Voltage to Current Circuits
Voltage to Current Circuits
A simple voltage-to-current converter is shown in the figure. The current out is 0t or Vjn/R. For negative currents, a pnp can be used and, for better accuracy, a Darlington pah-can be substituted for the transistor. With careful design, this circuit can be used to control currents of many amps.
The current out is Iqutâ€”Vin/R. For negative currents, a PNP can be used and, for better accuracy,-a Darlington pair can be substituted for the transistor. With careful design, this circuit can be used to control currents of many amps
This 5-V circuit utilizes a servo-controlled dc/dc converter to generate the compliance voltage necessary for loop-
Power-Saving Intermittent Converter
This circuit switches its dc/dc converter, IC1, off whenever the large filter capacitor, C6, has suffic
classic V/I converter
Figure 1 shows a classic voltage-to-current (V/I) converter. You can select the resistor values such that the output current in the load, RL, varies only with the input voltage, VIN, and is independent of RL. The circuit is widely used in industrial instruments for supplying a 4- to 20-mA signal. The circuit has its limitations, however, because...
The voltage-to-current converter in Figure 1 can both source and sink current. The circuit is more flexible than some traditional current references that require different topologies for current sourcing and sinking. Also, you can easily adjust the value of the current reference by simply adjusting the circuit`s input voltage.
V/I converter accommodates grounded load
The voltage-to-current (V/I) converter in Figure 1 uses three common op amps, two medium-power transistors, and only a few passive components. The first op amp (IC1) inverts the sum of voltages VIN and VOUT to V1=-(VIN+VOUT). The second op amp (IC2) and transistors Q1 and Q2 invert this voltage to produce VIN+VOUT.
Voltage-to-current converter II
The circuit in Figure 1 performs active voltage-to-current conversion or acts as a variable-gain current mirror with high precision and bandwidth. A typical application is testing high-speed ICs or other devices that have inputs designed to be driven from current-steering DACs to enable a modulated voltage source to control the devices. The...
voltage to current convertor
his Circuit converts a voltage control output from a Process Controller to be converted into a Current Control if the AC-Drive or Valve needs a Current Control Signal. This is a three wire voltage to current loop converter. The 1-5 V DC is attenuated and fed to pin 5 LM723 opamp section which tries to maintain the same voltage at pin 10 across the
VOLTAGE TO CURRENT CONVERTER
This voltage to current converter uses three op amps to drive a pair of power transistors. The current output is calculated as: IOUT=Vin/R6 Output resistance is over 50 M?. IOUT can range from 1 mA to the current ratings of T1 and T2..
XTR110 Voltage-Current Converter
As shown in the picture, when the output current exceeds 40mA the internal resistance 50? in the XTR110 (R9) should be replaced by external resistance REXT. REXT is connected between the 13 foot and 16 foot. REXY=R9(original span/required span). For example, the XTR110 in the picture`s original span is 20mA and now the required span is 10A. If...
Zero-voltage zero-current switch three-level DC converter
In order to remove circulating current of zero-voltage switch three-level DC converter in zero state, we come up with kind of zero-voltage zero-current switch three-level DC converter circuit. The circuit is shown in the following diagram 1, the main difference between this circuit and zero-voltage switch three-level DC converter is: add...
Voltage to Pulse Circuits
Current to Voltage Circuits
Frequency to Voltage Circuits
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave Circuits
Voltage to Frequency Circuits
Period to Voltage Circuits
Low Cost Pulse Generator circuit
This pulse generator produces square pulses from 1Hz to 100KHz with adjustable pulse width of nearly 0-100%. The generator is powered with a voltage of 5-15V and is therefore suitable for both TTL and CMOS circuits. If you want to measure the response of an amplifier or give timing pulses to a variable frequency digital circuit or drive a pulse...
Key Code Combination High Security Door Lock
This project is an electronic lock with many combinations that you can easily change and opens only with the correct combination of four consecutive numbers. The big advantage of the electronic lock is that the four numbers must be entered in the correct order one after the other. If a number is wrong then the circuit automatically resets to its...
Induction Balance Gold Metal Detector Circuit
This circuit really is the simplest inducer balancing metal detector (IB, Inductlon Balance) that can be built. The LB metal detection method has a satisfactory depth of penetration and good distinction between iron-based and noble metallic objects. Several metal detectors are available in the market, but their price is often prohibitive for...
Secret High Power Free Energy Circuit (AEC)
This is a Tesla/joule thief hybrid circuit that its inventor claim to produce 90 times the input power! The circuit can be self looped and can provide 1050W of power. from the 1050W only the 11.6W will loop back to supply the joule thief. If you remove the bridge rectifier and the C capacitor you can use the circuit with high frequency AC...
High Power Full Bridge Flyback Driver circuit
You need to find a reliable full bridge driver to drive your flyback transformer? Well, This is your final stop. There are many flyback drivers schematics out there, but most of them will not last for long. It is common known that famous ZVS invented by Vladmiro Mazilli, is the most reliable flyback driver as it uses the resonant zero voltage...
High Precision Digital Pulse Meter Circuit
This small device, intended primarily for modellers, allows an instant reading of the time I of a pulse in ms. It can, for example, measure the position of the servomotors, about 1 to about 2 ms, or make repetitive or non-pulsed measurements, such as closing or opening times of any instrument, parasitic abnormality. The diagram just describes...
Precision Analog VU-meter Circuit
The vu-meter is distinguished in two categories, those with the needle instruments and those with the led column. Whether it is a tube amplifier or integrated amplifier, a vu-meter sound level meter is required. Today there are enough chips that do this work by using led to indicate the sound level. However, the amplifiers with LEDs are a retro...
Sequential Actuator for powering up to four devices
It is common that sometimes we need to power some devices σuccessively one after the other. This function forces us to handle a large number of switches, which are located where the access is difficult, especially in the case of informational devices and their pipelines. This sequential actuator ensures by itself the activation of one to four...
Direct Box (instant music recording instrument for Musicians)
The sound is taken from a musical instrument in two different ways. Through a microphone that is placed in place by the instrument amplifier or via a direct connection between the instrument and the mixing console via a direct-box device. The benefits of direct-box versus microphone is that each microphone added to the scene is an additional...
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