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AC to DC & DC to DC
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Switching Power Supplies
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Data Bus Circuits
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RF Converter Circuits
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voltage to frequency
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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
DIY PMA alternator
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
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Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Meter Counter Circuits
Universal electronic timer circuit diagram
Figure 1-1 The general-purpose timer once timing of 5 minutes to 18 hours; the timing cycle from 5 minutes to 20 hours; the total time of the timing and the timing to open and
Exposure timer circuit D flip-flops
Exposure timer circuit is shown in Figure D flip-flops, timing can be arbitrarily selected within the 1 ~ 30s. Figure D flip-flop circuit connected to a one-shot, when you need
Conversion using LM555 timer circuit diagram
Explanation Here is a simple circuit diagram frequency (F and V) voltage conversion. It found that the digital frequency meter circuit, the circuit is mainly based on a LM555 t
Frequency electromagnetic RBI timer CD4017
Electromagnetic RBI timer simple structure, low price, high school physics experiment teaching is one of the most widely used instruments. The main disadvantage of the experime
Electrical circuit diagram cycled on and off timer
Electric start and stop the timer circuit diagram shown in the following cycle, LM555 adjustable duty cycle when the base integrated circuits multivibrator, the C3 charge-disch
Long-term electronic timer
The timer includes an oscillator and a counter in an integrated circuit. The timing interval equals the oscillator period multiplied by the number of cycles to be counted. The oscillator frequency depends upon resistor RS and capacitor CX. The number of oscillator cycles to be counted before the counter output changes state is determined by the...
Programmable voltage controlled timer
The ÂµA2240 may easily be configured as a programmable voltage controlled timer with a minimum number of external components. The modulation input (pin 12), which allows external adjustment of the input threshold level. A variable voltage is applied from the arm of a 10 k ohm potentiometer connected from Vcc to ground. A change in the modulation...
Thumbwheel programmable interval timer
Switch programmable on/off or interval timer, has three relay-switched outputs. Output one is active for the duration of time 1, output two is active for the duration of time 2, and output three is active for the duration of both one and two. Timing data is input through 6 BCD-encoded thumbwheel switches. Three SPST switches inform the WD-55 to...
Many applications, such as computers, require signals for initializing conditions during start-up. Other applications such as test equipment require activation of test signals in sequence. SE555/NE555 circuits may be connected to provide such sequential control
By utilizing both halves of a dual timer it is possible to obtain sequential timing. By connecting the output of the first half to the input of the second half via a 01 ÂµF coupling capacitor sequential timing may be obtained. Delay ti is determined by the first half and ta by the second half delay. The first half of the timer is started by...
0.1 To 90 second timer
The timer interval starts when power is applied to circuit and terminates when voltage is applied to load. 2N2646 is used in oscillator which pulses base 2 of D5K
By utilizing both halves of the dual timer it is possible to obtain sequential timing. By connecting the output of the first half to the input of the second half via a 01 Âµ-F coupling capacitor, sequential timing may be obtained. Delay ti is determined by the first half and h by the second half delay. The first half of the timer is started by...
Precision solid state time delay circuit
Time delays from 0 milliseconds to over three minutes are possible with this circuit without using a tantalum or electrolytic capacitor. The timing interval is initiated by applying power to the circuit. At the end of the timing interval, which is determined by the value of R1C1, the 2N494C fires the controlled rectifier. This places the supply...
The ac line-operated on/off controller is a simple, reliable solid-state alternative to a motive driven cam switch. Time 1 and time 2 are programmed by diodes to be 8 hours and 20 hours respectively. The TIM1 output is buffered by a transistor to supply gate current to a triac which switches the output load
Press SI. The 100 ÂµF electrolytic capacitor rapidly charges up at about 0 V. The transistor will be forward biased, and collector current will flow operating the relay. Release SI. The capacitor will begin to discharge via the 33 K resistor at the base of the transistor. When the voltage across the capacitor gets down to half a volt or so, the...
Rl and R2 hold the inverting input at half supply voltage. R4 applies feedback to increase the input impedance at pin 3. Pin 3, the nonin-verting input, is connected to the junction of R3 and C. After the switch is opened, C charges via R3. When the capacitor has charged sufficiently for the potential at pin 3 to exceed that at pin 2 the output...
The timer can be used wherever time periods of up to seven minutes duration are needed. To turn on just touch the turn-on plate, and after the selected time has elapsed, an alarm will sound for a short period, then automatically turn off. The turn-on touch plate, labeled TP in the diagram, is made up of two metal strips about 1/16-inch apart....
Using one current source for tbe charge and discharge path in this circuit ensures identical rise and fall times at the capacitor terminal. A Darlington pair ensures identical biasing of the IC during the charge and discharge cycles. The period of the triangle wave is: T=0.46VC1/R2.
When configured as a free-running multivibrator, a 555 timer provides no more than a 50% duty cycle. By adding two transistors, however, you can obtain a variable 5 to 95% duty cycle without changing the sum of the on and off times. When VouT decreases, Ql is on and Q2 is off, disconnecting V + while timing capacitor C2 discharges into...
The timer circuit shown gives independent control of the output"s on and off intervals, which can range from 0.055 seconds to 30 minutes, relatively unaffected by power-line transients. IC1 is a CMOS programmable-timer chip that includes 24 ripple-binary counter stages; the first eight are bypassed when logic 1 is applied to pin 6. Then, a...
When used as a stand-alone device, ZN1034E from Ferranti can provide timed intervals ranging from 1 second to 19 days, although the rc time constant is only 220 seconds. The ZN1034E includes an internal voltage regulator, an oscillator, and a 12-stage binary counter. The total delay time provided by the counter is 4095 times the oscillator...
This simple circuit consists of only two timing components Rr and Cr, the NE555, and bypass capacitor C2. While not essentiaHor operation, C2 is recommended for noise immunity. During standby, the trigger input terminal is held higher than 1/3 Vee and the output is low. When a trigger pulse appears with a level less than 1/3 Vce, the timer is...
When Sl is off, Cl charges to within 0.5 V of the battery voltage through diode Dl and resistor R4. When Sl is closed, tbe anode of tbe PUT rises to the positive supply voltage. The PUT does not conduct, because battery voltage appears in series with tbe charge stored on Cl, which raises the gate of the PUT to a level positive with respect to...
This timer can be inserted in a power line to provide a controllable delay before a load is energized. The mains voltag
Transmit Time Limiter
This circuit prevents making transmissions that are too long, which "time out" repeaters and/or tie up a communicatio
Long-Interval Programmable Timer
Using an RC oscillator, an up to 24-stage ripple counter O) 16777216 or 2U, and a 0.1-Hz count-rate with #
Programmable Timer For Long Intervals
By using an RC oscillator and a programmable divider, this counter can run for hours. An interval osc
The watchdog timer contains a counter, IC3, in addition to the usual retriggerable 555 timer, ICl. The counter will so
LEDs indicate at a glance what the status of the circuit is at any given moment. Once the reset switch, SI, makes contact,
Long-Duration Time Delay
Transistor Ql and resistors Rl, R2, and R3 form a constant current source and the charge current might be adjusted
This circuit operates in the astable mode and at the end of the first period (up to several minutes), it produces a tone.
Watch Tick Timer Circuit
This circuit adapts a frequency counter to measure intervals. It was originally used as a shutter speed checker for a photo application. The watch ticks are clipped and shaped and formed into a square wave. This square wave is used to gate an accurately known clock (1-MHz TTL XTAL OSC) and an external counter is used to directly count the clock...
Frequency Meter Circuits
VU Meter Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity