Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Free-Air Laser Light Communications
Because light is at such a high frequency in the electromagnetic spectrum, it`s an even better medium for communications than radio waves. Lasers are perfect instruments for communications links because they emit a powerful, slender beam that`s least affected by interference and is nearly impossible to intercept. This section explains the basics o
Advanced Projects in Laser Communication
The last section presented a number of basic free-air laser light communications projects. You learned how to modulate a He-Ne laser beam using a transformer, transistor, and even a piece of Mylar foil stretched in a needlepoint hoop. You also learned various ways to electronically modulate laser diodes and recover the transmitted audio signal. Th
Build a Michelson Interferometer
Michelson was the inventor of a unique interferometer that opened up new vistas in the science of light and optics. With the interferometer, Michelson was able to determine ” with unprecedented accuracy ” the speed of light, the wavelength and frequency of light emitted by different sources, and the constancy of the speed of light through any...
Analog Laser Guitar Hero
Above is the schematic of one oscillator circuit. In technical terms the oscillator is a Schmitt trigger relaxation oscillator. Above you`ll also find..
LASER BURGLAR ALARM
Hi guys..!!this is my 1st easy cheap n simple instructabel u need following components for laser burglar alarm-1. LDR or photocell 2.printed circui..
Laser Perimeter Alarm
Learn how to fortify your fortress no matter what the size with this ingenious myriad of a customizable laser grid. Once someone steps through and bre..
Laser Trip Mine
This instructable will teach you how to make a laser trip mine. If someone steps in the lasers path I have gotten it to set off a L.E.D., but you can..
Artificial Intelligence Tool and Electronic Systems Used to Develop Optical Applications
Pulse Circuits for Infrared LEDs and Visible Diode Lasers
This article demonstrates basic circuits for pulsing infrared LEDs and low power visible semiconductor lasers using components which are inexpensive and fairly readily available. Many interesting and useful applications can be found in the references cited here, as well as several online web pages. This article focuses on the basic circuits. The i
Speed of Light with Nanosecond Pulsed 650 nm Diode Laser
The speed of light has been measured many different ways using many ingenious methods. The following note describes a method which is conceptually very easy to understand and fairly easy to implement. The technique is the simple time-of-flight optical pulse delay method using a fairly short (nanosecond) optical pulse and an oscilloscope with bandw
Complete Ar/Kr Ion Laser Power Supply Schematics
Complete Ar/Kr Ion Laser Power Supply Schematics
The circuit is split into two sections: the isolated external loop which is connected to the remote interface connector on the front of the PSU and the non-isolated inner loop which is connected to the HT (AC line) supply. The two loops are linked by opto-couplers OK1 and OK2. Initially the outer loop is inactive and all regulation takes place wit
Home-Built Dye Laser
Home-Built Nitrogen (N2) Laser
The nitrogen (N2) laser produces intense extremely short (a few ns) intense (100 kW typical) pulses of light in the near UV portion of the E/M spectrum (337. 1 nm). Despite this impressive capability, the N2 laser is among the easiest to construct for the following reasons: Mirrors are NOT required. The gain of the lasing medium (N2) is so high tha
Complete SS Laser Power Supply Schematics
This chapter contains circuit diagrams for several power supplies for pulsed solid state lasers. These include units suitable for driving the popular Hughes ruby and YAG rangefinder laser assemblies as well, one using the flash from a disposable pocket camera, and a high energy flashlamp power supply for that 8 inch long surplus NOVA laser rod you
Multi-Purpose Digital Laser Sensor
Laser Disc Player Modification
Many of us who invested in Prologic decoders are now looking at Dolby Digital. New formats like DSS, DVD-Video and High Definition Television incorporate this new technology; but what about the old laserdisc format After all, more than 600 laserdiscs feature Dolby Digital/AC-3 audio. For those people who do not currently have the AC-3 RF output...
Laser Diode Circuit
Unlike LED light, a laser`s light output is more concentrated, meaning it has a smaller and more narrow viewing angle. This means it must be directed at its source more directly in order to be picked up. Laser light is also monochromatic, meaning laser light isn`t composed of several lights combined together, but one light of the same wavelength a
This circuit is a laser alarm system like the one we see in various movies. It uses a laser pointer beam to secure your valuables and property. Essentially, when the beam gets interrupted by a person, animal or object, the resistance of a photodiode will increase and an alarm will be activated. The laser and the receiver can be fitted in same box,
Compact DWDM laser Temperature Control with the MAX8521
Compact thermal control solution for DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) laser modules can be made using a MAX8520/21 and a single op amp..
Interfacing the DS1859 Digitally Controlled Resistors to the MAX3735 Laser Driver
This article describes three options for interfacing the DS1859 to the MAX3735. Itincludes a new technique using an opamp that gives a linear transfer function that can be adjusted for any arbitrary current range. All of these techniques can be appl..
LASER BURGLAR ALARM CIRCUIT
This circuit alarms whenever someone cross the Laser beam transmitted from a LASER. The output of IC TL071 goes high whenever their is no Light(Laser) Ray. This output voltage is further amplified by means of a NPN transistor Q2, which will drive the buzzer and generates an alarm. As i mentioned above, you can use an ordinary Laser as Transmitter
800w soft start light dimmer
The zener provides a constant voltage of 20 V to unijunction transistor Ql, except at the end of each half-cycle of the input when the line voltage drops to zero. Initially, the voltage across capacitor Cl is zero and capacitor C2 cannot charge to trigger Ql. Cl will begin to charge, but because the voltage is low, C2 will be charged to a voltage
The motor controller is a custom built box that is a combination of custom printed circuit boards, the Pico Systems Universal Stepper Controller card, gecko G320 motor drives and internal power supply. The motor controller also links to the servos which require DC power and motor encoders, as well as limit switches which detect when the table its
laser controller circuit
Development of the whole system required an exhaustive identification of all processes of the laser controller. I started with this diagram which outlines the major physical components that will be used for the cnc laser. The laser has a power supply, a db-25 connector which reports various states of the laser, gas lines which are controlled by so
3D Laser Scanner
The red laser line slowly sweeps the object (here a Fabuland lamb head). Behind the scanned object, two planes with a 90 ° angle provide reference to the scanning software. They are also marked with regularly spaced black dots that serve during the calibration process that inform scanning software of webcam characteristics, field of view, optics...
Diode Laser Synopsis
PULSED MODULATED LASER
Boards are powered by two 9volt alkaline batteries. Circuits are a compilation of circuits found in the Radio Shack Engineering Handbook for making pulse modulated LED transmitters and receivers. The laser diode "D1" is substituted with an inexpensive laser pointer pen available at most hardware stores, K-Mart, Wall Mart, etc The transmitter board
RS-232 Laser Transceiver
This project is designed for the entry level laser experimenter. The circuit allows any two computers with serial (RS-232) communication capability to communicate over 200 meters using a laser beam. A low cost transmitter only circuit is also presented here for use in one way communication and other laser based projects. If you are like me and...
A laser pulser using the same laser diode LI does. I made the pulser so it could be adjusted from 50 to 20, 000ppm. I tested that on my LIs and rx65, they only alert to pulses from about 100 to 200ppm. I also wonder if my pulsure would work as a jammer if I turned the frequency all the way up, sort of like an old brute force jammer that worked...
Radar Detector Laser Jammer
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial