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8051 / 8052
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Musical & Effects Circuits
Musical & Effects Circuits
The waa-waa effect is achieved as certain frequencies are amplified more than others. A phase shift RC oscillator makes up the basic circuit. Negative feedback is obtained by feeding part of the signal back to the base. When adjusting initially, RV1 is turned to minimum. RV2 is adjusted to a point at which an audible whistle appears indicating...
It seems that guitar fuzz boxes have been around since the beginning of rock, and have seen little improvement over the years. This one is somewhat different because rather than simply distorting the sound, it also pulses in step with the peaks of the waveform from the pickup because of the Schmitt trigger op amp circuit.
Low energy consumption audio signal generator
On those occasions when we want to see if an amp works, the best tool we can use is a source of acoustic signal with a frequency around the 1 kHz. These characteristics can be merely 'tolerated', because in cases of rapid tests rarely consider whether the amplifier is quality. We need only find that it works So, the deformation of the generator...
Linear optocoupler for instrumentation
A dual optocoupler is used in a configuration which has the same current throughout as the LEDs. Assuming similar optocoupler features the output voltage must be equal to the non-inverting input voltage. Since the op amp is within a closed loop the output voltage becomes equal to the input voltage.
The easiest musical voice lights
220V AC by Rl and R2 partial pressure, VD half-wave rectifier, the capacitor C in the left ends of about 3V DC voltage right. Adjustment potentiometer RP, so that the three-pol
Ballroom synchronous voice switching circuit with music
Circuit works: a circuit with condenser microphones to sense sound and converts it into a signal changes, and then
HFC lantern making music controller circuit
220V AC power via VD1 ~ VD4 bridge rectifier and voltage regulator circuit through R1, R2, VD5 cl composition and output
Tone generator circuit
Tone generator circuit Tone generator circuit shown in FIG. Circuit uses a quad 2-input NAND gate integrated circuit CD4011. NAND gate NAND gate 1,2 and 3,4 form two gating multivibrator oscillation
LM386 making music with a voice-activated lights circuit
VD1, VD2, C1 and C2 form a simple half-wave rectifier capacitor step-down voltage regulator circuit, the output of about 12V in straight right current voltage supply manifold LM386 electricity.
KD9562 octave analog sound music circuit
KD9562 music octave circuit is analog sound circuits can be issued rifle sound, space shots, game console sound, dual-tone door so sound, the sound of bomb explosions, machine gunfire and the sound of an ambulance. The main electrical parameters:
Flash music gyro schematic
As shown in the circuit diagram of a flash music gyro, which is composed of three end music integrated circuits ICl UM66T19L a variety of colors and light-emitting diodes LEDl
An electronic music rotating lights circuit
Circle MIC to lift the damper after it is converted into a voltage signal sounds, the op amp A buffer enemy, one road goes to the motor drive circuit for controlling the motor
Voice music outlet circuit diagram SK- made
Circuit As shown, it comprises an acoustic sensor, SK- voice circuit, relay control circuit, vocal music circuit and the AC buck rectifier circuit. BM acoustic/electric transdu
SK-IV with automatic voice-activated lights with music sounding circuit diagram
Circuit as shown, including microphone transducer, voice circuits, SCR control circuit, vocal music buck rectifier circuit and the AC circuit. BH-SK-IV is the core of the devic
Wire color music lantern controller
Circuit wire two-color music lantern controller is shown in Figure 1-44 below. a, b terminals at both ends of the speaker according to the speaker, the speaker from the sound o
Guitar Tone Control
This preamplifier was designed as a stand-alone portable unit, useful to control the signals generated by guitar pick-ups, particularly the contact "bug" types applied to acoustic instruments. Obviously it can be used with any type of instrument and pick-up. It features a -10dB, 0dB and +10dB pre-set input selector to adjust input sensitivity,...
PIC Analogue Synthesizer
A real analog synthesizer to build using easy to get components, capable of a wide range of sounds. The two oscillators can be detuned for that classic synth sound. Dual oscillator mono synth. Really easy to build using just 1 custom programmed PIC chip, 4 ICs and single 12v supply. All circuits built on veroboard - no printed circuit board...
This circuit was designed to obtain a valve-like distorted sound from an electric guitar or other musical instrument. For this purpose a very high gain, three-FET amplifier circuit, was used. The output square wave shows marked rounded corners, typical of valve-circuits when driven into saturation.
WAH & FUZZ Guitar circuits
These two projects , Wah and Fuzz, are the results of a modification to a Morley dual channel volume control pedal that one of my sons suggested I undertake as He had no use for the volume unit but thought I could modify the pedal into a Wah unit. I decided later to add a Fuzz circuit and combine the two into a single switchable unit as...
Guitar Reverb Pedal project
This circuit was inspired by a friend who wanted a reberb for his portable guitar amplifier. I originally tried using NE5532 low noise op-amps for the buffer stages but they were too noisy for the low level circuits so I switched to discrete 2N3904 transistors, they seem to be fairly quiet. This circuit has a nice feature not found in...
Serial MIDI Interface
This page describes how to build this full-bandwidth single-port (one input and one output) MIDI interface. The interface is buffered (that is, if the PC gets behind you won`t lose data) and it works in Windows 3.1 and Windows 95 using a special (and very well-behaved) device driver. A simpler version, using an Atmel AT89C2051 microprocessor, is...
MIDI Drum Machine
Simplified Analog Input Schematic This schematic represents the input circuitry for a single input. This circuit is a track and hold. The idea is that the input waveform may reach a peak at any instant as the drummer strikes the pad. When that occurs, the capacitor is charged to the peak input voltage. There is only one A/D converter...
The aim of this design was to reproduce a Combo amplifier of the type very common in the `sixties and the `seventies of the past century. It is well suited as a guitar amplifier but it will do a good job with any kind of electronic musical instrument or microphone. 5W power output was a common feature of these widespread devices due to the...
Q1 & Q2 provide linear frequency operation of IC1 following P1 resistance variation. Q3 was added in order to obtain a louder click, similar to clockwork metronomes. A 12V micro battery was used to obtain a higher output power and more compactness.
Guitar Reverb Effect
The guitar input stage is a class A amplifier with adjustable bias. A 2N3906 PNP tranistor is used for a low noise design on this stage. The output of the preamp stage is sent to three places: the output mixer amp, the reverb driver amp, and the input clipping detector. The reverb driver amp consists of a phase inverting push-pull circuit made...
Wave Multiplier for music synthesizers
For the primary multiplier, the "folder", connect the input to the triangle wave output of a VCO. Connect a LFO, envelope generator or even a DC voltage to the folds input. The result will be a harmonically rich signal at the "F out" output. A second input based on a lag circuit allows square waves and other hard-edged waveforms to be used as...
Mobile MP3 Player PC
The CPU is an AMD K5 running 75 MHz. Theres 16 meg ram, and the operating system is Linux (Red Hat 5.2). MPG123 handles the MP3 decoding, and I wrote a control program in Perl. I built the remote control in an old Blaupunkt CD-changer remote case which I emptied completely. It now has a backlit 40x2 LCD and a PIC 16F84 microcontroller. It...
Musical touch bell
Here is a musical call bell that can be operated by just bridging the gap between the touchplates with ones fingertips. Thus there is no need for a mechanical on/off switch because the touch-plates act as a switch. Other features include low cost and low power consumption. The bell can work on 1.5V or 3V, using one or two pencil cells,...
Hot Springs Reverb
The Hot Springs tanks and circuit board should be mounted in a location that is free of ambient electro-magnetic fields. The input and output jacks are typically placed on a patch panel with other effect`s inputs and outputs. In use, the effects or aux send buss of the console patches to the Hot Springs input and the output of the Hot Springs...
Voltage Controlled Panner
The control voltage is fed into the first half of a 1458 op-amp, this stage inverts the signal and sets the offset and gain for the right channel gain control circuit. This signal is then fed into the second half of the 1458 op-amp which inverts the voltage again and generates the signal for the left gain control circuit. The 10K trimmer adjusts...
This is my second-generation guitar reverb circuit. The fidelity is much improved over the earlier design, it is suitable for use as a front-end to a guitar amplifier. This circuit features clipping indicators on the preamp and reverb recovery stages, allowing for the optimal gain settings. The guitar input stage is a class A amplifier with...
Guitar Reverb Pedal
This is the second generation of a circuit for a guitar spring reverb pedal, it has dry, wet, and drive controls for a wide variety of sounds. With a decent reverb spring (tank) in overdrive, this circuit will produce an incredibly thick and grungy sound, build one and be the envy of all of your guitar playing friends. This thing is fun to play...
Audio Filters Circuits
Audio Amplifier Circuits
Audio Oscillator Circuits
Audio Mixer Circuits
Audio Equalizer Circuits
Audio Tone Balance Circuits
Beeper Buzzer Circuits
Vacuum-Tube Valves Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial