one wire keypad with PIC16F88

  
This project can be used for many different purposes. Probably the most used application would be to interface to any electronic project that requires a keypad. There are several ready made keypads on the market, but those work with matrix connections and require 7 pins for a 12 button pad. For new programmers, matrix keypads can be a bit tricky to program. My circuit can use from 4 up to 12 push buttons with only one wire connection ( plus ground pin ) making possible to use a small microcontroller like an 8 pin to use this keypad. It's also built in a setup mode where it's possible to change the key output rate. This setting is saved in the microcontroller's memory.
one wire keypad with PIC16F88 - schematic

Another use for this is to, for example, connect to the computer and use it to control applications or even games. For the first time I recommend to connect it to any pc and using the terminal program select 9600 Baud, no parity, 8 for byte size and 1 stop bit. These are the settings for both pc terminal or receiver microcontroller. To enter the Setup mode the S4 button should be pressed and held when turning the power on. The led starts to flash and S1 is used to increase the rate while S2 is used to decrease the rate. The minimum rate is 10ms and the maximum rate is 2550ms. It will increase/decrease 5ms each button press. Pressing and holding S3 will test the setting and will display the rate speed both on led and RS232. Button S4 will save the setting into microcontroller's memory, exit the setup mode and enter the normal mode. In normal mode, when pressing one of the buttons it will flash the led and output the corresponding button number via RS232. I've assembled the minimum button setup ( 4 buttons ) on a breadboard and connected directly to my PC RS232 port. I didn't use any level converter, such a max232, because it normally works very well without it. In some cases it's required to have the level converter. Turned the power on and pushed the buttons. The output was too fast so I turned the power off. I turned on the power again but this time i entered into setup mode. Increased the rate to 200ms and saved the...



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