Vacuum Tubes Valves
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AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
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8051 / 8052
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H Bridge Circuit
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Digital Signal Integrity
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4 Band Resistor
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Direction Finder Circuits
Direction Finder Circuits
Thermally Operated Direction Detector
A heat-sensitive sensor can be used to construct a direction detector. Such a sensor reacts to all an
A four output Hall sensor combined with a few logic gates produce this digital compass. The NOR gates resolve the four Hall
Radio Direction Finder
This RDF circuit consists of a square-wave oscillator (IC1), which switches two antennas alternately at an audio rat
The Talking Compass Circuit
A talking compass is made up using a Hall-effect direction sensor (MODI) and an ISD1016 analog audio storage device. It is possible to program eight two-second announcements, for each of the eight main compass directions. The Talking Compass is comprised of a digital compass (MODI), and ISD1016 analog storage device (U2),
Optical Direction Discriminator Circuit
The very simple circuit uses only two CD4001 packages, i.e., eight NOR gates and operates in the following way: Pulse streams are fed to an RS flip flop generating an output waveform wliich has a small or large duty cycle depending on the direction of rotation, The same input pulses are also fed to a NOR gate, which adds the two pulse trains....
A GPS-Based Frequency Standard
Frequency accuracy has been a topic of special interest to many amateurs and experimenters since the early days of radio. Until recently, the best frequency standard available to most hams was a crystal oscillator carefully adjusted to zero-beat with a station of known frequency, such as WWV.
This GPS receiver is powered by 2 AA batteries. They are only strong enough for the GPS to stay on for about two hours, and this seems like quite a waste. I would like to be able to use a larger battery, and sometimes even an AC adapter.
1.575 GHz GPS WITH µPC8211TK, µPC8215TU, & µPC8226TK
The µPC8211TK, µPC8215TU, and µPC8226TK are silicon germanium (SiGe) microwave monolithic integrated circuits (MMIC) designed as low noise, high-gain amplifiers for GPS and mobile communications. These ICs are manufactured using our 50 GHz fmax UHS2 (Ultra High Speed Process) SiGe bipolar process. The use of these three devices in evaluation...
My GPS LCD Display Project
This is a project that I started back late 2003 when I just starting to learn PIC programming. I wanted to building something that actually did somthing useful. This project is based on a PIC16F84. I actually came up with this idea and then after doing some searching I found that a few people had the same idea. But, I wanted to build my own that...
Diagram description GPS support kit
The GPS interface can be fed in 2 ways: with a stabilized 5V supply or with a 10 to 25V unregulated DC supply. In both cases the power is fed into the RJ45 connector on point 8. Pin 7 is DC ground. The power supply current is first secured with a slow 315mA fuse (in socket). Then there is a Transzorb device to ground. This device is a...
How to Construct a Cable for Garmin GPS receivers
Some Garmin GPS receivers are capable of running off external power ranging up to +32VDC or more, whereas others can only accept a maximum of +8VDC.
Inertial-navigation system uses silicon sensors
A strap-down inertial-navigation system uses silicon sensors to measure displacement without entailing the bulk and expense of moving parts or GPS receivers. For example, a three-axis accelerometer and three angular-rate sensors can determine the position and velocity of a vehicle such as a robot or radio-controlled aircraft.
Low-Power IC Packs GPS Receivers
This highly integrated GPS receiver IC improves upon earlier-generation devices by including more components in a smaller package with a reduction in power consumption.
Electronic LED compass
This is a compass circuit based at AT90S2313. The output drives 8 LEDs to indicate the different horizon directions.
Digital Compass for PC
The digital navigation PC board may be configured for a number of navigation functions, see figure 1. It may be made into a simple visual digital compass, or a microcontroller based compass. The microcontroller based compass can be used for mobile robotics or a PC based compass. The sensor used on the PC Board is the 1490 digital compass...
navigator 555a radio direction finder rdf circuit diagram
sound origin direction finder
A sound origin direction indicator comprising a flat square-shaped form having four sound transducer/amplifier units mounted at its four corners, four rows of solid state lamps radiating from its center to the corners and an electronics system attached to the transducers and lamps to operate the device. It has now been found that, with the proper
Radio Direction Finder
The HANDI-Finder ® is a HANdheld DIrection Finder which can be used to localize both AM and FM carrier-based sources using a single connection to the antenna input of an FM receiver tuned to the frequency of interest in the range of 45 to 450 MHz. It has been designed for bare-bone functionality as well as low power consumption, simplicity, and ec
direction detector decoder
This circuit, which was developed to monitor the traffic of bumblebees in and out of the hive, differentiates a-to-b motion from b-to-b motion. When used with an optical decoder, the circuit distinguishes clockwise from counterclockwise rotation and provides a resolution of one output pulse per quadrature cycle. Q1 and Q2 are mounted so that a mov
Two Homing type Direction-Finding
The antenna is simply a pair of vertical dipoles. The diodes in each dipole allows the circuit to select which antenna is active at any given time. When a positive voltage is sent up the coax feedline, diode D1 will conduct and D2 will block, making the left antenna active and disabling the right antenna. A negative voltage will cause D2 to conduc
Stepper Motor Circuits
Remote Control Circuits
Power Control Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial