Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Meter Counter Circuits
PIC16F688 Digital Voltmeter
This project describes how to make a digital voltmeter using a PIC microcontroller. A HD44780 based character LCD is used to display the measured voltage. The PIC microcontroller used in this project is PIC16F688 that has 12 I/O pins out of which 8 can serve as analog input channels for the in-built 10-bit ADC. The voltage to be measured is fed to
High-impedance voltmeter Analog Integrated Circuits
Digital AC Voltmeter
It started out as a simple unenclosed variac (variable autotransformer) and electrical outlet mounted on a block of wood. I eventually put it in the case of what used to be an old audio signal generator for safety and appearance. Among the other added features, I used a 0-250VAC analog meter that I had on hand to display the output voltage...
LED VoltMeter Circuit
A Simple LED Voltmeter to Monitor the charge level in Lead Acid Battery or Tubular battery. The terminal voltage of the battery is indicated through a four level LED indicators. The nominal terminal voltage of a Lead Acid battery is 13. 8 volts and that of a Tubular battery is 14. 8 volts when fully charged. The LED voltmeter uses four Zener
voltmeter ammeter pic
Voltmeter and Ammeter can be easily made using PIC Microcontroller having ADC (Analog to Digital Converter). I am using PIC16F877A and the result is displayed on an LCD Display. PIC16F877A is enough if you do this project only for testing purposes. I suggest to use PIC with low pin numbers and multiplexed 7 segment display if you wish to use
Led display digital Voltmeter
an easy to build, but nevertheless very accurate and useful digital voltmeter. It has been designed as a panel meter and can be used in DC power supplies or anywhere else it is necessary to have an accurate indication of the voltage present. The circuit employs the ADC (Analogue to Digital Converter) I. C. CL7107 made by INTERSIL. This IC i
Precision Audio Millivoltmeter
Led display digital Voltmeter
Analog Milliamp Meter Used as Voltmeter circuit
A milliamp meter can be used as a volt meter by adding a series resistance. The resistance needed is the full scale voltage reading divided by the full scale current of the meter movement. So, if you have a 1 milliamp meter and you want to read 0-10 volts you will need a total resistance of 10/.001 = 10K ohms..
Digital Voltmeter circuit
The ICL7107 is a 3 1/2 digit LED A/D convertor. It contains an internal voltage reference, high isolation analog switches, sequential control logic, and the display drivers..
Simple pH Meter Adapter for Your Digital Voltmeter
The potentiometer value is not critical: anything from 1 k © to 100 k © is acceptable. If you have built the "precision potentiometer" described earlier in this chapter, it is recommended that you use it in this experiment. Likewise, the actual values of the resistors are not critical. In this particular experiment, the greater the value, the bett
Serial Voltmeter implemented by Guino
Electronic Ammeter and Voltmeter
I found that my sprite, burdened with an extra electrical load from an electric cooling fan, just barely kept the battery charged. My intended solution to this problem is an electronic voltage regulator; however, it seems obvious that, before changing the regulator, I need some way to monitor the charging. Most meters today are digital. They...
HEI + Voltmeter Mercuiser 288 350 SBC
EXPANDED SCALE DC VOLTMETER
When using an analog meter to set the output of a power supply used for testing 12-volt equipment, an expanded voltmeter scale has a decided advantage and accuracy over a linear scale. Figure 1 shows the original meter scale and the expanded scale used in this example. Eref is a 5-volt reference voltage set by the two LM236 reference diodes. Keep
Two-channel DC-SQUID picovoltmeter for the measurement of low-field Hall coefficient
Digital voltmeter circuit diagram composed of ICL7106
Digital voltmeter circuit diagram composed of ICL7117
Digital voltmeter circuit diagram composed of MAX139
Digital voltmeter circuit diagram with single + 5V power supply composed of ICL7107
Intelligent digital voltmeter circuit diagram composed of HI7159A
DIGITAL VOLTMETER CIRCUIT
A basic digital voltmeter circuit using the Harris Semiconductor ICL7107 is shown. It has a 2-V range. Calibration consists of applying a known voltage of 1.2 V to the input and adjusting R3 for a correct reading on the display. Supply is ±5 V, and S1 selects either the supply voltage or an external reference..
AC/DC 3 digits voltmeter circuit
The input stage of this voltmeter circuit uses operational amplifier and diode feedback to form linearity peak value rectifier circuit. Through R2/R2 partial pressure isolation, it is sent to double multi-channel BCD output A/D converter CA3162E, it also can add 0~1V DC tested voltage to CA3162E differential input terminal between ? and ?, If ?...
The LED car voltmeter (2)
Here is to introduce the LED car voltmeter which is made of the op-amp LM312 and LED, it can display 6 gears of voltages, 10-15V, each gear is 1V. The working principle of the circuit The LED car voltmeter consists of the regulator circuit, Vref circuit, sampling voltage circuit and LED display drive circuit, see as figure 7-76. The regulator...
The LED car voltmeter (3)
The LED car voltmeter consists of the filter circuit, voltage distribution filter circuit, voltage amplifier circuit and LED display circuit, see as figure 7-77. The regulator filter circuit consists of the 3-terminal IC1 and filter capacitor C1. The voltage distribution filter circuit consists of the resistors
4 stage voltage detector comparator circuit
Frequency Meter Circuits
VU Meter Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial