Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
DIY PMA alternator
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Probe for LCD Backlight
Figure 1s circuitry meets the discussed requirements. It signal conditions a commercially available clip-on current probe with a precision amplifier to provide 1% measurement accuracy to 10MHz. The clip-on probe provides convenience, even in the presence of the high common voltages noted. The current probe biases A1, operating at a gain of...
LCD Backlight circuits
A practical, efficient LCD backlight design is a classic study of compromise in a transduced electronic system. Every aspect of the design is interrelated, and the physical embodiment is an integral part of the electrical circuit. The choice and location of the lamp, wires, display housing and other items have a major effect on electrical...
PIC16C5x Microcontrollers as LCD Drivers
The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) is a thin layer of Liquid Crystal Material deposited between two plates of glass. The raw LCD is often referred to as glass. Electrodes are attached to both sides of the glass. One side is referred to as common or backplane, while the other side is referred to as segment.
PIC MCUs to an LCD Module
This application note interfaces a midrange PICmicro device to a Hitachi LM032L LCD character display module, with a two line by twenty character display. LCD modules are useful for displaying text information from a system. In large volume applications, the use of custom LCD displays becomes economical. The routines provided should be a...
LCD Bias and Backup Supply
The LT®1316, a micropower step-up DC/DC converter with peak switch current control, meets these needs. The device draws 33mA quiescent current and contains a 0.6W, 30V switch that can be programmed for a maximum peak current between 30mA and 600mA with an external resistor. It also has a low-battery detector that remains active in...
LCD 7 digit HF counter
The resistor between basis and collector (around 47k) is to be individually set according transistor characteristics. Without PIC in socket at the collector should be 2.5 V.
The circuit in Figure 1 provides ±18 to ±20V adjustable LCD bias voltages with 1% tracking accuracy. The circuit operates from a single 4.2 to 2.5V Li-ion cell for portable monochrome LCD applications. The circuit comprises two blocks: a negative-bias supply using the LT1611 inverting switching regulator and a positive-bias supply using the...
Ultracompact LCD Backlight
Figure 9 is a detailed schematic of Figure 8s concept. The resonance loop is comprised of Q4 and the CMOS inverter based oscillator. The amplitude loop centers around the LT1375 switching regulator. Figure 10 shows waveforms. Traces A and B are Q2 and Q1 gate drives, respectively. Resultant Q1 and Q2 drain responses are traces C and D.
An LCD requires an ac electric field to excite the organic compound in the display. Applying a dc voltage could permanently damage the LCD. The circuit in Figure 1 is a simple configuration to test the performance of an LCD. The circuit produces biphase square waves with negligible dc content. The circuit is based on a CD40106 hex...
Ultra Low Power LCD Indicator
This circuit serves as an ultra-low power replacement for multiple LED on-off indicators. It also has the advantage of being easy to read in full daylight. With the parts shown, it is possible to display four bits of information. The display that I used has three digits and 2 decimal points for a total of 23 segments. Different groupings of...
Switched Mode Power Supply for LCD Monitor
This application note describes a complete flyback switched mode power supply that uses a Fairchild Power Switch. The MOSFET and its control IC are built into one package. The MOSFET is in fact a SenseFET. Various protection features are also included. Fairchild Power Switch can enhance the reliability and productivity of the system when...
Mobile MP3 Player PC
The CPU is an AMD K5 running 75 MHz. Theres 16 meg ram, and the operating system is Linux (Red Hat 5.2). MPG123 handles the MP3 decoding, and I wrote a control program in Perl. I built the remote control in an old Blaupunkt CD-changer remote case which I emptied completely. It now has a backlit 40x2 LCD and a PIC 16F84 microcontroller. It...
10MHz DDS Sine/Square Function Generator AD9835
An extremely simple and low cost Sine/Square wave generator based on the Analog Devices AD9835 Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS) Generator chip. The frequency can be set for any frequency from 1Hz to 10MHz in 1Hz resolution steps! All this with three push buttons and a novel "sliding window" LED display.
A PIC16F84 based CW Decoder
I propose a simple CW decoder wich makes use of a PIC16F84 microprocessor with a 16x2 chars LCD display. It is equipped with an audio frequency input from your receiver, an input for a stright key and an audio output locked to the input signal. It automatically adapts itself to the CW rate and may be employed for learning purpose substituting...
Sega 3D glass interfacing
This documents ties to clear out one method for connecting Sega 3D glasses to PC serial port for cheap PC virtual reality. This who do no not know what those Sega 3D glasses are. Sega designed special glasses for it`s video game console to be able to produce 3D video games. Those glasses used LCD shutter method for producing 3D images. In this...
LC meter 16x1 LCD Display
This is one of the most accurate and simplest LC inductance / capacitance Meters that one can find, yet one that you can easily build yourself. This LC Meter allows to measure incredibly small inductances starting from 10nH to 1000nH, 1uH to 1000uH, 1mH to 100mH and capacitance from 0.1pF up to 900nF. LC Meter`s circuit uses an auto ranging...
Interfacing Alphanumeric LCD To Microcontroller
The link shows how to inteface Alphanumeric LCD to 8051 Microcontroller. Liquid Crystal Display also called as LCD is very helpful in providing user interface as well as for debugging purpose. The most common type of LCD controller is HITACHI 44780 which provides a simple interface between the controller & an LCD. These LCD's are very simple to...
Cash Register circuit
The Electronic Cash Register (ECR) keeps track of sales transactions quickly and effectively. An abundance of PLUs (Price Look Ups) and department keys accommodate a variety of merchandise items. This means a faster, more accurate check out process and the ability to manage a wider variety of goods and services more efficiently. And with...
Components Tester with AT89C52
This Project Components tester can be used to check the electronic components such us Diode, Transistor, Capacitor, IC555, IC741 and Continuity. The whole circuit was controlled by the Microcontroller AT89C52. The circuit has an LCD display it was used to display the Text messages over it. The system will display the conditions of the device on...
LCD Caller ID with AT89C2051
This Project can be used in home, shops, offices etc. It keeps tracking of both Incoming and Outgoing Calls. It has a built in Caller ID. The incoming and the dialed numbers are displayed on the LCD display. The system will display the numbers over the LCD display.
Wireless Data Communication system
This project is used to communicate or transmit a text message from one place to another place through wireless. The text message is encrypted by using the Microcontroller and the encrypted message was transmitted through wireless. At the receiver end the signal was received by the standard receiver and the analog signal was fed to the...
5W PLL FM Transmitter (PIC16F627A)
The transmitter includes RDS/SCA input and Audio/MPX input with optional preemphasis. It can be used with or without stereo encoder. Tuning over the FM band is provided by two buttons that control dual-speed PLL. The transmitter can work also without the LCD display. Some experience with building devices of this kind are highly recommended....
serial interface with 2X16 LCD display
The 040904C version of the code has a larger UART receive buffer and supports two pushbuttons that send either and ASCII "R" ($52) or an ASCII carriage Something to keep in mind when using AVR controllers that support 16 bit addressing(specifically, the ATTINY2313/AT90S2313 only has an 8 bit stack pointer, while some others have 16 bit stack...
G1216B1N000 dot graphics display
A serial interface and bias supply for the Seiko-Epson G1216N000 using an AT90S2313 because there just aren't enough applications examples for this display on the web. The display is a pretty old transflective gray mode TN LCD design with ok, but not great contrast. Its contrast is better than the screen shot above. The display's saving grace is...
Wireless LCD Display (AT90S2313)
Its an adaptation of the 2X 16 LCD project, by adding a fettite loop antenna, two resistors, and a capacitor. Here the display shows the output of the 10 bit scanning voltmeter with Minimum Mass Wireless Coupler. Both the ferrite loop antenna and the scanning voltmeterare described elsewhere on this site.
5W Chinese PLL FM Transmitter With LCD Printed Circuit Board (PCB)
Here's PLL FM transmitter circuit from china. This circuit uses the familiar 2SC1971 for final power amplifier stage. The PLL controller of the FM transmitter use SAA1057 and PIC16F628 (download HEX file).
LCD to a PC Parallel Port
The circuit is pretty simple. The data lines on the LCD match up well with the data lines of the parallel port, and extra parallel port I/O lines can be used to simulate the RS, R/W, and E signals on the LCD. The LCD module is pretty low-lower (with the exception of the backlight), so I found that it can be powered from most parallel ports. It...
Digital LCD thermometer ( PIC16F871 )
The circuit drives the LCD pins with 50% square waves. Each segment on this LCD is connected to the COM backplane and a separate pin. When a pin is driven in phase with the COM pin, the corresponding LCD segment gets zero voltage, and is off. When a pin is driven in reverse of the COM pin, the corresponding segment gets an alternating voltage,...
serial LCD interface for PIC
If you are developing applications for the PIC mcu, and miss debugging tools, or don't have enough I/O pins for a parallel LCD interface in your design, this serial interface can help printing debug messages and/or reduce the pin count. This version uses a Hitachi HD44780 compatible LCD module in 4-bit mode.
Security Lock with keypad and LCD (PIC16F84A)
Finally I was able to control an LCD Hitachi display and a 12-key matrix keypad with only one 16F84 or 16F628. In a near future, I will be able to control a full QUERTY-type keyboard and a LCD display. The biggest improvement on this projects was the compatibility with the Microchip PIC 16F84 and the 16F628, also the 16x1 or the 8x1 LCD Hitachi...
LCD digital Clock using PIC16F628
The reason why I'm using a LCD display is because it allow me to display many characters and it doesn't need to be "refreshed" as 7-segment Led displays. Also, the interface requieres less I/O pins. For this project I used a 16x1 LCD Display with 4-bits interface.
Remote IR controller
This unit provide 2 way IR communications using a numeric keypad and an LCD display. Data is sent and recieved in ASCII with no regard to what the data means to any particular device. The ASCII data still needs some form of encoding. For this I chose 10-pulse coding of 38Khz IR using a nifty 99 cent receiver chip , TSOP4838 The transmitting is...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity