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Light Laser LED Circuits
ALPHANUMERIC LED DISPLAY PROJECT
A tiny sandwich flag connected perpendicular to the motor spindle aids observation of how long it takes to complete one full rotation. This worked initially, as each burst from the capacitor barely moved the flag 1/4 of a rotation. As the circuit variations became more efficient and powerful (the capacitors values became larger), a single burst...
LED doubles as emitter and detector
Figure 1 shows the relative responsivity and emission spectra for an Infineon (www.infineon.com) SFH409 LED. This infrared GaAs LED has peak emission at 940 nm with a half-peak bandwidth of 50 nm. In detection mode, it peaks at 920 nm with a half-peak bandwidth of 55 nm. As Figure 1 shows, the wavelength of peak responsivity is shorter than the...
Single cell lights any LED
The circuit in Figure 1 allows you to light any type of LED from a single cell whose voltage ranges from 1 to 1.5V. This range accommodates alkaline, carbon-zinc, NiCd, or NiMH single cells. The circuit`s principal application is in LED-based flashlights, such as a red LED in an astronomer`s flashlight, which doesn`t interfere with night vision....
Infrared Detection with 74HC04
The two basic parts for working with IR are the emitter and the detector. The emitter is typically an LED that emits near-infrared light. A typical wavelength is 880nm, which is just beyond the human eyes ability to see. Many suppliers, new and surplus, can provide you with sources of LED emitters. A typical IR detection system will use two...
Day and Night Infrared Detection
The following is a method to allow day and night detection using Infrared/Visible light sensitive phototransistors and a simple LM339 voltage comparator circuit.
INFRARED TOY CAR MOTOR CONTROLLER
This add-on circuit enables remote switching on/off of battery-operated toy cars with the help of a TV/ video remote control handset operating at 3040 kHz. When the circuit is energised from a 6V battery, the decade counter CD4017 (IC2), which is configured as a toggle flip-flop, is immediately reset by the power-onreset combination of...
DTMF proximity detector
The circuit presented here enables you to detect any object capable of reflecting the IR beam and moving in front of the IR LED photodetector pair up to a distance of about 12 cm from it. The circuit uses the commonly available telephony ICs such as dial-tone generator 91214B/91215B (IC1) and DTMF decoder CM8870 (IC2) in conjunction with...
Laser Track Detection
The following diagram shows the basic laser pointer circuit. It is identical to the infrared circuit except that the infrared LED`s have been replaced by the laser pointer unit. Due to the long range of these devices this detector method can easily span great distances and could be used to detect trains in a long section of straight track...
Infrared Interruption counter
Infrared interruption counter is a reliable circuit that takes over the task of counting number of interruptions very accurately. When somebody enters into the room, then the Counter is Incremented by one. The total number of Persons inside the Room is displayed on the seven segment displays.
InfraRed Remote Switch
This Project REMOTE CONTROLLED SWITCH BOARD is used to switch on/off the Home Appliances by using a standard Remote control. The system is used to switch on/off upto six electrical devices. All the above processes are controlled by the 8 bit Microcontroller AT89C52. The Microcontroller receives the Infrared Signal from the receiver and it...
Line Following Auto Robot
This Project Line Following Autonomous Robot is based on 8 bit Microcontroller AT89C2051. This Robot follows the black line which is drawn over the white surface or it follows the white line which is drawn over the black surface. The infrared sensors are used to sense the line. When the infrared signal falls on the white surface, it gets...
This circuits consist of two parts, the first part will transmit a signal, and the second part will detect that signal and trigger a relay.To adjust the circuit, hold down S1 while pointing LED1 at the receiver. Adjust R6 until you hear the relay click. You can increase range by using a high output LED for LED1. Bright light will stop the...
Infrared mains remote control Switch
The infra-red (IR) toggle switch project described here is aimed to provide control mechanism for electrical appliances that do not have remote operation features. The goal is to construct a black box where you can plug-in your 120V AC appliance and control ON and OFF operations with any modern IR remote control devices. Modern IR remote...
Remote control (IR) Tester
Here is a handy gadget for test- ing of infrared (IR) based re- mote control transmitters used for TVs and VCRs etc. The IR signals from a remote control transmitter are sensed by the IR sensor module in the tester and its output at pin 2 goes low. This in turn switches on transistor T1 and causes LED1 to blink. At the same time, the buzzer...
InfraRed Detector (PIC12F629)
This unit uses one TSAL6100 IR/LED emitter from Digi-Key. This IR diode has a narrow (10 degree) radiation pattern at 940 NM. It is driven via 2n2904 transistor for maximum current pulses. The detector is a Vishay TSOP4838 38Khz integrated receiver module. The 38Khz signal for the emitter is generated in software. Here is the idea: Send out a...
Remote control Infrared Jammer
This Remote control Jammer device it’s useful when we need to block someone to use the remote control (children that change frequently the channels at tv). This remote control jammer it’s very simply and it use two infrared Leds which continuously transmit with a frequency between 32 and 41 Khz ( most of remote works at 36 and 38 Khz). The...
Remote IR controller
This unit provide 2 way IR communications using a numeric keypad and an LCD display. Data is sent and recieved in ASCII with no regard to what the data means to any particular device. The ASCII data still needs some form of encoding. For this I chose 10-pulse coding of 38Khz IR using a nifty 99 cent receiver chip , TSOP4838 The transmitting is...
IR Encoder/Decoder with PIC12C508
The receiver chip uses a Panasonic 4602 38KHz receiver and that's it for external components. It has the serial input (GP3) , two RC hobby servo outputs (GP0/GP1) and three digital outputs (GP2,4,5). Here is the code for the receiver chip. It is a bit of a specialty in that the digital outputs are actually "momentary contact" type outputs...
Infrared motion detector
The GLMDA is designed to detect the motion of a human or animal both in daylight and at night and to provide a normally open relay output that can be used to activate many types of loads. The GLMDA also has terminals for connecting an optional photocell to prevent activation of the load during daylight.
Infrared range finder
A rangefinder is described that uses the propagation time of a beam of infrared radiation to measure distances of up to 120 meters with errors of less than 50 µm. The instrument is capable of measuring up to five different distances per second by directing an amplitude modulated infrared beam to a retroreflector located at the far end of each...
Simple Infrared TX / RX circuit
The transmitting section of this infrared tx-rx is unusually simple but it works rather well: the infrared LED pulses at a frequency of 160Hz and its range, with its receiver, is between 2 and 4m depending on the transformer used and the setting of the 100k pot. With other receivers it may reach a range of 15m, without any lens but with a...
IR remote control for PC
This simple circuit allows you to record any IR remote control signal on your PC, and then play it back. This is particularly useful if you want to control appliances such as TVs, VCRs, CDs etc. from your computer. The device simply connects to the parallel port of your PC. You can also use this circuit to analyze the waveform from any IR remote...
infrared beam proximity detector
his circuit can be used as an Infrared beam barrier as well as a proximity detector. The circuit uses the very popular Sharp IR module (Vishay module can also be used). The pin nos. shown in the circuit are for the Sharp & VIshay modules. For other modules please refer to their respective datasheets. The receiver consists of a 555 timer IC...
Infrared Audio TX/RX
Using this low-cost project one can reproduce audio from TV without disturbing others. It does not use any wire connection between TV and headphones. In place of a pair of wires, it uses invisible infrared light to transmit audio signals from TV to headphones. Without using any lens, a range of up to 6 metres is possible. Range can be extended...
TV remote control Jamming circuit
Just point this small device at the TV and the remote gets jammed . The circuit is self explanatory . 555 is wired as an astable multivibrator for a frequency of nearly 38 kHz. This is the frequency at which most of the modern TVs receive the IR beam . The transistor acts as a current source supplying roughly 25mA to the infra red LEDs. To...
Infra-red detector circuit
This circuit is a simple IR detector for testing IR remote controllers. The circuit is based on one phototransistor which receives the IR beam. The NPN transistor works as an amplifier which feeds current to the led. When this circuit detects IR or light, the LED is on. So you need to shield the phototransistor from ambient light if you don't...
This is an IR transmitting circuit which can be used in many projects (I designed this to try to make my 3D glasses wireless). This IR transmitter sends 40 kHz (frequency can be adjusted using R2) carrier under computer control (computer can turn the IR transmission on and off). IR carriers at around 40 kHz carrier frequency are widely used in...
Infrared Remote Control Jammer circuit
The IR Jammer is a fun project that provides a bit of safe, non-destructive fun. The Infrared Remote Control Jammer allows you to render all IR remote controls inoperative! The microcontroller in this design allows for all 6 of the main IR frequencies to be targeted making this unit universal. It works by corrupting the data that is being sent...
Motorised Infrared volume remote control
A nice circuit for using with audio preamplifiers, or any other circuit that use potentiometer and you need to control it from distance. The circuit includes Infrared transmitter and reciever with motor controller chip BA6418N.
Infrared Headphone Amplifier circuit
Using this low cost Project one can reproduce AUDIO from TV without disturbing anyone. It does not use any wire between TV and HEADPHONE. In place of pair of wires it uses invisible Infrared light to transmit audio signals from TV to Headphone. Without using any lens a range of up to 6 meters is possible. Range can be extended by using Lenses...
IR Remote Control Transmitter ATtiny28
Use of IR (infrared) light as a method for wireless communication has become popular for remote control applications. There are a number of different standards for such communication. In this application note the widely used RC5 coding scheme from Philips will be described, and a fully working remote control solution will be presented. This...
IR 4 channels remote control with PIC12F629
The circuit above illustrates using the IR receiver module along with a PIC12F629 microcontroller to decode 5 individual IR remote control keys so the circuit will only toggle one of the 4 outputs when a particular key is pressed. The 5th key is assigned to the master clear function that toggles off the 4 outputs. Works with most...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial