Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
DIY PMA alternator
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
LTC3205 - Multidisplay LED Controller
The LTC3205 is a highly integrated multidisplay LED controller. The part contains a high efficiency, low noise fractional step-up/step-down charge pump to provide power for both main and sub white LED displays plus an RGB color LED display. The LTC3205 requires only four small ceramic capacitors plus two resistors to form a complete 3-display...
Figure 1 shows a simple, cost-effective way of providing these bias voltages. A step-up regulator, IC1, forms the heart of the circuit. This regulator switches at a constant frequency of 1 MHz and a fixed duty cycle of 70%. IC1 steps up the input voltage to 5V by storing the energy in the inductor when the internal MOSFET, M1, is on and...
Circuit controls brightness of multiple displays
I recently needed to control nine seven-segment displays for a microcontroller`s serial port. The complication I faced was the need to provide a continuous brightness adjustment for all the digitsfrom completely dark to fully bright. I couldn`t easily use the obvious solution of a string of 74HC595 serial-to-parallel converters driving the...
Circuit tests VCOM drivers
Flat-panel LCD monitors offer excellent image quality and more compact form factor than CRTshence, their steadily increasing popularity. Unfortunately, the complexity of their manufacturing process makes LCD monitors considerably more expensive than CRTs. The amplifier that drives VCOM, the voltage on the backplane of the LCD panel, must be able...
LCD Serial Terminal
This project is a self-contained serial terminal using a PIC16F84 microcontroller chip, an inexpensive LCD character display, a keypad, and very little else. It is full-duplex, meaning keypresses cause RS-232 output, and RS-232 input makes characters appear on the LCD. If you connect the RS-232 output to the input you can see the keys as you...
Triple 300MHz Amplifiers Drive Video and LCDs
With the advent of HDTV and DVD video, there is a renewed focus on RGB and color-difference component video to maximize picture quality. LCD displays have also entered the mainstream for high-end and portable computer displays. These applications often require high speed triple amplifiers for routing and conditioning video signals. With...
LED MESSAGE DISPLAY
This LED-based message display is built around readily availble, lowcost components. It is easy to fabricate and makes use of 3mm red LEDs. A total of 172 LEDs have been arranged to display the message HAPPY NEW YEAR 2004.
Interface LCD with ease
The circuit in Figure 1 saves I/O pins. It uses an 8051 µC, and only four I/O pins (P1.0 to P1.3) drive the LCD, instead of the 11 pins other displays require. Data transfers in a serial mode through the P1.0 port of the µC. The µC interfaces to Pin 2 of IC1, a 74HCT4094 8-bit shift register. Serial data advances on every clock pulse and...
Backlight Inverter for Desktop LCD Displays
Large LCD (liquid crystal display) displays designed to replace CRTs (cathode ray tubes) in desktop computer applications are becoming available. The LCDs reduced size and power requirements allow much smaller product size, a highly desirable feature.
This is the construction guide for the 5301 wideband fuel mixture display kit. The 5301 is the Tech Edge version (rather than the Jaycar version) of the modified Silicon Chip FMD design, and it features, compared to the original kit, double sided PCBs a new front panel design, in-built RS232 output and superbright GaAlAs 7 segment LEDs The 5301...
Circuit provides effective LCD drive
The circuit in Figure 1 is an effective driver for LCDs. The circuit comprises two main sectionsthe ICM7211 drivers (IC2 and IC3) and the YN06 display itself (IC1). The Intersil (www.intersil.com) ICM7211 is a 4-bit LCD driver that needs no external components. It contains three basic sections: a reference signal-generator circuit, an input and...
PC 7-Segment Display
The circuit given here can be used for interfacing with any type of PCs printer port. The 25-pin parallel port connector at the back of a PC is a combination of three ports. The address varies from 378H-37AH. The 7 lines of port 378H (pins 2 through 8) are used in this circuit to output the code for segment display through IC1. The remaining one...
The heart of the circuit is the tone (pitch) display section, based on the popular LM3914 display driver. This device drives ten LEDs in a linear display, with programmable endpoints and the choice of "dot" or "bar" modes of operation. Furthermore, it is possible to "chain" multiple devices for displays of virtually unlimited size.
Seven-segment LCD uses two-wire interface
You can connect seven-segment LCDs using only a two-wire interface (Figure 1). The two-wire interface may be at the field-effect, direct-drive LCD or at a serial interface (such as I2C) that uses an eight-pin microcontroller. The design in Figure 1 uses an Atmel (www.atmel.com) ATtiny12 microcontroller, IC1. VCC can range from 2.7 to 5.5V.
Display Controller for VGA 640x480 60Hz
The given circuit, when connected in parallel to a telephone, displays the number dialled from the telephone set using the DTMF mode. This circuit can also show the number dialled from the phone of the called party. This is particularly helpful for receiving any number over the phone lines.
Efficient LCD Illumination
A practical 92% efficient LCD backlight design is a classic study of compromise in a transduced electronic system. Every aspect of the design is interrelated, and the physical embodiment is an integral part of the electrical circuit. The choice and location of the lamp, wires, display housing and other items has a major effect on electrical...
The circuit described here uses lowcost and easily available IC CD4017 to produce a speller type light display. In such displays, each letter of the sign sequentially lights up, one after the other, until all letters are glowing. After a few seconds, the letters switch off and the cycle repeats. This circuit provides a maximum of nine...
SONG NUMBER DISPLAY
Heres a circuit to display the song number in an audio system for quick reference to songs. It also serves the purpose of an extra visual indicator in modern audio systems.
LCD Backlight Controller
The circuit in Figure 1 is a dual, grounded-lamp backlight inverter that operates from an input of 9V to 24V, delivers current from 0mA to 9mA per CCFL and has a dimming ratio greater than 100:1. The LT1768 in the circuit is a 350kHz fixed frequency, current mode, pulse width modulator that provides the lamp-current control function.
Remote Thermometer circuit
This circuit is intended for precision centigrade temperature measurement, with a transmitter section converting to frequency the sensor`s output voltage, which is proportional to the measured temperature. The output frequency bursts are conveyed into the mains supply cables. The receiver section counts the bursts coming from mains supply and...
10MHz DDS Sine/Square Function Generator AD9835
An extremely simple and low cost Sine/Square wave generator based on the Analog Devices AD9835 Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS) Generator chip. The frequency can be set for any frequency from 1Hz to 10MHz in 1Hz resolution steps! All this with three push buttons and a novel "sliding window" LED display.
DIGITAL LED AMMETER
Ammeter is a great addition to any Laboratory Power Supply as it will measure the current consumption and help you determine if there are any problems with the circuit that you are building or testing. This amper meter is capable of measuring the current consumption up to 10A with selected 100mA, 10mA and 1mA accuracy, and consumes only about...
It consisted of 16 LEDs in a circle with two touch pads. By placing your fingers on the touch pads, the circuit started and ran the LEDs in a "chaser" pattern around the display, with a beep each time a LED was illuminated. The circuit gradually slowed down to a random LED and the display showed "how stressed you were." "What a wonderful idea...
Fast Battery Tester
Tests 1.5 to 15 Volt cells. This circuit runs a fast battery test without the need of power supply or expensive moving-coil voltmeters. It features two ranges: when SW1 is set as shown in the circuit diagram, the device can test 3V to 15V batteries. When SW1 is switched to the other position, only 1.5V cells can be tested. Two-LED display, no...
4-digit Up/Down counter with PIC 16F88
This is a 4 digit decimal counter which can operate as a free running counter or in count and hold mode with manual reset. In either mode the counter can be preset to count to a specified value. Clock edge and leading zero suppression can also be configured. The 7-segment display and indicator LEDs are multiplexed. It will drive most...
LED display Digital Calendar AT89C2051
This Project Digital Calendar using Microcontroller is an advanced digital calendar, which displays the Date, Day, Month over the LED display. It has an 8 bit Microcontroller which runs on the Program embedded on its ROM. Separate LEDs are provided for the date, day, and month. The system has an battery backup so that it can run over all the...
G1216B1N000 dot graphics display
A serial interface and bias supply for the Seiko-Epson G1216N000 using an AT90S2313 because there just aren't enough applications examples for this display on the web. The display is a pretty old transflective gray mode TN LCD design with ok, but not great contrast. Its contrast is better than the screen shot above. The display's saving grace is...
Wireless LCD Display (AT90S2313)
Its an adaptation of the 2X 16 LCD project, by adding a fettite loop antenna, two resistors, and a capacitor. Here the display shows the output of the 10 bit scanning voltmeter with Minimum Mass Wireless Coupler. Both the ferrite loop antenna and the scanning voltmeterare described elsewhere on this site.
1 GHz Frequency Counter
This very simple counter can be used to measure the frequency of various wireless devices. Applies in reviving the transmitter and its operation as a control monitor frequency. It can be used as a scale to the receiver. Due to the simplicity of the counter should not miss any of the equipment bastlí?e that similar facilities are still owned....
Digital LCD thermometer ( PIC16F871 )
The circuit drives the LCD pins with 50% square waves. Each segment on this LCD is connected to the COM backplane and a separate pin. When a pin is driven in phase with the COM pin, the corresponding LCD segment gets zero voltage, and is off. When a pin is driven in reverse of the COM pin, the corresponding segment gets an alternating voltage,...
68HC11 as a Digital Timer
The timer is proposed an effective model for controlling an external load 8A/380V. Equipped with a 68HC11 mu.P associated with an 8 MHz crystal, it can get very precise programmable durations. Two lines are planned: from 0 to 99 seconds and from 0 to 99 minutes. Both displays allow programming in conjunction with a 4-button keypad. They also...
PIC16F628 as digital Tachometer
Pin 3 defines the Display type: Common Cathode or Common Anode. Connect this pin to GROUND if you are using common cathode 7-segment led displays. To use common anode displays, connect it to VCC (positive) Pin 4 is the signal input, you can use optical sensors (Fototransistors, fotoresistors, etc), magnetic sensors (Hall effect, reed switch,...
Digital to Analog Circuits
Analog to Digital Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity