Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Dual-mode resistorless sinusoidal oscillator using single CCCDTA
MEMS based oscillator for UHF applications with automatic amplitude control
High-performance quadrature sine wave type oscillator circuit
Many RC oscillators use the advanced circuits in the phase shift unit. They use the voltage feedback amplifier, and the gain of the voltage feedback amplifier will reduce sharply in the high frequency, and gain will stop, when it has not reached the high frequency. The difference of the voltage feedback amplifier phase characteristic is the...
Single-junction transistor sine wave oscillator circuit
The single-junction transistor is always used in the sawtooth generator and pulse generator, and it also can form the simple sine wave generation circuit. As an oscillator circuit of the discrete component, it uses fewest components. As the figure shown, compared with the simple single-junction tube remittent oscillator circuit, this circuit adds
27MHz crystal oscillator circuit
The 27MHz crystal oscillator circuit is as shown in the figure. The R1, R2, R3 are the biasing resistor, the C6 is the bypass capacitor, the voltage division circuit is composed of the C1, C3, C4 and C2 to control the oscillation strength. The L1 is the high-frequency choking coil which has the filtering effect. The quartz crystal is in the...
The making circuit of crystal oscillator 80mW F.M. transmitter
The quartz crystal oscillator test circuit diagram
The FM modulation circuit of crystal oscillator
In the figure is the FM modulation circuit of crystal oscillator. FM modulation has direct and indirect FM ways, the direct FM method is to directly change the frequency of the oscillating circuit, it`s simple, but as it is the LC oscillating circuit, the bias is kind of noticeable, and the stability is weak, i.e the frequency is easy to be...
1MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit
The oscillator circuit which is composed of the 1MHz quartz crystal resonator and the NAND gate is as shown in the figure, the NAND gate 3 is the output buffer stage. This circuit can be used to calibrate the standard frequency. Figure 1 The 1MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit..
27MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit
The 27MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit is as shown in figure 1. The biasing circuit is composed of the R1, R2 and R3, C6 is the bypass capacitor. The partial voltage circuit is composed of the C1, C2, C3 and C4 to control the strength of oscillation. L1 is the high-frequency choke coil, it has the role of filtering. Figure 1 The 27MHz...
1024KHz temperature compensation crystal oscillator circuit diagram
This circuit SJT is 1024kHz temperature compensation crystal oscillator. Circuit theoryis asshown. Because output signal level of the circuit is low, the buffer of follow-up transistor VTl is amplified. VTl base bias resistor R2, the load resistor R3, the emitter resistor R4 are the negative feedback resistors for stablizing VTl DC operating...
17Hz three-phase square wave oscillator circuit
1MHz PIERCE OSCILLATORS
Simple network design is a key feature of the Pierce circuit, as these 1-MHz oscillators illustrate.Operating the crystal slightly above resonance (Fig.21-5a) requires only one high-gain transistor stage.Operating it exactly at series resonance (Fig. 21-5b) requires an extra RC phase lag and two transistors which can have lower gain..
1kHz sine wave oscillator(741)
The circuit shown in the chart is 1kHz sine wave oscillator circuit. Basing on the double-T circuit, the circuit using 741ordinary operational amplifier to produce 1000Hz sine wave output. Adjusting 100k? potentiometer will make circuit start oscillation, the oscillation frequency is determined by R1 and R2, and under normal circumstances, the...
555 dual astable multivibrator circuit diagram
The circuit includes two synchronized multivibrators which are composed ofone pair of 555time base circuits. The circuit can output two synchronized pulse signals,and the spacing and frequency can be changed by adjusting the time constant. The circuit is flexible and convenient. When C1=C2=C, the oscillation frequency. The ducy cycle depends on...
Astable Multivibrator with 2 Transistors
This circuit is basically simple and easy to build, it uses two transistors as active components and a few passive components like resistors, capacitors and two LEDs. The circuit makes use of the MPS2222 transistor. You can use any NPN type transistor as the basis of your circuit provided that, the transistors Emitter-Base Voltage is less than...
Astable flip-flop multivibrator circuit
The two parts` component parameters and models of the circuit are corresponding to simultaneously obtain a rectangular wave with duty ratio of 1:1, its frequency f = 0.7/RB ¢ C. RB is Rb1 or Rb2 in the figure, and its upper limit value Rb1 < 0.5?RC1 ; Rb2 < 0.5?RC2, here ? is the transistor collector current amplification factor. The lower lim..
Astable multivibrator circuit diagram
Crystal quartz crystal oscillator circuit using FET
Crystal oscillator works as 51MHz crystal( the third harmonic of 17MHz). According to the different structures, the drain - gate capacitance can be selected between 0.5 to 1.8 pF. L2`s turns are about 20% of the L1. 470 ? source resistor can change the oscillation characteristics..
DARLINGTON TRANSISTOR OSCILLATOR
This oscillator uses a very large capacitance-to-inductance ratio. L1 is a one-tum coil consisting of a loop of #12 wire 12 in diameter. This circuit is useful for metal detectors, etc., where a loop antenna is used..
Fundamental Pierce oscillator circuit
The oscillator uses a fundamental quartz crystal, and the oscillation frequency can be up to 10MHz. Oscillator circuit is tuned to the resonant frequency. Capacitor C requires below 4.7pF, and it is connected to a follower to isolate the quartz crystal circuit..
Hartley oscillator circuit
High-performance quadrature sine wave oscillator
Many RC oscillators use advanced circuit in phase shift unit. It uses a voltage feedback amplifier, of which the gain will get a sharp decline in a higher frequency and stop oscillation before reaching the desired frequency. That is the reason why voltage feedback amplifier has poor phase characteristics. The RC oscillator composed of...
LOW DRIFT 7MHz VFO
Low-drift solid-state design for 40-meter band has maximum change of only 25 Hz from cold start to full warm-up at 25?. After stabilization, maximum hunting is 5 Hz. Drift is minimized by paralleling two or more capacitors in critical parts of circuit. Series-tuned Colpitts oscillator is followed by two buffer stages, with second providing...
NC monostable multivibrator circuit
The NC monostable multivibrator circuit shown in the chart is composed of four 2 input NOR gate CC4001 and 14-bit binary serial counter / divider CC4020. It mainly used as time delay switch or timer in automatic control equipments..
Oscillator circuit diagram with triangle-wave/square wave output
The circuit is composed of lag comparator with A1 and inverting integrator A2, and the charging and discharging time constant is decided by integral resistors (R1+RP1) and the capacitor C1. VD1~VD5 form the limiter circuit. The maximum oscillation frequency is related to swicthing rate of amplifier, when swicthing rate is 10V/? s, in order to...
PIERCE CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR
The JFET Pierce oscillator is stable and simple. It can be the clock of a microprocessor, a digital timepiece or a calculator. With a probe at the output, it can be used as a precise injection oscillator for troubleshooting. Attach a small length of wire at the output and this circuit becomes a micropower transmitter..
Programmable astable multivibrator
Rf driver audio oscillator circuit diagram
As shown in the figure, 555, Rl, RPland C1form thecontrolled audio oscillator, f = 1.44 / ( R1 +2 RP1) C1, the icon parameter frequency isbetween 600Hz ~ 20kHz, and it can beselected by adjusting RP1..
SINGLE TRANSISTOR CODE PRACTICE OSCILLATOR
A 2N366 is configured as an audio feedback oscillator using an audio transformer is shown. Adjust R1 for proper operation and desired audio note..
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial