Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Light Laser LED Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Rotating LED message board
This unit has a single column of LEDs that are spinning in a left to right motion, as it spins a microcontroller keeps track of the exact position of the board. Words are written in the air by flashing the correct bit pattern in the correct location. The same word is repeated over many revolutions of the device, each time the LEDs turn on in...
Power LED mood Lamp
A good way to mount the circuit board is to use a hot glue gun to "mold" the circuit underneath the lamp housing. There is plenty of space there for your board. At the next photos you can see the circuit board mounted on the small 31cm IKEA Mylonit Lamp. It's clear that current changes as colors are changing. As you can see the max current...
LED flashing circuit for toys
It consists of a 4047 low-power monostable/astable multivibrator, IC1, used in the astable mode to provide the timing pulses to control the flash rate of the LEDs. To accomplish the astable mode, pins 4, 5, 6, and 14 are connected to +12VDC and pins 7, 8, 9, and 12 are connected to ground. Pins 1 and 3 are connected to C2 and pins 2 and 3 are...
Infrared Headphone Amplifier circuit
Using this low cost Project one can reproduce AUDIO from TV without disturbing anyone. It does not use any wire between TV and HEADPHONE. In place of pair of wires it uses invisible Infrared light to transmit audio signals from TV to Headphone. Without using any lens a range of up to 6 meters is possible. Range can be extended by using Lenses...
IR Remote Control Transmitter ATtiny28
Use of IR (infrared) light as a method for wireless communication has become popular for remote control applications. There are a number of different standards for such communication. In this application note the widely used RC5 coding scheme from Philips will be described, and a fully working remote control solution will be presented. This...
AC MAINS LED indicator schematic
Often the need to control light switch on the instrument. If napájíme LED source of low DC voltage sufficient to classify a series of LED-resistor of appropriate resistance. Another situation occurs, if a small supply available, or to indicate when the voltage needed before the safety equipment supplied. In such cases, has been used for many...
LED Flashlight circuit with MAX1811
White LEDs have a rated current at a voltage drop of about 3.3 to 3.4 V. It is ideal to be powered from the battery voltage which is slightly larger. Then there is the best energy used. In this I used a flashlight battery, Li-ion battery, which lasts the full brightness of the lamp lit for many hours. Circuit for power LEDs is described here ,...
White LED Supply Driver II
The article describes a simple and very cheap to drive white, blue or UV LEDs, used for example in small lamps and testers. The cost of components shall not exceed CZK 10. Converters for white LED has been on the pages of journals described quite enough. When I recently needed a similar drive, I wanted to use the drive transistors . This drive...
Powerful LED Flashlight circuit
Presented circuit is very simple. With more sampling, I refrained from using the converter and lamp designed for powering three NiCd or NiMH batteries. Because the voltage difference between the battery and the LED is very small, this arrangement is paradoxically more effective than using the drive. If the battery voltage of 3.9 V (battery is...
Luxeon Star LED driver with MAX1709 IC
Anyone who has ever dealt with construction of low-voltage-fed inverter realized that this is no easy task. The shrinking supply voltage decreases rapidly transferred power and efficiency. Samokmitající converters fail to provide sufficient power to drive control for the purpose of unduly complex. Involvement of the drive, greatly simplifies the...
220 V LED Night light
This Is a capacitor power supply. This is a very small currents of energy-effective, because it has very little loss, much smaller than the miniature transformer. Capacitor impedance is inversely proportional to frequency. This is a great disadvantage when the grid appear in the short interference pulses caused by switching on large appliances...
Energy Saving Night Light circuit
The lamps are usually used as ballast or electronic ballast inverter. Here it is used to reduce voltage capacitor reactance. Interesting is also the method of ignition of the auxiliary electrodes involved over 150 Ohm resistors. To start simply involve only one, but the lamp is switched on for longer blinks. Filament is not used and are...
Flashing LEDs toy with 555
There have described the involvement benefited LM3909 circuit, which is quite expensive. That's why I prefer to use a much cheaper known timer 555th.Involvement of the tree is a very simple scheme is to figure 2 . It is based on several multivibrator used as a favorite flasher timer 555 in the simplest possible involvement. Each flasher controls...
60 seconds timer with LEDs
The circuit is a 0-60 second timer using timer 555 and two 4017 for LED driving.
19 LED Clock circuit
The clock circuit above uses seven ICs and 19 LEDs to indicate binary coded decimal time. The LEDs can be arranged (as shown in example above) so that each horizontal group of 3 or 4 LEDs represents a decimal digit between 0 and 9 and each individual LED represents a single bit or (binary digit) of the value. Binary digits have only two values...
1 Cell battery LED flasher circuits
The LED flasher circuits below operate on a single 1.5 volt battery. The circuit on the upper right uses the popular LM3909 LED flasher IC and requires only a timing capacitor and LED. The top left circuit, designed by Andre De-Guerin illustrates using a 100uF capacitor to double the battery voltage to obtain 3 volts for the LED. Two sections of...
Lamp Dimmer schematic
The full wave phase control circuit below was found in a RCA power circuits book from 1969. The load is placed in series with the AC line and the four diodes provide a full wave rectified voltage to the anode of a SCR. Two small signal transistors are connected in a switch configuration so that when the voltage on the 2.2uF capacitor reaches...
AC Lamp Chaser schematic
This circuit is basically the same as the 10 channel LED sequencer with the addition of solid state relays to control the AC lamps. The relay shown in the diagram is a Radio Shack 3 amp unit (part no. 275-310) that requires 1.2 volts DC to activate. No current spec was given but I assume it needs just a few milliamps to light the internal LED. A...
Fading LEDs schematic
This circuit is used to slowly illuminate and fade a pair of red LEDs (light emitting diodes). The fading LEDs could be installed as 'eyes' in a small pumpkin or skull as a Halloween attraction, or mounted in a Christmas tree ornament. Or, they might be used as a fancy power indicator for your computer, microwave oven, stereo system, TV, or...
Lamp Fader schematic
The sunset lamp comes on at full brightness and then slowly fades out over 1.5 hours time and stays off until power is recycled.
General There are many 9V chaser circuits that seem to waste about 7V when driving LEDs that are only about 2V. This project is unique, because it uses only two inexpensive alkaline battery cells totaling 3V for power. Since most of the waste is eliminated, the cells last a long time.
Power LED Driver
A constant-current power LED driver circuit is shown in Fig. 1. Q1 is turned on by R1 and acts as a variable resistor. Q2 is an “over-current” switch and R2 sets the maximum current. For the power LEDs that I use, the 1W circuit draws about 440mA from the DC source, which corresponds to about 0.44V VBE threshold voltage for PN2222A. The 5W...
Infrared Radar Circuit
Chris from PyroElectro.com has a great article about a do-it-yourself radar system build with PIC18F452. It’s a great hobby project although the schematic is very complicated. This project uses three main devices to create a personal radar system. The IR Range sensor gives output, the pic microcontroller processes it and then displays the...
Wireless IR Headphones circuit
Using this wireless IR Headphones circuit electronic project you can transmit audio signal using an infrared connection .This wireless IR Headphones circuit diagram electronic project is composed by two parts : transmitter and receiver . This is not an RF transmitter , so you will need to design both parts of application . Using this infrared...
pulse generator circuit
With the relaxation oscillator, we basically achieved a fairly regular square wave. Let's change the duty cycle (and visualize the effect with LEDs). Wire up the following variation on the relaxation oscillator circuit
Backup Lamp Circuit
This little circuit will pay for itself many times over the first time it is used, especially if you are in the shower. This back-up lamp stays off as long as light falls on the CdS photocell from either the NE-2 or from room ambient light. So, if the power fails at night, the lamp will light.
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial