RC Low-Pass passive Filter

  
What is the purpose of this circuit? Basically it has two roles: to pass the desired low frequency signals and stop the unwanted high frequency signals. Open the netlist file lpfilter1.cir” with your SPICE simulator. Most simulators display the netlist in a text editor window. You can view, modify and save the netlist from this window. Run a simulation. (TopSpice users click the traffic light on the toolbar; PSPICE users click the blue square.) View the transient (time) analysis at the input V(1) and output V(2).
RC Low-Pass passive Filter - schematic

For R1=1k, C1=0.032uF and sinewave generator at 2kHz, you should see the 2 kHz sinewave (desired signal) pass through to the output V(2) except for a slight decrease in signal and slight shift in time. As stated above, the circuit has two roles: to pass the desired low frequency signals and stop the unwanted high frequency signals. But at what frequency does the filter change its behavior from passing the low ones to stopping the high ones. This is called the cut-off frequency. For R1=1k and C1=0.032uF you get fc = 5kHz. Run a simulation. Plot the AC (frequency) sweep results for the output magnitude VM(2) and phase VP(2). What does the magnitude look like before and after 5kHz?



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