Troubleshooting a Triac Motor Control Circuit


Posted on Feb 7, 2014

Even thought the power was off there was AC at the handle plug and I shorted something. I pulled it apart and found a transistor blown apart. I figured it would be an easy fix. One month, twenty plus dollars in parts and many changes of components it is still not working correctly. The problem is on the right side, the handle with the solder vacuum pump. When you press the button on the handle the


Troubleshooting a Triac Motor Control Circuit
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pump turns on and runs and when you let the button go, the pump will run for a few seconds, like it should and then there will be a big surge in current and sometimes it will blow the fuse on the Xytronic. This big surge shouldn`t be there. Everything else is working as it should. I looked into this circuit and it is using a zero crossing triac in a six pin DIP. A MOC 3041 this triggers the triac a BTA12 600C. It has a coil, two. 1uf caps or protection devices. A few resistors in this part of the circuit. I check them all out of circuit and they seem to check OK. It is kind of typical of AC triac motor circuit. I tried to upload the schematic but I am having problems with the cookies on this site and it won`t let me do it because it things this is my first question. What looks simple, and just might be has me perplexed. What would cause this big surge of current when the motor stops Thank you, Russ This is the schematic from the motor part of the circuit board. The load goes to a small AC motor 110V. It isn`t 240V, as marked in the picture. it is all 110. I took a schematic I found on the web and changed a few parts in paint shop to get it match what I had. It seems like I see this type of circuit in a number of places. The. 1uF are square plastic film or some kind of protection caps. Thanks again, Russ




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