Four-decade variable oscillator

Posted on Jul 27, 2012

The circuit consists of a variable current source that charges a capacitor, which is rapidly discharged by a Schmitt-trigger comparator. The sawtooth waveform thus produced is fed to another comparator, one with a variable switching level. The output from the second comparator is a pulse train with an independently adjustable frequency and duty cycle. The variable-frequency ramp generator consists of capacitor Cl, which is charged by a variable and nonlinear current source.

Four-decade variable oscillator
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The latter comprises a 2N2907A pnp transistor, plus resistor Rl and the potentiometer R2. Capacitor C2 eliminates any ripple or noise at the base of the transistor that might cause frequency jitter at the output.

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