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The DE2 board is equipped with an Analog Devices ADV7181 TV decoder chip. The ADV7181 is an integrated video decoder that automatically detects and converts a standard analog baseband television signal (NTSC, PAL, and SECAM) into 4:2:2 component video data compatible with 16-bit/8-bit CCIR601/CCIR656. The ADV7181 is compatible with a broad range o
Encoders and decoders
direction detector decoder
This circuit, which was developed to monitor the traffic of bumblebees in and out of the hive, differentiates a-to-b motion from b-to-b motion. When used with an optical decoder, the circuit distinguishes clockwise from counterclockwise rotation and provides a resolution of one output pulse per quadrature cycle. Q1 and Q2 are mounted so that a mov
gated pulse descrambler
This circuit consists of an amplifier and video detector with a second subcarrier detector for synch recovery purposes. A pulse-former circuit modulates the gain of the main channel increasing it during synch intervals.
DTMF decoder using MT8870DE
The phone system use to be operated by human operator in a telephone exchange room. The caller will pick up the phone, giving instruction to the operator to connect their line to the destination over the other end of the telephone. As more and more people find phone technology a useful communication tools, line connection use human operator would
There is also a version without SMD. This version is called 2. 1, slightly larger (80 * 100 mm) and equipped with dual drivers (to 1A load), but runs with the same software. The input voltage of the external power supply is fed to X2 (15V), type of current(AC/DC) or polarity does not matter, therefore a model train transformer, a power adapter or
After some years i started using the NMS8280 again for HAM radio purpose. When sending a signal in the air, radio amateurs should always identify by giving their callsign, this is also the case for sending a video signal. I wrote a program using the WBASS assembler which shows a scrolltext, this can be downloaded here. Unfortunately the incoming
A practical MS Decoder Circuit
The schematic diagram of the MS Decoder may look complicated but is actually quite simple. Both the Mid and Side signals are initially buffered by unity gain inverting buffers formed around IC1b and IC2 b. This is necessary for two reasons, first to ensure enough drive current for the following sections. Second, the final summing sections invert t
CS8416 S/PDIF decoder
DIR9001 SPDIF decoder
PIC12F629 based IR decoder
The IR Widget captures the infrared signals used by remote controls. It is able to determine the carrier frequency and demodulate the carrier in the digital or analog domain. The captured information can be used to reproduce or recognize the signal. The hardware is designed to be as simple and low cost as possible. A PIC12F629 was used for the pro
MP3 IR decoder/Remote Control
The STA013 MP3 Decoder Chip
This page`s mission is to help you understand how to use the STA013 MP3 decoder chip in order to design your own MP3 player. The player design described at the rest of these pages uses the STA013, but this page is intended to help you understand the STA013 itself, to use it in your own MP3 player design project. The STA013 datasheet (and other inf
DTMF Decoder Relay Driver
Following a power interruption, all relays assume their previous state before the power interruption. (relay states and PIN are stored in non-volatile memory) An Motorola MC145436 DTMF decoder is used, this IC is clocked with a common 3. 58Mhz NTSC colour burst crystal and supplies a divide by 8 clock output (about 450 Khz) which is used as the clo
grundig Stereo Decoder circuit
PIC IR Decoders
All PIC IR Decoders share the same, easy to build, hardware. All parts for this hardware are easily obtainable throughout the world. Building it shouldn`t take very much longer than one evening. At the heart of the diagram is the PIC16F84 processor. It is accompanied by its standard components like a 4. 000 MHz crystal and reset circuitry. BTW a PI
HT6337 (electric fan) infrared remote control receiving decoder circuit
The HT6337 is designed as one kind of infrared remote control receiving decoder circuit that can be used in the electric fan application. It uses the 28-pin dual-row DIP package, the matching model is HT12C. The HT6337 is one of the series products. The features of it are as shown in table 2-16-1. The pin-1, pin-7 - pin-12 have the function...
SL517 (electronic toy) audio RF or infrared decoder circuit
The SL517 is designed as the audio, RF or infrared decoder circuit that can be used in the electronic toy application. The internal circuit is composed of the analog amplifier, the frequency divider, the bistable circuit and the driver. Features It uses the CMOS technology.The power voltage range is wide, the value is 2-7.5V.The quiescent...
Split Phase-Data Synchronizer and Decoder
Waveform A is timing diagram that shows A split-phase data signal. It consist of a series of binary digits that occur at a periodic rate. Duration of each bit..
Dual-Tone (Frequency) Decoder (Detector)
The output of this circuit will be activated when a mix of two tone/frequency is detected on the input. The frequency f is determined by the values of R1 and..
Multiplexed BCD Decoder 7 Segments Driver
To save the complexity of driver circuit, a multiplexer icrcuit can be used for the solution. With this multiplexed BCD decoder, we can use only one BCD..
DTMF decoder using MT8870DE
This circuit detects the dial tone from a telephone line and decodes the keypad pressed on the remote telephone. The dial tone we heard when we pick up the phone set is call Dual Tone Multi-Frequency, DTMF in short. The name was given because the tone that we heard over the phone is actually make up of two distinct frequency tone, hence the name d
4 channel SQ logic decoder
CONTROL TONE DECODER
Permits monitoring local VHF FM repeater for calls from friends without having to listen to chatter of others or to repeater noise. Operation is similar to that of Motorola paging units in which special tone is transmitted to disable squelch of receiver being called. Each friend has tone encoder for his transmitter, set at correct frequency for co
MFB BANDPASS FILTER FOR MULTICHANNEL TONE DECODER
TYPICAL NE567 TONE DECODER CIRCUIT
NOAA WEATHER ALERT DECODER
This circuit detects the 1050-Hz tone sent by the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminis-tration) Weather radio stations that operate from 162. 40 to 162. 55 MHz. This tone lasts for several sec-onds. Q1 is an amplifter that feeds tone detector U1, an NE567 detects this tone and produces a low on pin 8. This is coupled to a 555 timer...
NTSC RGB VIDEO DECODER
An NTSC/RGB decoder is shown here. Using a TDA3330, 1-V input video is broken down into its R, G, B components, and composite synch. U1 is an integrated synch separator (LM1881). This circuit should be useful for interfacing RGB monitors to NTSC video systems.
STEREO TV DECODER
A block diagram of the stereo-TV decoder is shown in A. It shows the overall relationships be-tween the separate sections of the circuit; B through E show the details of each subsection. The de-coder section centers around IC1, a standard 4. 5-MHz audio demodulator. The output of IC1 is routed to 51, which allows you to choose between the internall
TV LINE DECODER I
This circuit will produce outputs on TV lines 24 and 257. It was used for a decoder circuit. It uses a CMOS counter and gate logic. Only one pin is used for the output line indicator.
PLL SINGLE TONE DECODER
Can be used for Touch-Tone decoding as well as for telephone-line and wireless control applications using single audio frequency. Operating center frequency depends on H1 and C1. R1 should be between 2K and 20K. C1 in microfarads is computed from f = 1/R1C1, where R is in megohms and f is in hertz. C2 is low-pass filter in range of 1-22 F; the la
MRC DCC Decoder
The AD322 is an 8 amp G-Scale DCC decoder. The notes below may be of benefit to owners who wish to understand or repurpose ("hack") the decoder. It has a rather full set of functions that could easily be repurposed for a number of other projects. One modification that comes to mind is to add two reed switches so that magnets on the track can trigg
Digital to Analog Circuits
Analog to Digital Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial