Sensor Circuits

Here is a simple mains power failure alarm/detector circuit that produces an alarm whenever the mains supply fails. Lot of such circuits are available, but the peculiarity of this circuit is that it requires no back up power source like a battery to power the alarm when the mains is absent. When there is mains supply the transistor Q1

(BC558) will be OFF and the capacitor C1 will be charged. When the mains supply fails the transistor Q1 becomes ON and the capacitor C1 discharges through the Q1 to drive the buzzer to produce an alarm. The capacitor C2 is Here is a simple circuit that can be used to switch ON or OFF a device when the dew present in the surrounding atmosphere crosses a set value. The circuit uses a dew sensitive resistive element and a comparator based on LM 358 to perform the above said operation. At normal condition the resistance of dew sensor element will be low and so the voltage drop across it. So the voltage at the non inverting pin of LM358 (IC1) will be less than the voltage at the inverting input of the LM358. So the output of the opamp will Here is a straight forward, yet effective digital temperature controller that can be used with temperature control systems. The circuit uses IC LM 35 (IC3) to as the temperature sensor. The output of LM 35 is given to the IC ADC 0804 (IC4) which converts the analog output of the LM 35 to digital output. The ADC 0804 is a 8 bit ADC. Eight LED`s are connected to the output of ADC to show the output logic. If needed the LED`s can be avoided and the output can be connected to any suitable external circuit like temperature controller etc . Metal Detector Circuit Description This is the circuit diagram of a low cost metal detector using a single transistor circuit and an old pocket radio. This is...

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