Power-Saving Intermittent Converter
Posted on Mar 1, 2013 3001
This circuit switches its dc/dc converter, IC1, off whenever the large filter capacitor, C6, has suffic
ient charge to power the load. This particular circuit uses a dc/dc converter that produces 115 Vdc from, a 9-Vdc input; you can tailor the circuit to suit other converters. The heart of the circuit is a 555 timer configured as a dual-limit comparator. Thus, the 555 turns the converter on or off, depending on the voltage across C6. The 555"s complementary output lights the charge LED when the FET is on. Initially, the voltage on C6 is zero, and the 555"s output turns on the FET, Ql, in turn, enabling the converter to run, which charges C6. When the voltage on the capacitor reaches the value set by R3, the 555 turns the converter off. Then, C6 slowly discharges into the combined load of the voltage divider (R2, R3, and R4) and the reverse-biased blocking diode, Dl. When the voltage falls below 1/3 Vcc, the 555 restarts the dc/dc converter. If this circuit powers a load that periodically goes into a zero-power, shutdown mode, the 555 switches the dc/dc converter on full time whenever the load kicks in. When the supply voltage falls below 7.5 V, the output of the converter is no longer high enough to charge, the LED doesn"t light. The circuit uses 205 mA when the converter is on and 10 mA when the converter is off. The duty cycle comprises a 5-s on period, a 150-s off period, and it represents a 92% power reduction. You can further reduce power consumption by removing the charge LED and using a CMOS 555 and a CMOS 78L05 regulator.