Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Light Laser LED Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
The LED Torch is based on a 7555 timer running in astable mode (do not use an ordinary 555). A white LED (Maplin order code NR73) produces 400 mcd light output, which, when focussed, can illuminate objects at 30 metres. Try Conrad Electronic for what appears to be a stronger white LED (order code 15 37 45-11). A convex lens with short focal...
MAINS-OPERATED CHRISTMAS LED STAR
Here is a low-cost circuit of Christmas star that can be easily constructed even by a novice. The main advantage of this circuit is that it doesnt require any step-down transformer or ICs. Components like resistors R1 and R2, capacitors C1, C2, and C3, diodes D1 and D2, and zener ZD1 are used to develop a fairly steady 5V DC supply voltage...
Monolithic Converter Drives High Power LEDs
High power LEDs are quickly expanding their reach as the lightsource of choice for flat panel computer and TV monitors, TV projection, signage, portable lights and automotive interior, trim and brake lighting. The input voltage and LED voltage combinations across these applications are as diverse as the applications themselves, precluding...
LTC3205 - Multidisplay LED Controller
The LTC3205 is a highly integrated multidisplay LED controller. The part contains a high efficiency, low noise fractional step-up/step-down charge pump to provide power for both main and sub white LED displays plus an RGB color LED display. The LTC3205 requires only four small ceramic capacitors plus two resistors to form a complete 3-display...
Regulated LED Lamp
The LM317L and resistor act as a current regulator set to 40ma. Current flows from the battery through one pair of LEDs, through the regulator, through the other pair of LEDs, and back to the battery. The capacitor filters out noise on the power supply lines. The LED pairs must be matched so that the current through them is roughly equivalent....
Single FET controls LED array
The circuit`s 90% conversion efficiency offers a distinct power-saving advantage over resistor-limited and linearly regulated designs. It might appear that a series-LED connection is unsuitable for applications in which some (but not all) LEDs must be off. A cell phone, for example, sometimes needs that capability for occasions when the display...
Buck-Boost High Power White LED Driver
The LTC3453 is a synchronous buck-boost DC/DC converter optimized for driving up to 4 white LEDs at a combined current of up to 500mA from a single Li-Ion battery input. The regulator operates in either synchronous buck, synchronous boost, or buck-boost mode, depending on input voltage and LED maximum forward voltage. Optimum efficiency is...
White LED Step-Up Converter in SC70 and ThinSOT
The LT®1937 is a step-up DC/DC converter specifically designed to drive white LEDs with a constant current. The device can drive two, three or four LEDs in series from a Li-Ion cell. Series connection of the LEDs provides identical LED currents resulting in uniform brightness and eliminating the need for ballast resistors. The LT1937 switches at...
Digitally DALI Dimming Ballast
A complete digital dimming system includes the dimming ballasts and a digital control unit for converting information from an Ethernet connection to the communication protocol required by the micro-controller in each ballast (Figure 1). Applications for this system include building management or studio lighting where it is desired to...
Electronic Ballasts Using the IR215X Drivers
In this circuit the switches are power MOSFETs driven to conduct alternately by windings on a current transformer. The primary of this transformer is driven by the current in the lamp circuit and operates at the resonant frequency of L-C. Unfortunately, the circuit is not self starting and must be pulsed by the DIAC connected to the gate of...
The IRPLLNR1 is a high efficiency, high power factor, non-dimmable electronic ballast designed for linear fluorescent lamp types. The design contains an active power factor correction circuit for universal voltage input and a ballast control circuit using the IR2153 for controlling the lamp. Other features include EMI filtering, transient...
CFL Ballast for 26W 220VAC
The IRPLCFL5E reference design is an electronic ballast for driving 26W compact fluorescent lamps from 220VAC. The circuit provides all of the necessary functions for preheat, ignition and onstate operation of the lamp and also includes the EMI filter and the rectification stage. The circuit is built around the IR2520D Ballast Control IC.
Digital DALI Ballast for 32W/T8 110V
This reference design is a high efficiency, high power factor, digital dimming electronic ballast designed to drive rapid start fluorescent lamp types. The design contains an active power factor correction circuit for universal voltage input as well as a ballast control circuit using the IR21592. The design also includes a PIC16F628...
Digital DALI Ballast for 36W/T8 220V
The Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI), international standard prlEC929, is a communication protocol and method to interface lighting units on a 2-wire network. The DALI protocol is 16 bits and supports addressing up to 64 ballasts individually, 16 groups or broadcasting to the entire lighting network. Aside from the protocol, DALI...
42 Watt Compact Fluorescent Ballast
The CFL-2 is an electronic ballast design for driving a 42 watt compact fluorescent lamp from a 120 or 230 volt AC line. The circuit was designed using the IR2156 Ballast Driver IC. The main features of the circuit are programmable frequency, preheat time, over-current threshold and dead time. A circuit board was designed and tested to...
Simple Light Detector
No description available.
Infrared Detection with 74HC04
The two basic parts for working with IR are the emitter and the detector. The emitter is typically an LED that emits near-infrared light. A typical wavelength is 880nm, which is just beyond the human eyes ability to see. Many suppliers, new and surplus, can provide you with sources of LED emitters. A typical IR detection system will use two...
Laser Range Finding for robots
The author's articles of months past focus on the application of 32-bit high-powered processors to amateur robotics and more recently applying CPLD technologies to the same. Continuing on this high-tech trend, this article will cover the concepts and implementation of a Real-time Laser Range Finder based on CPLD Processing of NTSC Video for use...
low voltage DC Inverters for fluorescent lamps
This is a collection of non-intelligent (at least for now) inverter circuits for operating fluorescent or other similar devices from low voltage DC power sources. These designs - mostly obtained by reverse engineering commercial camping lanterns, power inverters, and the like - are all very basic circuits which use simple oscillators, easy...
12VDC Fluorescent Lamp Driver
A number of people have been unable to find the transformer needed for the Black Light project, so I looked around to see if I could find a fluorescent lamp driver that does not require any special components. I finally found one in Electronics Now. Here it is. It uses a normal 120 to 6V stepdown transformer in reverse to step 12V to about 350V...
BALLAST CONTROL IC
The IR2156 incorporates a high voltage half-bridge gate driver with a programmable oscillator and state diagram to form a complete ballast control IC. The IR2156 features include programmable preheat and run frequencies, programmable preheat time, programmable dead-time, and programmable over-current protection. Comprehensive protection...
40W Fluorescent Lamp Inverter
This 40W fluorescent lamp inverter allows you to run 40W fluorescent tubes from any 12V source capable of delivering 3A. This is basically a larger version of the 12VDC Fluorescent Lamp Driver and can be used to light regular or blacklight tubes.
Preheat starter for electronic ballast
The design usually involves a compromise between turn-on voltage and lamp life because the two are inversely related. One way to reach a reasonable compromise is to initially allow a momentary inrush current to warm the filaments, followed by a series of interrupted short circuits across the lamp that generate the required high voltage to...
Linear Fluorescent Ballast with IR2166
The IR2166 Demo Board is a high efficiency, high power factor, fixed output electronic ballast designed for driving rapid start fluorescent lamp types. The design contains an EMI filter, active power factor correction and a ballast control circuit using the IR2166. This demo board is intended to ease the evaluation of the IR2166 Ballast...
LED mood Lamp with PIC16F628
This high power led mood light is based on PIC16F628 and the ability of this mcu to produce PWM pulses. Varying pulse width we can produce millions of color combinations using only the three basic colors. So only one RGB (Red-Green-Blue) led is capable producing a rainbow of fading colors. With the help of four switches we can handle all...
6 Channel Disco Running Lights
From 230 V AC a DC supply of + 5 V is obtained. The power supply is given to the other blocks. The pulse generator at a particular frequency generates the clock pulses. The clock pulses are counted by a counter and gives output after every 10 pulses. The counter drives the transistors, which form the triac firing circuit. The transistors fire...
Probe for LCD Backlight
Figure 1s circuitry meets the discussed requirements. It signal conditions a commercially available clip-on current probe with a precision amplifier to provide 1% measurement accuracy to 10MHz. The clip-on probe provides convenience, even in the presence of the high common voltages noted. The current probe biases A1, operating at a gain of...
LCD Backlight circuits
A practical, efficient LCD backlight design is a classic study of compromise in a transduced electronic system. Every aspect of the design is interrelated, and the physical embodiment is an integral part of the electrical circuit. The choice and location of the lamp, wires, display housing and other items have a major effect on electrical...
PIC16C5x Microcontrollers as LCD Drivers
The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) is a thin layer of Liquid Crystal Material deposited between two plates of glass. The raw LCD is often referred to as glass. Electrodes are attached to both sides of the glass. One side is referred to as common or backplane, while the other side is referred to as segment.
PIC MCUs to an LCD Module
This application note interfaces a midrange PICmicro device to a Hitachi LM032L LCD character display module, with a two line by twenty character display. LCD modules are useful for displaying text information from a system. In large volume applications, the use of custom LCD displays becomes economical. The routines provided should be a...
LCD Bias and Backup Supply
The LT®1316, a micropower step-up DC/DC converter with peak switch current control, meets these needs. The device draws 33mA quiescent current and contains a 0.6W, 30V switch that can be programmed for a maximum peak current between 30mA and 600mA with an external resistor. It also has a low-battery detector that remains active in...
LCD 7 digit HF counter
The resistor between basis and collector (around 47k) is to be individually set according transistor characteristics. Without PIC in socket at the collector should be 2.5 V.
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial