Car Parking Sensor schematic

  
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This circuit can be used for an assist in parking the car near the garage wall backing up Pls. LED D7 illuminates Pls bumper-wall distance is about 20 cm. , D7 + D6 illuminate at about 10 cm. and D7 + D6 + D5 at about 6 cm. In this manner you are alerted Pls approaching too close to the wall. All distances mentioned before can vary, depending on in
Car Parking Sensor schematic - schematic

fra-red transmitting and receiving LEDs used and are mostly affected by the color of the reflecting surface. Black surfaces lower greatly the device sensitivity. Obviously, you can use this circuit in other applications like liquids level detection, proximity devices etc. The infra-red Photo Diode D2, should be of the type incorporating an optical sunlight filter: these components appear in black plastic cases. Some of them resemble TO92 transistors: in this case, please note that the sensitive surface is the curved, not the flat one. It is wiser to place all the circuitry near the infra-red LEDs in a small box. The 3 signaling LEDs can be placed far from the main box at an height making them well visible by the car driver. The best setup is obtained bringing D2 nearer to D1 (without a reflecting object) until D5 illuminates; then moving it a bit until D5 is clearly off. Usually D1-D2 optimum distance lies in the range 1. 5-3 cm. R1 : 10K R2, R5, R6, R9 : 1K R3 : 33R R4, R11 : 1M R7 : 4K7 R8 : 1K5 R10, R12-R14 : 1K C1, C4 : 1 µF/63V C2 : 47pF C3, C5 : 100 µF D1 : Infra-red LED D2 : Infra-red Photo Diode (see Notes) D3, D4 : 1N4148 D5-7 : LEDs (Any color and size) IC1 : NE555 IC2 : LM324 IC3 : LM7812



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