Tilt Sensor Alarm Circuit

Posted on Feb 5, 2014

Ultra simple circuit of the tilt sensor alarm presented here can be fabricated using readily available inexpensive components. The circuit is a true transistor based design. Home made Tilt sensor for this circuit is an ordinary little glass/plastic bottle with two metal needles inserted through its cap, and a small quantity of water inside. Usually, transistor T1 is in

Tilt Sensor Alarm Circuit
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inactive state. When the sensor assembly is tilted, both needles inside the sensor (bottle) are short circuited by the water and a positive voltage is available at the base of T1 and it becomes active. Activation of T1 causes the activation of next transistors T2 and T3. After this, T2 supplies constant bias for T1 to make it latched and T3 triggers the SCR(T4) which inturn energises the active piezo-sounder(BZ1). Once activated the circuit can be deactivated by depressing the power/reset switch S1. Preset pot P1 is deliberately added here to adjust the circuit sensitivity. This may become necessary if you are trying a different (readymade) tilt sensor. Similarly, SCR(T4) and piezosounder (BZ1) may be replaced with near equivalent parts. Resistor R3 (100-150 Ohm) is optional. Thanks to Mr. Colin Mitchell for his feedback. My prototype was tested with this home-brewed tilt switch . But it is always better to use a ready-made tilt switch.

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