Research and Development

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

While the Jacob`s Ladder is simple to construct, the operation is quite interesting. The spark starts at the bottom where the gap between the wires is close and then heat makes the plasma rise and stretch between the electrodes until there is no longer enough current to continue the arc. The maximum width of an arc depends on the current (or the volume of electrons flowing in the electricity).

Research and Development
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The initial break distance is dependent upon the voltage (or the potential energy of the electricity). Once the arc reaches maximum width, it breaks. Then, the whole operation starts over again. The making of Jacob`s Ladder has evolved into a type of underground art form. We have observed Jacob`s Ladders powered by distribution transformers that run at over 50amps at 220VAC which emit strange magnetic fields. In this particular experiment, the metal garage doors would `breath` in and out in synchrony with the arcs of the ladder. The photo below is of a simple Jacob`s Ladder. In particular, this photo used an exposure time delay to show the trail and evolution of the arc itself. You can see the sequence of stable arcs which formed and jumped like quanta in the process of climbing the ladder. In the Jacob`s Ladder shown in the image below, all that can be seen is a single arc as it makes its way upward. To the naked eye, a Jacob`s Ladder appears to be a repeating ball of flame suspended between the two electrodes. The point of the Lightning Dipole Project is to be able to register lightning strikes simply from the difference in capacitance between a dipole and conductors in the wire. Ever time lightning strikes, a powerful EMF gradient is produced that expands outwards from the specific location of the strike. By aligning a simple dipole antenna perpendicular to the field gradient, a spike of HV can be measured. We use...

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