Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Meter Counter Circuits
Scoring Game Circuit
You can play this game alone or with your friends. The circuit comprises a timer IC, two decade counters and a display driver along with a 7-segment display. The game is simple. As stated above, it is a scoring game and the competitor who scores 100 points rapidly (in short steps) is the winner. For scoring, one has the option of pressing either...
The Link telephone intercom is designed around two ICs. The first, IC1, is an NE 556 dual timer chip, which is wired up to provide dial tone, ring tone (busy tone too, which will be explained along with a few add-ons to be mentioned later on) and ring pulses for the ringer circuit attached to each line circuit. The other chip, IC 2, is a CD...
Multiplexing LED Drive and a 4x4 Keypad
Typically applications having LEDs and keypads also keep track of real-time, in order to synchronize certain related events. An Industrial Clock/Timer example has been used in this application note as a demonstration of these functions. The software overhead to keep track of real time is minimal and the user can modify the code to...
Switch Mode Battery Eliminator with PIC16C72A
The system makes use of the A/D to read the input and output voltages, the Capture/Compare/Pulse module to generate a PWM output, and Timer2 to regulate how fast the program runs. External hardware includes a switching power converter and a suitable output filter. Six LEDs on PORTB indicate the output voltage as set by two push buttons on...
555 timer as a switch-mode power supply
Most switch-mode power supplies rely on a PWM (pulse-width-modulated) output that is controlled via voltage feedback. A 555-timer IC can inexpensively perform PWM. The circuit in Figure 1 shows how to turn a 555 PWM circuit into an switch-mode power supply with only one simple equation. The design uses two 555s. IC1, in astable mode, triggers...
555 voltage-to-time converter
The circuit in Figure 1 is a simple, low-cost voltage-to-time converter using the ubiquitous 555 timer chip. You can use the IC`s monostable multivibrator as a voltage-to-time converter by connecting the analog-voltage input to the charging resistor, R, instead of connecting R to VCC. With this modification, the timer chip`s output-timing cycle,...
Motorcycle Alarm schematic
This circuit features an intermittent siren output and automatic reset. It can be operated manually using a key-switch or a hidden switch; but it can also be wired to set itself automatically when you turn-off the ignition. By adding external relays you can immobilize the bike, flash the lights etc. Ron has used my Asymmetric Timer as the basis...
Water Activated Alarm
The circuit uses a 555 timer wired as an astable oscillator and powered by the emitter current of the BC109C. Under dry conditions, the transistor will have no bias current and be fully off. As the probes get wet, a small current flows between base and emitter and the transistor switches on. A larger current flows in the collector circuit...
CA4060B Timer Circuits
No description available.
Colour Shifting LED`s
These circuits provide a means of altering the YELLOW output of RED / GREEN type two colour light emitting diodes. These circuits use the LM555 timer chip.
Phototransistor 555 Timer
This page shows three circuits for using the 555 timer IC as a photocell controlled train detector. The circuit is shown driving light emitting diodes but any load of less than 200 milliamps could be used. Shown on the schematic is a secondary output that uses the open collector at the DISCHARGE terminal (Pin 7) of the timer. This...
Incandescent LED Circuit
This circuit when used with a 555 timer will cause light emitting diodes to turn on and off more slowly. This will make the LEDs appear similar to incandescent lamps.
LM555 LED Blinkers
The circuit uses independent timers to flash two light emitting diodes. Any time that light emitting diode D1 is lit__light emitting diode D2 will be switched off. Light emitting diode D3 is on if both D1 and D2 are off. Two versions of the circuit are shown. The second circuit uses fewer components by taking advantage of the bipolar...
Timer LM555 Circuits
The following are LM555 timer circuits that have unusual functions. Designed to time a sports event; In this circuit the GREEN output is adjusted to be on for 3 minutes and then the RED output is set for 1 minute in a repeating cycle. Each time the light changes a buzzer will sound for about 2 seconds.
alarm using PIC16F628-04
This article describes a 2-Input alarm developed on the PIC LICK-1 Module using a Microchip PIC16F628-04. The program uses the internal 4MHz oscillator and if any other frequency is used, the timer values will need to be changed. A two zone alarm means the system has two separate detection circuits and can identify which circuit was triggered....
This circuit will supply up to about 20ma at 12 volts. It uses capacitive reactance instead of resistance; and it doesn`t generate very much heat.The circuit draws about 30ma AC. Always use a fuse and/or a fusible resistor to be on the safe side. The values given are only a guide. There should be more than enough power available for timers,...
This circuit will remove the transient spikes and contact bounces from a non-latching push button switch. Using a 555 timer as a monostable circuit, it is easy to build a good switch debouncer circuit. There are many circuits for SPDT debouncing, but not many for a normally open, push-to-make press button switch (PBS). The 555 monostable gives...
Zener Diode Tester
Using a single 555 Timer IC and a small transformer to generate a high voltage, this circuit will test zener diodes of voltage ratings up to 50VDC. The 555 timer is used in the astable mode, the output at pin3 drives a small audio transformer such as the LT700. This has a primary impedance of 1K and a secondary impedance of 8 ohms. Used in...
5 to 30 Minute Timer
A switched timer for intervals of 5 to 30 minutes incremented in 5 minute steps. Simple to build, simple to make, nothing too complicated here. However you must use the CMOS type 555 timer designated the 7555, a normal 555 timer will not work here due to the resistor values. Also a low leakage type capacitor must be used for C1, and I would...
A switched timer with equal make and equal space periods timing adjustable from over 6 minutes to 38 minutes. This timer circuit is similar to the 5 to 30 minute timer except that when switch S1 is closed, the on/off action of the circuit will continue indefinately until S1 is opened again. A 7555 time and low leakage type capacitor for C1 must...
sound detector switch
When the 555 ic goes into timing mode (triggered by an output signal from the sound detector amplifier,) the timer`s output (pin 3) is set into HIGH for a duration set by C2, and R2. adjusting R1 will adjust how long it listens, from 10 seconds all the way down to 2/10ths of a second. this could be used to listen for hand claps.
Turns-off your amplifier when idle for 15 minutes Fed by amplifier tape-output. This circuit turns-off an amplifier or any other device when a low level audio signal fed to its input is absent for 15 minutes at least. Pushing P1 the device is switched-on feeding any appliance connected to SK1. Input audio signal is boosted and squared by IC2A...
This timer was designed for people wanting to get tanned but at the same time wishing to avoid an excessive exposure to sunlight. A Rotary Switch sets the timer according to six classified Photo-types .
The purpose of this circuit is to power a lamp or other appliance for a given time (30 minutes in this case), and then to turn it off. It is useful when reading at bed by night, turning off the bedside lamp automatically in case the reader falls asleep... 30 minutes operation Blinking LED signals 6 last minutes before turn-off
LED Countdown Timer with AT89C2051
A simple count-down LED timer that counts in minutes and seconds. Three buttons below the LED provide control of the unit, allowing you set the desired countdown time in minutes and seconds and a start/stop button. Completion of the countdown is indicated by an alarm that starts when the countdown has finished and the display reads zero.
555 timer Pulse generator
Pulse Generator kit will generate a frequency in KHz which can form a good test gear project. This kit is based on the classic LM555 timer IC. Input - 12 VDC Max @ 40 mA. Range - jumper selectable and preset tunable range of 1 Hz to 180 KHz. Power-On LED indicator. Terminal pins for easy connection. Four mounting holes of 3.2 mm each. PCB...
Garden timer circuit with CD4000
The resulting timer circuit is made from a CD4060, includes an oscillator and a 14 stage binary counter, two CD4040's, which are 12 stage binary counters, a CD4012 Dual Nand gate and a CD4013 Dual D Latch. The CD4060 is connected to a 32768 Hz ECS 3X8 tuning form crystal. The 10 Meg Ohm resistor between CD4060 pins 10 and 11 are to bias the...
Count Down Timer Relay with 555
The 555 is configured in the standard astable oscillator circuit designed to give a square wave cycle at a period of around 1 cycle/sec. A potentiometer is included in the design so the period can be set to exactly 1 second by timing the LED flashesc. A jumper connection is provided so the LED can be turned off. As soon as power is applied to...
Light timer switch with PIC12F629
This is a lamp timer capable of operating two separate relay switches. Outputs can be in three (or restricted to two) states: OFF, delayed ON and constant ON. Delayed ON mode is indicated by the LEDs. The source code is easily customizable for your needs: set your desired delay time or disable constant ON state. press the button once to turn on...
Greenhouse irrigation controller ( PIC16F84 )
This is a simple one-valve irrigation controller made for our greenhouse. The code contains a software real-time clock (RTC) and a multiplexed 8-digit LED display and keyboard you can use in other projects. The operating software is simple, it contains a real-time clock and a day counter. The valve is turned on in regular intervals in the same...
68HC11 as a Digital Timer
The timer is proposed an effective model for controlling an external load 8A/380V. Equipped with a 68HC11 mu.P associated with an 8 MHz crystal, it can get very precise programmable durations. Two lines are planned: from 0 to 99 seconds and from 0 to 99 minutes. Both displays allow programming in conjunction with a 4-button keypad. They also...
Count Down Timer with PIC16F84A
The choice of material to read or drive is the definition of three digits (Bit), RA0, 1,2 PORTA of the PIC at the entrance of 74HC138A. To select a material for reading or driving an output of 78HC138 is '0 '(Low), forcing the transistor (2SA1015) to conduct and thus is the material with the feet of PORTB. This function ensures that there will...
Frequency Meter Circuits
VU Meter Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial