Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Visible and Infrared Light Detectors
The sensors used are silicon phototransistors and Cadmium Sulfide (CdS) photocells. Both of these sensors allow less current to flow when they are dark than when lighted. Phototransistors change their conductance while photocells change their resistance depending on the intensity of the light falling on them. All of the detectors on this page...
8 Photo-Detector Circuit Board
The circuit on this page is for a simple light detector circuit board that has 8 detectors that can be used with visible or infrared light systems. The detectors use LM339 voltage comparators as the active element. Phototransistors or CdS photocells can be used as sensors for this circuit. If phototransistors are used the circuits can also be...
Low Cost Alternative to LEDs for Backlighting
The circuit shown in Figure 1 is specifically designed to control a single 1W CCFL. T1, Q1, Q2 and associated components form a current fed resonant Royer converter that produces a high voltage at transformer T1s secondary winding. The CCFL current is the feedback signal to the LTC®1697. The LTC1697 delivers switch mode power to the...
DC/DC Converter Drives Lumileds White LEDs
Powered from two alkaline cells, the circuit in Figure 2 can illuminate a 1W LXHL-BW02 LumiledsTM white LED with a constant 320mA current at 85% efficiency. The forward voltage of the 1W LED, 3.6V typical, requires a boosted voltage from the 2-cell input. In order to turn off the LED, an input disconnect switch is required. Typically in...
Monolithic Converter Drives High Power LEDs
High power LEDs are quickly expanding their reach as the lightsource of choice for flat panel computer and TV monitors, TV projection, signage, portable lights and automotive interior, trim and brake lighting. The input voltage and LED voltage combinations across these applications are as diverse as the applications themselves, precluding...
Digitally DALI Dimming Ballast
A complete digital dimming system includes the dimming ballasts and a digital control unit for converting information from an Ethernet connection to the communication protocol required by the micro-controller in each ballast (Figure 1). Applications for this system include building management or studio lighting where it is desired to...
Digital DALI Ballast for 32W/T8 110V
This reference design is a high efficiency, high power factor, digital dimming electronic ballast designed to drive rapid start fluorescent lamp types. The design contains an active power factor correction circuit for universal voltage input as well as a ballast control circuit using the IR21592. The design also includes a PIC16F628...
Digital DALI Ballast for 36W/T8 220V
The Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI), international standard prlEC929, is a communication protocol and method to interface lighting units on a 2-wire network. The DALI protocol is 16 bits and supports addressing up to 64 ballasts individually, 16 groups or broadcasting to the entire lighting network. Aside from the protocol, DALI...
White LED Drive Circuit
A minimum number of parts yields a compact switching converter that can provide sufficient voltage to drive white LEDs. The resulting lamp is much more efficient, in terms of lumen hours per pound of battery, than incandescent bulbs, and because the color of the light is determined by fluorescence of phosphors within the LED assembly, the color...
This project is intended for controlling mains powered disco lighting, although there are many other possible uses for controlling almost any mains appliance. It will control five seperate channels at up to 3 Amp per channel. This could be increased by designing another PCB with wider tracks than the PCB included with this design. I could have...
Courtesy Lighting with 7555
This circuit is intended to let the user turn off a lamp by means of a switch placed far from bed, allowing him enough time to lie down before the lamp really switches off. 15 seconds delayed switch-off A good idea for bedroom lamps. Obviously, users will be able to find different applications for this circuit in order to suit their needs.
12V White LED Driver
The heart of the circuit is a string of 10 white LEDs. These are wired in series and connected to a current-regulated step-up switching power supply circuit. DC powered LED lighting circuits can vary from the trivial, with a single LED and a series resistor, to more complicated switching power supply circuits such as this project. There is a...
Power Failure Light
This is a very basic power failure lighting circuit based around a relay. This simple circuit has many uses, from lighting up rooms and walkways in the case of a power failure, to monitoring and security uses. There are many different power failure circuits out there based on 555 timers or transistors but they all have different problems...
Light Switch with 555 Timer
When the phototransistor is stroken by IR light it conducts and the voltage between the 1Mohm resistor(arbitrary) and the phototrans drops from VCC to lower values. When the voltage drops lower than VCC/3 the 555 is triggered and goes high (from 0 TO VCC). The amount of light that strike the phototrans necessary to bring his collector to VCC/3...
Audio Controlled Christmas Lights
The basic Idea was to have Christmas lights flash with the music. In my design I use an ordinary amplified computer speaker, a diode bridge, and a ‘CRYDOM’ SSR (Solid State Relay). In order to increase the time that the lights were on as well as protect the SSR I used a Diode Bridge to rectify the signal from the amplifier circuit.”
Light timer switch with PIC12F629
This is a lamp timer capable of operating two separate relay switches. Outputs can be in three (or restricted to two) states: OFF, delayed ON and constant ON. Delayed ON mode is indicated by the LEDs. The source code is easily customizable for your needs: set your desired delay time or disable constant ON state. press the button once to turn on...
Color organ with PIC16F84
Flash-back to the 60's with this 5 channel unit with up to 100 watts per channel. This unit uses a PIC16F84 with an 8 bit A/D. The signal from both stereo channels is combined and digitized. Each of 5 frequency bands is processed using a 16 point FFT. Then the level of each channel is output as PWM (pulse width modulation) to a set of solid...
Car central Light Dimmer
A useful operation for the cars is delayed extinguishing internal lighting cabin of passengers, after close some door of car. Certain cars allocate this operation from their constructor. Oldest sure do not allocate such operation. This delay makes this circuit. In the scheme appears the delay circuit as well as a typical circuit of connections...
Mains Delay Switch For Lambs and Motors
A circuit that will find enough applications. Basically the designing became in order to exist delay in quench one or more lamps in a stairwell or in any other space exists this need. It can become use, for the control various motor or other appliances, what is connected in the contacts of J3. The activation command is given by exterior pressing...
Touch Light Dimmer circuit
With this circuit we can change the brightness of lamb, with a only key of touch. The key of touch is connected in the circuit, center of which is a special completed IC1, which is the S566B of SIEMENS. This IC, it processes the information of duration of touch and then it checks the brilliance of lamb, according to this information. If we touch...
Car rear Stop Light Flasher
When we step on the car' s brake, then together with the classic rear STOP ,the third STOP which is situated in the middle of the back half of the car also switches ON. This is the classic function , is to be found in all modern cars. The difference with the circuit is that when we "step on the brake " then the third STOP switches ON and OFF...
Strobe light 115 AC
The way that this circuit works is as follows. The AC line voltage is rectified by D1 and D2 which connects to a voltage doubler circuit made up of the two 22uf capacitors. The Flash Freq. Pot and the 10uf capacitor charge up which triggers the Diac and causes the triac to turn on. This allows the trigger transformer T1 to send a very High...
Color Organ schematic
The basic idea of the project is to make different colored bulbs light at different frequencies of music. The circuit connects to the speaker outputs of your stereo or to the back of your speaker. The music passes through the transformer and the volume level is adjusted by the 5k ohm pot. Each light bulb is turn on by a different frequency of...
Music to light modulator circuit
A music-to-light modulator is a circuit which controls the intensity of one or more lights in response to an audio input. The problem in older circuits is that there was a direct electrical connection between the lights using mains voltages (110 to 250V AC) and the amplifier circuit low 9 to 12 voltage levels. Any fault in the high voltage...
Digital lighting controler PIC16F870
This unit recieves DMX 512 data and Analogue (0- 10v) data and uses these to phase angle control mains output. Features: DMX 512 data Input. Analogue (0- 10v )DC Input. 4 Output channels. Remotley programmable Interally saved Presets. 3 Modes of operation Digital Lighting Data, Aanlogue Lighting Data and Internal Presets. 3 Dimming Curves (...
Car Light Dimmer 12 Volt
This unique circuit makes your dome light look cool. Usually when the car door is closed, the dome light just goes OFF. With this circuit, you can have our dome light fade slowly in brightness and finally go OFF. This slow dimming of the light gives a very good feeling at night. It looks very romantic! The circuit can be explained as follows:...
Automatic Dual output Bulb Display
This circuit lights up ten bulbs sequentially, first in one direc- tion and then in the opposite direction, thus presenting a nice visual effect. In this circuit, gates N1 and N2 form an oscillator. The output of this oscillator is used as a clock for BCD up/down counter CD4510 (IC2). Depending on the logic state at its pin 10, the counter...
Emergency Lighting circuit
The circuit of automatic emergency light presented here has the following features: 1. When the mains supply (230V AC) is available, it charges a 12V battery up to 13.5V and then the battery is disconnected from the charging section. 2. When the battery discharges up to 10.2V, it is disconnected from the load and the charging process is resumed....
Auto ON-OFF lights
An ordinary automatic room power control circuit has only one light sensor. So when a person enters the room it gets one pulse and the lights come on. When the person goes out it gets another pulse and the lights go off. But what happens when two persons enter the room, one after the other? It gets two pulses and the lights remain in off state....
Audio Light Modulator circuit
Audio light modulations add to the enjoyment of music during functions organised at home or outdoors. Presented here is one such simple circuit in which light is modulated using a small fraction of the audio output from the speaker terminals of the audio amplifier. The output from the speaker terminals of audio amplifier is connected to a...
200 LEDs Christmas Lights circuit
This simple and inexpensive circuit built around a popular CMOS hex inverter IC CD4069UB offers four sequential switching outputs that may be used to control 200 LEDs (50 LEDs per channel), driven directly from mains supply. Input supply of 230V AC is rectified by the bridge rectifiers D1 to D4. After fullwave rectification, the average output...
Power LED mood Lamp
A good way to mount the circuit board is to use a hot glue gun to "mold" the circuit underneath the lamp housing. There is plenty of space there for your board. At the next photos you can see the circuit board mounted on the small 31cm IKEA Mylonit Lamp. It's clear that current changes as colors are changing. As you can see the max current...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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