proximity alarm circuit

Posted on Feb 7, 2014

Inverters U1a and U1b are connected in a simple RC oscillator circuit. The frequency is determined by the values of R1, C1 C2 and the internal characteristics of the integrated circuit. As long as the circuit is oscillating, a positive dc voltage is developed at the output of the voltage-couple circuit: C3, D2 and C4. The dc voltage is applied tothe input of U1c-the third inverter amplifier-keeping its

proximity alarm circuit
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output in a low state, which keeps Q1 turned off so that no sound is produced by BZ1. With C1 and C2 adjusted to the most sensitive point, the pickup plate will detect a hand 3 to 5-inches away and sound an alert. Set C1 and C2 to approximately one-half of their maximum value and apply power to the circuit. The circuit should oscillate and no sound should be heard. Using a non-metallic screwdriver, carefully adjust C1 and C2, one at a time, to a lower value until the circuit just ceases oscillation: Buzzer BZ1 should sound off. Back off either C1 or C2 just a smidgen until the oscillator starts up again-that is the most sensitive setting of the circuit.

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