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AC to DC & DC to DC
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Switching Power Supplies
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8051 / 8052
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H Bridge Circuit
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Meter Counter Circuits
converter voltmeter to frequency meter
This is design circuit for converter meter voltage to frequency. Normally we often encountered the frequency meter can be used in speed sensor, tachometer, measurement or signal recurring. This frequency to voltage converter (FVC) can be used to change the voltage into a digital or analog tachometer. Circuit that is consists of three blocks. The f
digital voltmeter circuit
This is a design circuit for digital voltmeter circuit. The integrated circuit ICL7107 is a 3-1/2 digit LED A/D convertor. It contains an internal voltage reference, high isolation analog switches, sequential control logic, and the display drivers. The auto-zero adjustment mechanism ensures zero reading for 0 volts input. The circuit is classic de
digital led voltmeter circuit
This is a design circuit for digital voltmeter with LED display. It`s ideal to use for measuring the output voltage of your DC power supply. It includes a 3. 5-digit LED display with a negative voltage indicator. It measures DC voltages from 0 to 199. 9V with a resolution of 0. 1V. The voltmeter is based on single ICL7107 chip and may be fitted...
Led voltmeter circuit
connecting voltmeter and ammeter
Voltmeter, Ammeter, Watt meter and Energy meter are four pillars of electrical energy and are most important devices used in electrical engineering field. You can`t imagine any application in electrical engineering without voltage, current, energy and power measurement. Voltmeter, Ammeter, Watt meter and Energy meter connections and basics are
arduino 4 channel LCD voltmeter
An Arduino voltmeter that displays voltage on an LCD display. The voltmeter has 4 channels for measuring four different voltages..
A four channel voltmeter that displays voltage readings in a software application running on a computer. An Arduino reads the voltages, and sends them to an application written in the Processing language..
mini digital voltmeter.
low power led battery voltmeter
This is a low power voltmeter circuit that can be used with alternative energy systems that run on 12 and 24 volt batteries. The voltmeter is an expanded scale type that indicates small voltage steps over the 10 to 16 volt range for 12 volt batteries and over the 22 to 32 volt range for 24 volt batteries. Power consumption can be as low as 14mw wh
universal high resistance voltmeter
The full-scale deflection of the universalhigh-input-resistance voltmetercircuit shown in the figuredepends on the function switch positionas follows: The term IFS in the aboveequations refers to meter`s fullscaledeflection current rating inamperes. It must be noted that neithermeter resistance nor diode voltagedrops affects meter current. A high-i
digital voltmeter circuit diagram
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analog milliamp meter used as voltmeter
A milliamp meter can be used as a volt meter by adding a series resistance. The resistance needed is the full scale voltage reading divided by the full scale current of the meter movement. So, if you have a 1 milliamp meter and you want to read 0-10 volts you will need a total resistance of 10/.001 = 10K ohms..
Digital Voltmeter of your Own
How to build a voltmeter for DC voltage measurements without using multimeter testing This is a simple digital voltmeter circuit that can measure voltages from 0V to 9V. The main part of this circuit is a dot bar display driver IC LM3914. Input voltage applied to this IC generates an output which is converted into a binary value by the priority en
Balanced Bridge Voltmeters
Such voltmeters can be used for measurement of both dc and ac voltages and are very popular. These voltmeters are available in both versions, vacuum tube type and transistorized type and are described below: In this instrument two identical triodes T1 and T2 are used. Plate voltage is applied to both of the triodes through two, identical resistors
This type of voltmeter is very common because of its low cost. This instrument can be used only to measure voltages of the order of milli-volts owing to limited amplifier gain. The circuit diagram for a direct coupled am plifier dc voltmeter using cascaded transistors is shown in figure. An attenuator is used in input stage to select voltage...
Digital voltmeter using ICL7107
The circuit given here is of a very useful and accurate digital voltmeter with LED display using the ICL7107 from Intersil. The ICL7107 is a high performance, low power, 3. 5 digit analog to digital converter. The IC includes internal circuitry for seven segment decoders, display drivers, reference voltage source and a clock. The power dissipation
High impedance DC voltmeter
A high impedance DC voltmeter using a uA741 IC is shown here. The operational amplifier is used as a non-inverting DC amplifier in which the negative feedback is through a DC meter requiring 1mA for full scale deflection. Since R6 is 100 Ohms, the meter will show full scale reading when the DC input voltage to pin3 is equal to the voltage drop acr
RMS Reading Voltmeter
RMS value of the sinusoidal waveform is meas ured by the average reading voltmeter of which scale is calibrated in terms of rms value. This method is quite simple and less expensive. But sometimes rms value of the non-sinusoidal waveform is required to be measured. For such a measurement a true rms reading voltmeter is required. True rms reading v
Digital voltmeter using 8051 microcontroller AT89S51 with circuit diagram and software
Simple 0-5 digital voltmeter using 8051 (AT89S51 microcontroller) with circuit diagram and assembly language ASM code. Simple digital voltmeter..
Led display digital Voltmeters
Tonal Electrostatic Voltmeter Device
An excellent way to provide continuous and direct indication of ESV readings in even a large lecture hall is to combine this instrument with a tonal voltmeter (TVM). The TVM puts out an audible tone of constant amplitude, with the frequency related to the voltage reading. To integrate the TSV with the ESV, the ESV must have bipolar analog output.
LED voltmeter schematic needed
Hello, I need a simple to make LED based (not 7-segment) voltmeter to monitor the voltage of a variable supply. I have found this circuit..
Simple Voltmeter schematic using Maxims ADC with LED driver
Using MAX1496 an ADC with LED drivers, you can make your own 3 1/2 digit voltmeter with just a handful of components. It even has external/internal Vref, HOLD and PEAK as well as 200mV, 2V rangs..
Digital Voltmeter and Ammeter Using CA3161E and CA3162E
1N4001 a 1Amp Silicon rectifier with voltage range of 50 to 1000 Volts and possessing features such as guaranteed high temperature soldering, high current capability, diffused junction, low reverse leakage, utilizes void-free molded plastic technique for low cost construction, and carries Underwriters Laboratory Flammability Classification
Very simple voltmeter with ic741
This circuit can be used to measure the voltage to 15 volts.Using the current from the battery 9 volt,At 23 mA only. Input circuit has a diode, to protect the..
high resistance voltmeter circuit diagram
A high-input-resistance op-amp, a bridge rectifier, a microammeter, and a few other discrete components are all that are required to realise this versatile circuit. This circuit can be used for measurement of dc, ac rms, ac peak, or ac peak-to-peak voltage by simply changing the value of the resistor connected between the inverting input terminal
Digital Voltmeter for Power Supply
Sensitive RF Voltmeter Probe
Sensitive RF Voltmeter Probe Circuit This Circuit measures RF voltages beyond 200MHz and up to about 5V. PARTS..
PIC16F688 Digital Voltmeter
This project describes how to make a digital voltmeter using a PIC microcontroller. A HD44780 based character LCD is used to display the measured voltage. The PIC microcontroller used in this project is PIC16F688 that has 12 I/O pins out of which 8 can serve as analog input channels for the in-built 10-bit ADC. The voltage to be measured is fed to
Frequency Meter Circuits
VU Meter Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial