512 telephone ring detector IC that is powered by the telephone line. The circuit`s operation begins when IC2 senses a ring pulse on the telephone line. The detector (internally) rectifies the ring signal and then outputs a voltage to relay RY1 (an
Tremolo Effect Circuit for Electric Guitar or Other Musical Instruments
Tremolo circuit is a kind of sound effect. We can see this type of effect is applied in guitar effect pedals. Tremolo effect is produced if we modulate the amplitude of an audio signal. The shape of modulating signal can vary from square wave, sawtooth, or sine. When we use a square wave, then the effect produce a knocking-like sound which might...
HALL EFFECT SWITCHES
Hall-effect switches have several advantages over mechanical and optically coupled switches. They`re insensitive to environmental light and dirt, they don`t bind, and they don`t sustain mechanical wear. Their major drawback is that they require three wires per device. The circuit shown, however, reduces this wire count to N + 1 wires for N...
Music/Sound Controlled Disco Light
The mains supply can be conveniently reduced with no heat dissipation by the reactance of C1; then rectified by D1 (1N4007) and D2 (1N4007) and clamped to 24V..
Microphone or Electric Guitar Pre-Amplifier with Noise Gate and Compression
In personal electronics and computer audio system, the SSM2167 is a complete and flexible solution for conditioning microphone inputs. It is also very good for..
Fuzz Box Distortion Pedal Guitar Effect
This guitar effect circuit uses a simple high gain amplification, followed by a symmetric clipping using parallel diodes clipper. The gain of the 741 op-amp..
69 SFPR Schematic Telecaster Guitar
I have a 69 Princeton Reverb which is labled as having an AA764 circuit. When perusing various web resources for Fender Amplifier Schematics..
Pro Co Rat Input & Output Buffers Guitar
In some versions you don`t have the input buffer at all, and in some versions the buffer transistors have different biasing or different transistors. Some have even BIG errors. Errorswith the biasing, errors with the transistor symbols. I understand that the devices are symmetrical, and that means it really doesn`t matter which way you connect...
Discrete FET Guitar Preamp
Vacuum Tube Guitar and Bass Amplifier
Describes the history and operation of vacuum tubes as well as how they are used in guitar/bass amplifier circuits. Amplifier electrical and physical layout is then examined. The factors affecting amplifier sound are also described. Included in the appendices is useful data such as: resistor and capacitor codes, vacuum tube electrical data, wire g
Kaoss Guitar Korg Kaoss Pad
This circuit is a modified hartley oscillator with a couple of extra components included. The transformer is a small audio transformer, type LT700. The primary is center tapped with an impedance of 1Kohms at 1KHz. The secondary has an impedance of 8 ohms. The inclusion of R1 and C1 give this oscillator its characteristic "chirp". As the 100u capa
Audio Filters Circuits
Audio Amplifier Circuits
Audio Oscillator Circuits
Audio Mixer Circuits
Audio Equalizer Circuits
Audio Tone Balance Circuits
Beeper Buzzer Circuits
Vacuum-Tube Valves Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial