RTD thermometer

  
This thermometer is capable of 0.01°C accuracy over - 50°C to +150°C. A unique trim arrangement eliminates cumbersome trim interactions so that zero gain, and nonlinearity correction can be trimmed in one even trip. Extra op amps provide full Kelvin sensing on the sensor without adding drift and offset terms found in other designs. Al is configured as a Howland current pump, biasing the sensor with a fixed current. Resistors R2, R3, R4 and R5 form a bridge driven into balance by Al.
RTD thermometer  - schematic

In balance, both inputs of A2 are at the same voltage. Since R6 = R7, Al draws equal currents from both legs of the bridge. Any loading of the R4/R5 leg by the sensor would unbalance the bridge; therefore, both bridge taps are given to the sensor open circuit voltage and no current is drawn.




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