Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Interfacing DS1307 RTC AVR Microcontroller
Self-made PIC microcontroller programmer circuit
The interface circuit between single-chip accelerometer MMA1220D and microcontroller
The microcontroller within A / D converter can use PIC MCU within A / D converter produced by the Microchip. MMA1220D`s state end and self-test end are connected to the P1, P0 ports of ?C, its output voltage is sent to the A / D converter input end. C1, C2 are the power supply decoupling capacitors. A / D converter`s reference voltage side (...
Microcontroller Based Digital Lock-In Milliohmmeter 2
LC Meter Based on the AVR Microcontroller
PCB exposure box Based on ATmega8 AVR microcontroller
I describe the procedure I followed to build the Box, the Lamp System and the Countdown System which is based on the AVR mega8 microcontroller. Four blacklight lamps, 15W each, emit radiation at the region of UVA, with a peak around 350nm where the thin surface above the copper of the photosensitive board, is. sensitive. The lamps are taken by...
communication with AVR microcontroller
The TRW-24G connector pins is too small (~1mm pin to pin). For that I order the adaptor PCB that is convert the small connector of RF module, to standard pin connector. The pin order of RF modules in schematic diagram is based on pin order of pin adaptor, andnot on pin order of the module`s connector. My circuit is constituted by 2x TRW-24G...
Small TV terminal with ATmega8 microcontroller
When you use microcontrollers in your designs, sometime you face a problem how to show user required data. Several LEDs, 7 segment display or LCD module can be solution. But if you must show a lot of information simultaneously, it can be difficulty. Large LCD modules are expensive and graphic modules require complicated control. You can solve it
Microcontroller projects 1
In 1991, I was very interested on this display but I can`t find one in the town and expensive to import from abroad. But now, it`s everywhere and I can say that this technology is obsolete since the colorful TFT display is easy to find and cheap. The mcu is AT89S51/52, connected to a 128x64 graphic LCD and time keeper DS1302. Many manufacturers pr
Microcontroller projects 2
This module is HC-06 a slave mode serial bluetooth data link. The chips is made by CSR. In this project, my mobile phone will talk to AT89C2051 via HC-06. All the complication has been put in the cage (in the java library and bluetooth module), so what I need to do is just create terminal program for mobile phone written in java (J2ME), and create
Stepper Motor Control No Microcontroller Needed
Stepper motor is a simple way to make a motion control with high precision. A stepper motor control circuit is needed to make stepper motor works. A stepper..
Microcontroller Clocking a Transmitter?
The core of any transmitter is usually an oscillator circuit, and in simple transmitters (i. e. , QRSS devices), it`s often a crystal. Frequency adjustment is accomplished by adjusting capacitance to ground on one of the crystal legs. Simple oscillators such as the Colpitts design (based on an NPN transistor) are often used. (pictured) However...
simplify MCU circuit design
Writing MCU assembly code is often a hard and tedious task. You can simplify software development and gain more time to design the electronics hardware if, instead of manual coding, you use TINA`s Flowchart editor and debugger to generate and debug the MCU code, using just symbols and flow control lines, and then run or debug this code in...
An AVR microcontroller based Ethernet device
Ethernet has traditionally been a quite complex interface. All Ethernet chips until today had 100 pins or more, where difficult to find in small quantities and difficult to use from a small microcontroller with little memory. Microchip has changed the world with their new ENC28J60 Ethernet chip! This opens a whole world of completely new applicati
Phone to Microcontroller interfacing with DTMF
How to interface a microcontroller to the phone line. The tones you hear as you enter numbers on your phone can remotely control devices. Learn how to use these DTMF tones in your microcontroller projects. This article was submitted by Mayank Magoo as part of the Hobby parts for articles program. Mayank received a Arduino compatible Modern...
Arduino Projects and Circuits
PIC Microcontroller Circuits
AVR Microcontroller Circuits
Microcontroller Programmer Circuits
68HC11 Microcontroller Circuits
8051 / 8052 Microcontroller Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial