Classic 8051 Memory Layout

The CODE and CONST memory classes are typically stored in ROM that may be either off-chip or on-chip. The CODE memory class is used for the actual program code while the CONST memory class is used for constant variables declared in code space. In addition, up to 32 code banks may be used for code banking applications. While these are technically l

ocated in code space, they are assigned their own address space. The XDATA memory class is typically stored in RAM that may be off-chip or on-chip (on newer devices). It contains external program data (named because it was off-chip on the original 8051 devices) including variables declared with thexdata and pdata memory types.

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