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A Simple Audio Oscillator
A simple oscillator which may be used for code practice. In order to have sufficient inductance to produce an audio frequency, an iron core transformer such as used in audio transformer-coupled amplifiers is hooked up as shown.
One of the outstanding problems in the design of vacuum-tube oscillators is that of keeping the frequency constant despite mechanical vibrations, temperature changes, voltage variations in the supply lines, and changes in the amount of power taken out of the circuit by the load. The effects of variable loading are greatly reduced by the use of...
Linear-Circuits in U.H.F. Oscillators
The use of a quarter-wave parallel-wire line as a tuning unit has been discussed in the chapter on Short-Lines, where it was pointed out that these " circuits " have comparatively high Q even at the higher frequencies. Their great length ( »/4) prevents their widespread use at lower frequencies. But when the wave-length is only 1 meter or thereabo
Electronic Transformer Coupled Oscillators
Transformer OCL and capacitor C1 form a tank circuit, to which are coupled sufficient turns to drive the grid in the lower left-hand winding. The output circuit is coupled by a separate winding. For good wave shape in such an oscillator, triodes and class B operation are preferable. The ratio of turns between anode and grid circuits is determined
High frequencies are here defined as those above 50, 000 cycles per second. For industrial power supply the Golpitts circuit, Fig. 28-1, or the coupled-grid self-excited oscillator circuit, Fig. 28-2, is most commonly used. In either circuit, the alternating supply voltage is stepped up through a power transformer to some voltage between about...
Transistor Hartley Oscillator
Any vacuum-tube oscillator configuration has an equivalent transistor circuit. For example, consider the vacuum-tube oscillator, illustrated in Fig. 6-1 (A), which represents one form of Hartley oscillator. Positive feedback is accomplished by arranging the resonant tank E to be common to both the input grid and output plate circuits. The...
single-813 crystal oscillator transmitter
Here is the single- 813 crystal oscillator transmitter, designed by RCA and exhibited in their advertisement on the back page of a "QST" magazine in 1938, and published by RCA in their HamTips bulletin, vol. 1, no. 4, dated December 1938. This transmitter`s output is 150 watts of CW or 100 watts of plate-modulated AM telephony. It seems obvious
Local Oscillator Stage
The current draw should be somewhere between 80 and 100 mA. The exact value is very much dependent upon the Si570, the version (CMOS vs LVDS), the frequency setting, and component variations in the circuit. You can test the SW1 programming of U3 by checking the dc voltages at pins 1 thru 7. Pins 1 thru 3 should always be approximately 3. 27 Vdc. Vo
State Variable Oscillator
The major functional blocks necessary to design a general purpose audio oscillator, and give all the details of my current prototype. Implementation is in the mode of an analog computer, since the desired outputs are sine and cosine values as a function of time. The following snapshot shows my prototype connected to an X-Y oscilloscope, to...
A tone generator that runs on as little as 1. 5 Vdc, using the Sallen-Key configuration. And finally, I`ll apply the tone generator to implement a phantom powered signal source for testing balanced microphone inputs. Textbooks and web pages usually show the Wien Bridge configuration when describing single-opamp audio oscillators. The Wien Bridge...
Clock Oscillator BasicCircuit from Sirius microSystem
The following file contains detail info about design of Clock Oscillator Basic Circuit Diagram. Included in this file information about: selecting the..
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Resonant Frequency of a Colpitts Oscillator
This result puts the oscillator in the middle of the UK FM Band (87. 5 - 108 MHz). If L1 has an adjustable ferrite core then its inductance can be altered and fine tuning acheived. If L1 is an air spaced coil then fine tuning is achieved by physically squeezing or separating the turns.
A Low-Frequency Crystal Controlled Oscillator
The RF engineer sometimes has to look for an instrument that will check a low frequency quartz crystal unit reliably and rapidly. This is a difficult piece of equipment to find and the engineer often has to consult an electronic circuits handbook for the schematic of a circuit that will perform the task. Unfortunately, there aren`t many such circu
Tesla Technology Multi-Wave Oscillator
Single Span HF Test Oscillator
This compact RF oscillator covers the entire 0. 4 - 30 MHz range in a single sweep of the dial and has a terminated 50 ohm output of more than 300mV across the entire HF band. Most signal generators use a series of ranges to cover the HF band. This oscillator is a little different. It tunes the entire HF band from 400 kHz to above 30 MHz in a singl
Digital Sine Wave Oscillator
The schematic diagram shown in Figure 1 have the ability to synthesize a sinusoidal waveform with a frequency of 0. 01 Hz to 1 MHz. The clock signal feeds to the input of the binary counter IC1, this clock frequency is 32 times more than the output sinusoidal signal. The outputs Q0. Q3 of the counter IC1 are connected through the logic gates XOR...
The oscillator with electronic tuning of frequency
A schematic diagram of the oscillator is shown in Fig. 1. The common-base transistor stage (Q1) provides amplification of the signal in the positive feedback loop. The signal of the positive feedback develops across the resistor R1, this resistor is common to both the emitters of transistors Q1, Q2. The transistor Q2 configured as common collector
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial