This unit uses switches and resistors to provide a number of current ranges. It allows you to test most of the meters availabl

e at surplus outlets, and without damaging the sensitive movements when you have no idea of internal resistance or full-scale current of the unit. Ml is a multimeter set to measure current, and M2 is the meter-under-test. Starting with SI set at the maximum resistance and S2 open, decrease the resistance setting of SI, fine tuning with R12, until M2 reads full scale. Then, read Ml. It will tell you the full-scale current for the unknown meter. As the meters are connected in series, the same current flows through both. Now, close S2 and adjust R14 and R15 until M2 reads exactly mid-scale and Ml reads the same current as determined earlier to be the maximum current for M2. Half the current is flowing in M2 and half is going through R14 and R15. The voltage drop is the same across the meter and R14 and R15, because they"re in parallel. Thus, the sum of the resistance of Ru and ii5 is the same as the internal resistance of meter M2. If the internal resistance of M2 is less than 470, set R14 at maximum resistance and close S3. Readjust R14. Both R14 and R12 should be linear-taper potentiometers.

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