PC/CP120 Digital Logic Design

  
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A Dual Inline Package, or DIP switch can be used to select between 0 and 5 volts at some point in a circuit. Since the dip switch does not have any power or ground connectors this must be done externally. When the switch is turned on (in the `closed` position) it means that the connection between the top and bottom is connected and the input signa
PC/CP120 Digital Logic Design - schematic

l will pass to the other side (output). In our case we want a high (5V) when then switch is turned on, so each input pin we are using must be connected to power. When the switch is off we want a low (0V); but remember when the switch is off it is in a floating state. To resolve our floating pins issue we need to add a resistor to the output pins. Since we are using 8 switches, using 8 individual resistors would be rather tedious, so it is fortunate that we have a device called a resistor array which makes this convenient. The particular resistor array (10x-1-102) which we will use has several resistors in it which all have one end in common. In our circuit we connect the common pin of the resistor array to ground. Light Emitting Diodes, or LED`s for short, emit light when an electric current is passed through them. The amount of current must be limited, however, or the diode will be destroyed. Usually a current of 10 mA is sufficient to light a diode, so if a 5 volt supply is being used, a 500 resistor placed in series with the diode will provide the right current. Note that the diode has one long pin, called the anode, and one short pin, called the cathode. The longer pin is connected to the higher (i. e. , more positive) voltage, and the short pin goes to ground. For this lab we will be using the 7400 Quad NAND gate IC. This chip contains four 2-input NAND gates. The pin numbers associated with each input and output of...



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