Proximity detector

  
This circuit provides a means of detecting the presence of anything by the reflection of infra-red light and provides a direct digital output of object detection. By the use of modulation and high power bursts of infra-red at a very low duty cycle, a detection range of over a foot is achieved
Proximity detector - schematic

Works on the principle of transmitting a beam of modulated infra-red light from the emitter diode LED2, and receiving reflections from objects passing in front of the beam with a photodiode detector Dl. The circuit consists of an infra-red transmitter, photodiode amplifier, and a variable threshold comparator.




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