Optical Trigger Module

  
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This optical trigger is a general purpose module for use with `standard` 3mm package infrared diode emitters and corresponding matched phototransistors. The emitter terminal on the module will source about 27mA to ground with a 1. 2 V drop across the diode. The detector terminal will source a maximum of 3. 4 mA to ground (short circuit). The circuit
Optical Trigger Module - schematic

operates by sensing the voltage difference between the potentiometer (ADJ) level and the detector level. The circuit diagram is. The circuit operates by detecting the voltage at the Detector terminal and comparing it to the preset voltage level. When there is nothing blocking the light path from the emitter to the detector, the phototransistor is conducting and the voltage at the detector terminal is low. In this state the output from the opamp is low. When the light path is blocked by the projectile, the phototransistor conduction decreases and the voltage at the detector terminal increases. This creates a positive difference between the opamp inputs and the output goes high. The ADJ 2. 2K trimmer pot allows some adjustment of the triggering point to accommodate variations in the emitter-detector setup. Power is supplied via a 3mm/1/8" jack socket. The supply is internally regulated at 12V. The LED indicates whether the output is high - a helpful feature if a fault occurs in the optical gate. The component parts and assembled module are shown below.



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