Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Lighting Electric Circuits
Display Backlighting Using High-Brightness LEDs and SEPIC Power Modules
This application note discussed the use of SEPIC power modules to provide the power needed to drive high-brighness LED arrays. The arrays are used as display backlights and require a wide dimming range. The SEPIC approach provides an efficient and flexible approach for the backlights..
LED-Driver Design for Automotive Rear Lighting
Article for an LED driver design for automotive rear lights. Shows how dimming is best achieved with PWM and an LED driver IC that eliminates the need for external PWM signal..
DMX Lighting System
The momentary switch used was rated for 10A for safty. If the switch was rated for too small a current, the instantaneous current for the first millisecond would fuse the switch contacts together. To achieve objective 3, some sort of switch that can vary current must be used. The posibilities are potentiometer, pulse width modulation,
Autonomous Lighting with Intelligence with Arduino
LED Lighting Downlight
LED Lighting LED Bulb
LED Dimmer Lighting
A dimmer for individual LED bulbs. LEDs (light emitting diodes) are very sensitive components - exceed their rated current or voltage and their lifespan can be slashed from 50, 000+ hours to an eventful microsecond. LEDs are current-driven * which means that the intensity of the light they generate depends on the amount of electric current...
Auxiliary Lighting Circuit
This article describes a lighting circuit that generates a glowing firebox effect and provides constant illumination forclassification lamps and an interior cab light. It contains all information needed to build the circuit including a detailed schematic, circuit board layout diagram, and component parts list. Recommended sources for components are
Lighting warn?€key warn?€safety belt warn?€shift lock and parking lamp circuit diagram
555 alarm doorbell and lighting controller circuit
As the figure 15-24 shows, the controller circuit is composed of the switch type Hall integrated circuit DN838 and the astable multivibrator (composed of the 555), this circuit can be used in wide range of applications such as the automatic door opening, automatic delay alarm, automatically turns off the lights and also it can be used as the...
Telephone control automatic lighting circuit 1
The diagram shows telephone control automatic lighting circuit. At night, when telephone rings or master takes up telephone transmitter dialing, the light can lighten; when telephone ringer stopped (no one listen) or on-hook, it can delay 10~40s, then the light can die out itself. Moreover, this circuit also set a light triggering button. The ligh
LED Lighting For Dual-Filament Lamps
Before we describe how it`s done, note that we recommend that the result be checked as having sufficient brightness for a stop & tail-light application. That`s because the light output may be inadequate, depending on the tail-light lens and reflector assembly - so use any modified lamps with discretion! As shown, an additional diode (D1) and resis
Backup Lamp Circuit
This little circuit will pay for itself many times over the first time it is used, especially if you are in the shower. This back-up lamp stays off as long as light falls on the CdS photocell from either the NE-2 or from room ambient light. So, if the power fails at night, the lamp will light.
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial