8V DC Power Supply With Over Voltage Protection


Posted on Feb 7, 2014

This 8V DC power supply was designed for use with an expensive piece of electronic equipment. It features full over-voltage protection as a precaution against regulator failure, either in the supply itself or inside the equipment it is powering. The circuit uses a conventional full-wave rectifier, followed by a 3-terminal voltage regulator (REG1)


8V DC Power Supply With Over Voltage Protection
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

with appropriate filtering. When power is applied and switch S1 is in the "Run" position, REG1s output is fed to the load via a 500mA fuse and Schottky diode D3. This also lights LED2 (yellow) and LED3 (green), which respectively indicate the presence of the unregulated and regulated voltages. D3 is there to protect the circuit against external voltage sources (eg, charged capacitors). A "crowbar" circuit comprising ZD1 and SCR1 provides the over-voltage protection. It works like this: if a fault develops (eg, REG1 short circuit) which causes the output voltage to rise above 9. 1V, ZD1 turns on and applies a voltage to the gate of SCR1. If the voltage then continues to rise, SCR1 turns on (at about 10V) and "blows" the fuse. Zener diode ZD2 provides emergency over-voltage protection in case the "crowbar" circuit develops a fault. Switch S1 is provided so the operator can occasionally test the "crowbar" function. When S1 is switched to the "Test" posi ­tion, the load is disconnected by S1b and the unregulated supply voltage is applied by S1a to the "crowbar" circuit, thus causing it to trigger. When this happenS, LEDs 2 & 3 (green and yellow) extinguish and LED1 (red) lights to indicate that the SCR has triggered. The SCR turns off again when S1 is switched back to the "Run" position.




Leave Comment

characters left:

Related Circuits

  • New Circuits

    .

     


    Popular Circuits

    Temperature Controlled Relays 4001/4011
    Theremin Circuit
    Toxic gas detector
    Visual-level-indicator
    Mini High-Voltage Generator
    economy radar detector
    Hi-Fi DX Bass circuit
    TPA3112D1 25-W FILTER-FREE MONO CLASS-D AUDIO POWER AMPLIFIER With SPEAKER GUARDß„
    Interface Bluetooth with LPC2148 circuit
    An B3CKS beer can VLF Antenna
    Star-Gate for Hyper-Space Travel



    Top