DC variable speed motor control

Dc power can also be controlled via fiberoptics. The circuit provides an insulated speed control path for a small dc actuator motor (< Vn hp). Control logic is a self-contained module requiring about 300 mW at 12 V, which can be battery powered. The control module furnishes infrared pulses, at a rate of 160 Hz, with a duty cycle determined by the position of the speed adjust potentiometer. The programmable unijunction multivibrator provides approximately 10 mA pulses to the GFOE1A1 at duty cycles adjustable over a range of 1% to 99%. Hie infrared pulses are detected by the GFOD1A1, amplified by the D39C1 pnp Darlington, and supplied to the power drive switch, which is connected in a Schmitt trigger configuration to supply the motor voltage pulses during the infrared pulses.
DC variable speed motor control - schematic

Thus, the motor's average supply voltage is pulse width modulated to the desired speed, while its current is maintained between pulses by the A115F freewheeling diode. The snubber network connected in parallel with the power switch minimizes peak power dissipation in the output transistor, and enhancing reliability. Larger hp motors can be driven by adding another stage of current gain, while longer fiber range lengths can be obtained with an amplifier transistor driving the GFOE1A1.

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