Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Visible and Infrared Light Detectors
The sensors used are silicon phototransistors and Cadmium Sulfide (CdS) photocells. Both of these sensors allow less current to flow when they are dark than when lighted. Phototransistors change their conductance while photocells change their resistance depending on the intensity of the light falling on them. All of the detectors on this page...
8 Photo-Detector Circuit Board
The circuit on this page is for a simple light detector circuit board that has 8 detectors that can be used with visible or infrared light systems. The detectors use LM339 voltage comparators as the active element. Phototransistors or CdS photocells can be used as sensors for this circuit. If phototransistors are used the circuits can also be...
Low Cost Alternative to LEDs for Backlighting
The circuit shown in Figure 1 is specifically designed to control a single 1W CCFL. T1, Q1, Q2 and associated components form a current fed resonant Royer converter that produces a high voltage at transformer T1s secondary winding. The CCFL current is the feedback signal to the LTC®1697. The LTC1697 delivers switch mode power to the...
DC/DC Converter Drives Lumileds White LEDs
Powered from two alkaline cells, the circuit in Figure 2 can illuminate a 1W LXHL-BW02 LumiledsTM white LED with a constant 320mA current at 85% efficiency. The forward voltage of the 1W LED, 3.6V typical, requires a boosted voltage from the 2-cell input. In order to turn off the LED, an input disconnect switch is required. Typically in...
Monolithic Converter Drives High Power LEDs
High power LEDs are quickly expanding their reach as the lightsource of choice for flat panel computer and TV monitors, TV projection, signage, portable lights and automotive interior, trim and brake lighting. The input voltage and LED voltage combinations across these applications are as diverse as the applications themselves, precluding...
Digitally DALI Dimming Ballast
A complete digital dimming system includes the dimming ballasts and a digital control unit for converting information from an Ethernet connection to the communication protocol required by the micro-controller in each ballast (Figure 1). Applications for this system include building management or studio lighting where it is desired to...
Digital DALI Ballast for 32W/T8 110V
This reference design is a high efficiency, high power factor, digital dimming electronic ballast designed to drive rapid start fluorescent lamp types. The design contains an active power factor correction circuit for universal voltage input as well as a ballast control circuit using the IR21592. The design also includes a PIC16F628...
Digital DALI Ballast for 36W/T8 220V
The Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI), international standard prlEC929, is a communication protocol and method to interface lighting units on a 2-wire network. The DALI protocol is 16 bits and supports addressing up to 64 ballasts individually, 16 groups or broadcasting to the entire lighting network. Aside from the protocol, DALI...
White LED Drive Circuit
A minimum number of parts yields a compact switching converter that can provide sufficient voltage to drive white LEDs. The resulting lamp is much more efficient, in terms of lumen hours per pound of battery, than incandescent bulbs, and because the color of the light is determined by fluorescence of phosphors within the LED assembly, the color...
This project is intended for controlling mains powered disco lighting, although there are many other possible uses for controlling almost any mains appliance. It will control five seperate channels at up to 3 Amp per channel. This could be increased by designing another PCB with wider tracks than the PCB included with this design. I could have...
Courtesy Lighting with 7555
This circuit is intended to let the user turn off a lamp by means of a switch placed far from bed, allowing him enough time to lie down before the lamp really switches off. 15 seconds delayed switch-off A good idea for bedroom lamps. Obviously, users will be able to find different applications for this circuit in order to suit their needs.
12V White LED Driver
The heart of the circuit is a string of 10 white LEDs. These are wired in series and connected to a current-regulated step-up switching power supply circuit. DC powered LED lighting circuits can vary from the trivial, with a single LED and a series resistor, to more complicated switching power supply circuits such as this project. There is a...
Power Failure Light
This is a very basic power failure lighting circuit based around a relay. This simple circuit has many uses, from lighting up rooms and walkways in the case of a power failure, to monitoring and security uses. There are many different power failure circuits out there based on 555 timers or transistors but they all have different problems...
Light Switch with 555 Timer
When the phototransistor is stroken by IR light it conducts and the voltage between the 1Mohm resistor(arbitrary) and the phototrans drops from VCC to lower values. When the voltage drops lower than VCC/3 the 555 is triggered and goes high (from 0 TO VCC). The amount of light that strike the phototrans necessary to bring his collector to VCC/3...
Audio Controlled Christmas Lights
The basic Idea was to have Christmas lights flash with the music. In my design I use an ordinary amplified computer speaker, a diode bridge, and a ‘CRYDOM’ SSR (Solid State Relay). In order to increase the time that the lights were on as well as protect the SSR I used a Diode Bridge to rectify the signal from the amplifier circuit.”
Light timer switch with PIC12F629
This is a lamp timer capable of operating two separate relay switches. Outputs can be in three (or restricted to two) states: OFF, delayed ON and constant ON. Delayed ON mode is indicated by the LEDs. The source code is easily customizable for your needs: set your desired delay time or disable constant ON state. press the button once to turn on...
Color organ with PIC16F84
Flash-back to the 60's with this 5 channel unit with up to 100 watts per channel. This unit uses a PIC16F84 with an 8 bit A/D. The signal from both stereo channels is combined and digitized. Each of 5 frequency bands is processed using a 16 point FFT. Then the level of each channel is output as PWM (pulse width modulation) to a set of solid...
Car central Light Dimmer
A useful operation for the cars is delayed extinguishing internal lighting cabin of passengers, after close some door of car. Certain cars allocate this operation from their constructor. Oldest sure do not allocate such operation. This delay makes this circuit. In the scheme appears the delay circuit as well as a typical circuit of connections...
Mains Delay Switch For Lambs and Motors
A circuit that will find enough applications. Basically the designing became in order to exist delay in quench one or more lamps in a stairwell or in any other space exists this need. It can become use, for the control various motor or other appliances, what is connected in the contacts of J3. The activation command is given by exterior pressing...
Touch Light Dimmer circuit
With this circuit we can change the brightness of lamb, with a only key of touch. The key of touch is connected in the circuit, center of which is a special completed IC1, which is the S566B of SIEMENS. This IC, it processes the information of duration of touch and then it checks the brilliance of lamb, according to this information. If we touch...
Car rear Stop Light Flasher
When we step on the car' s brake, then together with the classic rear STOP ,the third STOP which is situated in the middle of the back half of the car also switches ON. This is the classic function , is to be found in all modern cars. The difference with the circuit is that when we "step on the brake " then the third STOP switches ON and OFF...
Strobe light 115 AC
The way that this circuit works is as follows. The AC line voltage is rectified by D1 and D2 which connects to a voltage doubler circuit made up of the two 22uf capacitors. The Flash Freq. Pot and the 10uf capacitor charge up which triggers the Diac and causes the triac to turn on. This allows the trigger transformer T1 to send a very High...
Color Organ schematic
The basic idea of the project is to make different colored bulbs light at different frequencies of music. The circuit connects to the speaker outputs of your stereo or to the back of your speaker. The music passes through the transformer and the volume level is adjusted by the 5k ohm pot. Each light bulb is turn on by a different frequency of...
Music to light modulator circuit
A music-to-light modulator is a circuit which controls the intensity of one or more lights in response to an audio input. The problem in older circuits is that there was a direct electrical connection between the lights using mains voltages (110 to 250V AC) and the amplifier circuit low 9 to 12 voltage levels. Any fault in the high voltage...
Digital lighting controler PIC16F870
This unit recieves DMX 512 data and Analogue (0- 10v) data and uses these to phase angle control mains output. Features: DMX 512 data Input. Analogue (0- 10v )DC Input. 4 Output channels. Remotley programmable Interally saved Presets. 3 Modes of operation Digital Lighting Data, Aanlogue Lighting Data and Internal Presets. 3 Dimming Curves (...
Car Light Dimmer 12 Volt
This unique circuit makes your dome light look cool. Usually when the car door is closed, the dome light just goes OFF. With this circuit, you can have our dome light fade slowly in brightness and finally go OFF. This slow dimming of the light gives a very good feeling at night. It looks very romantic! The circuit can be explained as follows:...
Automatic Dual output Bulb Display
This circuit lights up ten bulbs sequentially, first in one direc- tion and then in the opposite direction, thus presenting a nice visual effect. In this circuit, gates N1 and N2 form an oscillator. The output of this oscillator is used as a clock for BCD up/down counter CD4510 (IC2). Depending on the logic state at its pin 10, the counter...
Emergency Lighting circuit
The circuit of automatic emergency light presented here has the following features: 1. When the mains supply (230V AC) is available, it charges a 12V battery up to 13.5V and then the battery is disconnected from the charging section. 2. When the battery discharges up to 10.2V, it is disconnected from the load and the charging process is resumed....
Auto ON-OFF lights
An ordinary automatic room power control circuit has only one light sensor. So when a person enters the room it gets one pulse and the lights come on. When the person goes out it gets another pulse and the lights go off. But what happens when two persons enter the room, one after the other? It gets two pulses and the lights remain in off state....
Audio Light Modulator circuit
Audio light modulations add to the enjoyment of music during functions organised at home or outdoors. Presented here is one such simple circuit in which light is modulated using a small fraction of the audio output from the speaker terminals of the audio amplifier. The output from the speaker terminals of audio amplifier is connected to a...
200 LEDs Christmas Lights circuit
This simple and inexpensive circuit built around a popular CMOS hex inverter IC CD4069UB offers four sequential switching outputs that may be used to control 200 LEDs (50 LEDs per channel), driven directly from mains supply. Input supply of 230V AC is rectified by the bridge rectifiers D1 to D4. After fullwave rectification, the average output...
Power LED mood Lamp
A good way to mount the circuit board is to use a hot glue gun to "mold" the circuit underneath the lamp housing. There is plenty of space there for your board. At the next photos you can see the circuit board mounted on the small 31cm IKEA Mylonit Lamp. It's clear that current changes as colors are changing. As you can see the max current...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial