Reset from Multiple Power Supplies

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

Processor based systems usually require a voltage supervisor chip to produce a clean reset pulse to the processor whenever a brown-out` condition of the power supply is detected. More complex designs employing multiple power supplies can be unreliable if some of the supplies are not supervised. The circuit described here monitors all the supply ra

Reset from Multiple Power Supplies
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ils in the system (here +12 V, 12 V and +5 V) and provides a reset pulse to the processor whenever it detects any are not within tolerance. IC1 (TL7705A) generates a processor reset if the 5 V rail falls below 4. 55 V. The value of the capacitor fitted to pin 3 defines the reset pulse width td according to the formula: td = 12. CT 3 103 With CT in µF the value for td is given in µs. A capacitor of 100 nF for example, will produce a reset pulse of around 1. 2 ms. Pin 6 (RESET) outputs an active-high pulse and Pin 5 (RESET) an active-low pulse. The outputs are open collector types so an external pull-down and pull-up resistor (respectively) is required. The RESIN input (Pin 2) of IC1 is driven from two TL7712A supervisors monitoring +12 V (IC2) and 12 V (IC3). The TL7712A generates a reset when the supply voltage falls below a threshold level of 10. 8 V. The open collector output RES (Pin 5) of IC2 is connected to the RESIN pin of IC1 and pulled up to 5 V via a 100 k resistor. The open collector output of IC2 can be directly connected to the reset input of IC1 but the output of IC3 must be connected via a level shifting device before it can be connected to the reset input of IC1 because the voltage level at the output of IC3 goes negative. JFET transistor T1 is used to perform the necessary level shifting. The JFET turns off when the voltage at its gate-source junction is between 2. 5 V and 6 V. When IC3 is issuing a reset...

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