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Motor Control Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
Universal-motor speed control
Simple half-wave motor speed control is effective for use with small universal (ac/dc) motors. Maximum current capability 2 amps RMS. Because speed-dependent feedback is provided, the control gives excellent torque characteristics to the motor, even at low rotational speeds
Motor speed control
Universal motors and shade d-pole induction motors can be easily controlled with a full-wave Triac speed controller. Q1 combines both the triac and diac trigger diodes in the same case. The motor used for the load must be limited to 6 amperes maximum. Triac Ql must be provided with a heat sink
Model train speed control
Virtually any NPN small signal transistor may be used in place of the BC 108 shown. Likewise any suitable NPN power transistor can be used in place of the 2N3055. The output transistor must be mounted on a suitable heat-sink. Short circuit protection may be provided by wiring a 12 volt 12 watt bulb in series with the output
DC motor speed control
The circuit uses a 4011 CMOS NAND gate, a pair of diodes and an NPN power transistor to provide a variable duty-cycle dc source. Adjusting the speed control varies the average voltage applied to the motor. The peak voltage, however, is not changed. This pulse power is effective at very low speeds, constantly kicking the motor along
Universal motor control
When the time delay expires, SCRl conducts and removes the gate signal from SCR2, which stops the motor. Both the time delay and motor speed are adjustable by potentiometers R2 and R3. If heavier motor loads are anticipated, use the larger C30B SCR in place of the GE-X1 for SCR2
Direction and speed control
This circuit operates like the one shown in Fig, 57-4, The only differences are that the field is placed across the rectified supply and the armature is placed in the SCR bridge. Thus the field current is unidirectionali)ut armature current is reversible; consequently the motor"s direction of rotation is reversible
Universal motor speed control
The resistor capacitor network R1-R2-C1 provides a ramp-type reference voltage superimposed on top of a dc voltage adjustable with the speed-setting potentiometer R2. This reference voltage appearing at the wiper of R2 is balanced against the residual counter emf of the motor through the SCR gate. As the motor slows down due to heavy loading,...
Power tool torque control
As the speed of an electric drill is decreased by loading, its torque also drops. A compensating speed control like this one puts the oomph back into the motor. When the drill slows down, a back voltage developed across the motorâ€”in series with the SCR cathode and gateâ€”decreases. The SCR gate voltage therefore increases relatively as the...
The timed two-voltage circuit can start and run a small de motor or solenoid. The input voltage to the LM317 three-terminal regulator ranges from 5 to 40 V, and the output voltage can range from 2 to 36 V.
The controller circuit can reduce a fan"s noise, power consumption, and wear, particularly in the presence of a low, fluctuating ambient temperature. Mount a temperature sensor in the fan"s airstream, and the circuit will adjust the fan speed as necessary to maintain a relatively constant sensor temperature. Input components Rl and Cl...
This high-performance switching controller for a low-power de servo motor uses a symmetrical complementary- transistor bridge. The bridge acts as a reversing switch between the motor and a single-ended power supply. Since the transistors operate either fully on or completely off, except during a very short transition period, much less heat is...
This electronic motor-speed control circuit is designed to operate in an electrically noisy environment. The circuit includes an optoelectronic pickup device. whichis placed inside the motor housing to provide a speed feedback signal. The circuit automatically maintains the speed of the motor at the commanded value. The pickup device...
This circuit is particularly applicable to digitally-controlled systems in robotic and X-Y positioning applications. By functioning from the 5-V logic supply, it eliminates additional motor-drive supplies. The tachless feedback saves additional space and cost. The circuit senses the motor"s back EMF to determine its speed. The difference...
When the torque load on the motor increases, its current increases. This current increase is sensed across Rs, and positive feedback is applied to the noninverting terminal of the LH0101, thereby increasing the motor voltage to compensate for the increased torque load.
The PWM controller uses complementary half-H peripheral drivers SN75603 and SN75604, with totem-pole outputs rated at 40 V and 2.0 A. These drivers effectively place the motor in a full-bridge configuration, which has the ability to provide bidirectional control. Timer U1 operates in the astable mode at a frequency of 80Hz. The 100-0...
In this proximity detector an NE567 tone decoder provides a signal of about 100 kHz that is fed to one sensor. The senso
This circuit is intended as a revolution control for small dc motors as fitted, for instance, in small electric drills (
Tachometerless Motor Speed Control
This provides bidirectional speed regulation for small motors and requires no tachometer. The voltage th
This circuit monitors the power-line (ac) voltage. When a power failure occurs, on restoration of power, the circuit a
Dc Motor-Speed Control
The system shown consists of the HA-2542, a small 12-Vdc motor, and a position encoder. During operation, the encode
Dc Output Chopper Circuit
Any dc voltage source in the 2- to 15-V range can be chopped into a unipolar square wave that has a peak amplitude nearly equal to the dc source voltage-with circuit (lightly loaded CMOS will swing within a few millivolts of each rail at low frequencies). Depending on the actual voltage of the supply, the programmable-unijunction-transistor...
Speed-Control Switch Circuit Circuit
A center-tapped 240-V transformer is used with two SCR devices to provide rectified ac (pulsating dc) to MOT1.
Speed-Control Switch Circuit
The speed-control switch offers reasonably good control and stability to both ends of its operating range. This circuit uses two SCR devices in a full-wave configuration to control the dc power to a motor.
DC variable speed motor control
Dc power can also be controlled via fiberoptics. The circuit provides an insulated speed control path for a small dc actuator motor (< Vn hp). Control logic is a self-contained module requiring about 300 mW at 12 V, which can be battery powered. The control module furnishes infrared pulses, at a rate of 160 Hz, with a duty cycle determined by...
Plug-in speed control for tools or appliances
Most standard household appliances and portable hand tools can be adapted to variable -speed operation by use of this simple half-wave SCR phase control. It can be used as the speed control unit for the following typical loads pro-videe they use series universal (brush type) motors. During the positive half cycle of the supply voltage, the arm...
Direction and speed control for series-wound motors
The circuit shown here can be used to control the speed and direction of rotation of a series-wound dc motor. Silicon controlled rectifiers Q1-Q4, which are connected in a bridge arrangement, are triggered in diagonal pairs. Which pair is turned on is controlled by switch SI since it connects either coupling transformer T1 or coupling...
This circuit uses a tachometer to generate a feedback signal which is compared to a reference supplied by the auxiliary output. When power is applied, the tachometer output is zero and the regulator output comes on, forcing current into the motor. As motor rotation increases, the negative tachometer output pulls the enable pin toward...
The NE5561 provides pulse-proportional drive and speed control based on de tachometer feedback. This simple switching circuit consists of transistor 2N4920 pnp with a commutation diode used to deliver programmed pulse energy to the motor. A frequency of approximately 20 kHz is used to eliminate audio noise. The de tach delivers 2.7 V/1000...
The figure illustrates a reversible de motor drive application with adjustable speed control. The D inputs for these drivers are complementary and can be tied together and driven from the same logic control for bidirectional motor drive. The enables are tied together and driven by a pulse-width-modulated generator providing on duty cycles of...
Stepper Motor Speed And Direction Controller
This new circuit uses four chips, with an option of using just three (the flip-flops and AND g
Pulse-Width-Modulated Motor-Speed Control Circuit
Connected in this manner, an LM317 1-A adjustable-voltage regulator can be used to control the speed of a miniature dc motor or vary the brilliance of a small lamp. The circuit does so by controlling the pulse width, and therefore the current, to the load device. To set the desired maximum output voltage, momentarily close SI and adjust R3....
Bi-directional motor control
The control of both direction and of proportional motor speed is achieved by rotation of a single potentiometer. The motor driver is an SGS integrated circuit L293 which will drive up to 1 amp in either direction, depending on the logic state of input 1 and input 2 as per table. I/P 1 I/P 2 Function. High Low Motor turns one way. Low High Motor...
Stepper Motor Circuits
Remote Control Circuits
Direction Finder Circuits
Power Control Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity