Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Direction Finder Circuits
Direction Finder Circuits
Thermally Operated Direction Detector
A heat-sensitive sensor can be used to construct a direction detector. Such a sensor reacts to all an
A four output Hall sensor combined with a few logic gates produce this digital compass. The NOR gates resolve the four Hall
Radio Direction Finder
This RDF circuit consists of a square-wave oscillator (IC1), which switches two antennas alternately at an audio rat
The Talking Compass Circuit
A talking compass is made up using a Hall-effect direction sensor (MODI) and an ISD1016 analog audio storage device. It is possible to program eight two-second announcements, for each of the eight main compass directions. The Talking Compass is comprised of a digital compass (MODI), and ISD1016 analog storage device (U2),
Optical Direction Discriminator Circuit
The very simple circuit uses only two CD4001 packages, i.e., eight NOR gates and operates in the following way: Pulse streams are fed to an RS flip flop generating an output waveform wliich has a small or large duty cycle depending on the direction of rotation, The same input pulses are also fed to a NOR gate, which adds the two pulse trains....
A GPS-Based Frequency Standard
Frequency accuracy has been a topic of special interest to many amateurs and experimenters since the early days of radio. Until recently, the best frequency standard available to most hams was a crystal oscillator carefully adjusted to zero-beat with a station of known frequency, such as WWV.
This GPS receiver is powered by 2 AA batteries. They are only strong enough for the GPS to stay on for about two hours, and this seems like quite a waste. I would like to be able to use a larger battery, and sometimes even an AC adapter.
1.575 GHz GPS WITH µPC8211TK, µPC8215TU, & µPC8226TK
The µPC8211TK, µPC8215TU, and µPC8226TK are silicon germanium (SiGe) microwave monolithic integrated circuits (MMIC) designed as low noise, high-gain amplifiers for GPS and mobile communications. These ICs are manufactured using our 50 GHz fmax UHS2 (Ultra High Speed Process) SiGe bipolar process. The use of these three devices in evaluation...
My GPS LCD Display Project
This is a project that I started back late 2003 when I just starting to learn PIC programming. I wanted to building something that actually did somthing useful. This project is based on a PIC16F84. I actually came up with this idea and then after doing some searching I found that a few people had the same idea. But, I wanted to build my own that...
Diagram description GPS support kit
The GPS interface can be fed in 2 ways: with a stabilized 5V supply or with a 10 to 25V unregulated DC supply. In both cases the power is fed into the RJ45 connector on point 8. Pin 7 is DC ground. The power supply current is first secured with a slow 315mA fuse (in socket). Then there is a Transzorb device to ground. This device is a...
How to Construct a Cable for Garmin GPS receivers
Some Garmin GPS receivers are capable of running off external power ranging up to +32VDC or more, whereas others can only accept a maximum of +8VDC.
Inertial-navigation system uses silicon sensors
A strap-down inertial-navigation system uses silicon sensors to measure displacement without entailing the bulk and expense of moving parts or GPS receivers. For example, a three-axis accelerometer and three angular-rate sensors can determine the position and velocity of a vehicle such as a robot or radio-controlled aircraft.
Low-Power IC Packs GPS Receivers
This highly integrated GPS receiver IC improves upon earlier-generation devices by including more components in a smaller package with a reduction in power consumption.
Electronic LED compass
This is a compass circuit based at AT90S2313. The output drives 8 LEDs to indicate the different horizon directions.
Digital Compass for PC
The digital navigation PC board may be configured for a number of navigation functions, see figure 1. It may be made into a simple visual digital compass, or a microcontroller based compass. The microcontroller based compass can be used for mobile robotics or a PC based compass. The sensor used on the PC Board is the 1490 digital compass...
navigator 555a radio direction finder rdf circuit diagram
sound origin direction finder
A sound origin direction indicator comprising a flat square-shaped form having four sound transducer/amplifier units mounted at its four corners, four rows of solid state lamps radiating from its center to the corners and an electronics system attached to the transducers and lamps to operate the device. It has now been found that, with the proper
Radio Direction Finder
The HANDI-Finder ® is a HANdheld DIrection Finder which can be used to localize both AM and FM carrier-based sources using a single connection to the antenna input of an FM receiver tuned to the frequency of interest in the range of 45 to 450 MHz. It has been designed for bare-bone functionality as well as low power consumption, simplicity, and ec
direction detector decoder
This circuit, which was developed to monitor the traffic of bumblebees in and out of the hive, differentiates a-to-b motion from b-to-b motion. When used with an optical decoder, the circuit distinguishes clockwise from counterclockwise rotation and provides a resolution of one output pulse per quadrature cycle. Q1 and Q2 are mounted so that a mov
Two Homing type Direction-Finding
The antenna is simply a pair of vertical dipoles. The diodes in each dipole allows the circuit to select which antenna is active at any given time. When a positive voltage is sent up the coax feedline, diode D1 will conduct and D2 will block, making the left antenna active and disabling the right antenna. A negative voltage will cause D2 to conduc
Stepper Motor Circuits
Remote Control Circuits
Power Control Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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