counter down timer circuit

This circuit is design of the counter timer that using countdown calculation. This circuit is using 555 IC as main control. 555 IC is a counter IC and a transistor switch to activate a relay either ON/OFF (mode selected by a jumper) as soon as the counting period is over. The circuit consists of an oscillator, a ripple counter and two switching tr
counter down timer circuit - schematic

ansistors. This is the figure of the project circuit. The 555 is configured in the standard astable oscillator circuit designed to give a square wave cycle at a period of around 1 cycle/sec. The output pulse from pin 3 of the 555 is fed to the clock input pin 10 of the 14-stage binary ripple counter, the 4020 (or 14020. ) Operation of the circuit is explained in next. In this circuit C3, R4 and D1 are arranged as a power-on reset. When power is applied to the circuit C3 is in a discharged state so pin 11 will be pulled high. C3 will quickly charge via R4 and the level at pin 11 falls thus enabling the counter. The 14020 then counts clock pulses until the selected counter output goes high. D1 provides a discharge path for C3 when the power is disconnected. You can change the components values of R1 and C1 to set the 555 count frequency to more than 1. 0 Hz. If you change the count to 10 seconds then a maximum timer delay of 81920 seconds, or 22. 7 hours, can be obtained. The output from the 4020 goes to a transistor switch arrangement. Two BC547 are connected so that either switching option for the relay is available. A jumper sets the option. The relay can turn ON when power and counting start then turn OFF after the count period, or it can do the opposite. The relay will turn ON after the end of the count period and stay on so long as power is supplied to the circuit. Note that the reset pin of the 555 is connected to the...

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