PC interfaced Security System
Posted on Apr 6, 2012 4848
Under: Computer Interface Circuits
Creating a modular, networked, home control system was greatly simplified by using common 4-wire phone cable with stake-on connectors. The cable feeds both power and network signals to the various modules. Each module is made on a single sided circuit board with RJ-11 connectors (for the network / power) along with other connectors as needed. This eliminates the need for placing power feeds (wall worts) for each of the modules. The entire system runs on one power feed. Since the power feed is at least 12 volts (unregulated), very long cable runs can be used to connect to various modules. Each module has its own 5 volt regulator to run the circuit. It also means that the entire system can be run from a single 12 volt battery if the power is out.
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To use any of the modules in this system, you need to provide these two modules that support the operation of all of the others The HUB provides 4 network feeds. One feed can be used for monitoring the network traffic or manually accessing the modules using the PC interface (below). In an expanded system, those 2,3 or 5 way phone splitters (check your local Dollar Store) can be used as necessary to get the phone cable to any number of modules. The Hub also provides 2 power inputs (diode isolated) for possible battery backup, the master pull-up resistor for the network data line, and fuse protection. Here are the schematic and layout. The PC INTERFACE translates 19.2 K Baud serial signals to and from all of the modules. This is a great tool for debugging the system. The network traffic is all in ASCII and can be viewed with any terminal program. Also, commands can be entered directly into the system to individually check the operation or each module. Here are the schematic, layout, source file and object file. The 4 wires in the phone cable are designated as follows: BLACK power ground RED 12-16 volt unregulated power feed GREEN network ground YELLOW network signal Standard phone cable, connectors, and junction boxes are used where needed. All cable must be 'strait through' with each connector having the colors in the same positions (black,red,green,yellow). Buying the cable...