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Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
The quartz crystal oscillator test circuit diagram
The FM modulation circuit of crystal oscillator
In the figure is the FM modulation circuit of crystal oscillator. FM modulation has direct and indirect FM ways, the direct FM method is to directly change the frequency of the oscillating circuit, it`s simple, but as it is the LC oscillating circuit, the bias is kind of noticeable, and the stability is weak, i.e the frequency is easy to be...
1MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit
The oscillator circuit which is composed of the 1MHz quartz crystal resonator and the NAND gate is as shown in the figure, the NAND gate 3 is the output buffer stage. This circuit can be used to calibrate the standard frequency. Figure 1 The 1MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit..
27MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit
The 27MHz quartz crystal oscillator circuit is as shown in figure 1. The biasing circuit is composed of the R1, R2 and R3, C6 is the bypass capacitor. The partial voltage circuit is composed of the C1, C2, C3 and C4 to control the strength of oscillation. L1 is the high-frequency choke coil, it has the role of filtering. Figure 1 The 27MHz...
1024KHz temperature compensation crystal oscillator circuit diagram
This circuit SJT is 1024kHz temperature compensation crystal oscillator. Circuit theoryis asshown. Because output signal level of the circuit is low, the buffer of follow-up transistor VTl is amplified. VTl base bias resistor R2, the load resistor R3, the emitter resistor R4 are the negative feedback resistors for stablizing VTl DC operating...
Crystal quartz crystal oscillator circuit using FET
Crystal oscillator works as 51MHz crystal( the third harmonic of 17MHz). According to the different structures, the drain - gate capacitance can be selected between 0.5 to 1.8 pF. L2`s turns are about 20% of the L1. 470 ? source resistor can change the oscillation characteristics..
PIERCE CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR
The JFET Pierce oscillator is stable and simple. It can be the clock of a microprocessor, a digital timepiece or a calculator. With a probe at the output, it can be used as a precise injection oscillator for troubleshooting. Attach a small length of wire at the output and this circuit becomes a micropower transmitter..
The crystal oscillator circuit with frequency in 2MHz
Figure (a) and (b) show the two 2MHZ basic oscillator circuits. According to the circuit structure, it can adjust its best operating point by testing..
VERY LOW POWER GATED CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR
The circuit gates the output of a continuously operating 32KHz crystal oscillator to the input of a C-MOS buffer when clock pulses are needed. The technique gets around the problem of a slow starting crystal oscillator by keeping the oscillator going and switching on a transistor power stage only as needed. The method keeps the standby power...
The Quartz crystal oscillator circuit
The oscillator that is composed of the quartz crystal can be divided into two kinds: the parallel resonant type crystal oscillator and the series resonant type crystal oscillator. The parallel resonant type crystal oscillator and the AC equivalent circuit of it are as shown in figure 1, if the quartz crystal is equivalent to the inductance LD,...
Colpitts Crystal Oscillator
We can create Crystal Colpitts oscillator using a parallel mode crystal and a transistor. The circuit shown by the following figure As an inductance, this..
JFET Pierce Crystal Oscillator
This is a simple JFET pierce crystal oscillator. We can use a wide frequency range of crystal using this circuit without circuit modification. Here is the..
Crystal oscillator, especially the low frequency one, can be easily implemented using op-amp as the amplifier. Here is the schematic diagram of such circuit:..
Cmos Pair 2-Mhz Crystal Oscillator
This is a 2 MHz crystal circuit using CMOS pair. This circuit is ideal for uses in digital watches and clock because this circuit has low power drain. The..
Crystal Oscillator with CMOS Inverter
This is an astable multivibrator (oscillator) circuit using CMOS inverter. This circuit uses CD4007 or MC14007. This circuit has operating frequency range of..
A low noise four phase crystal oscillator
A 10 MHz crystal is typically 4 ohms at its series resonance and 40 kiloohms at its parallell resonance. To get low sideband noise the power dissipated in the crystal has to be reasonably large, the design used here dissipates 0. 2mW in the crystal, 7mA and 30mV across the crystal. An oscillator can be seen as an amplifier which has feedback throug
The FV-1 Crystal Oscillator
The Fv-1 has internal circuitry to support an external crystal, preferably a 32768Hz watch crystal. These crystals are extremely inexpensive and widely available. Frequencies other than 32768Hz are available, but not as cheap and not as plentiful. If the system the FV-1 is integrated into has local clocks available, a logic level clock signal can
Crystal oscillators are those in which a specially-cut crystal controls the frequency. CRYSTAL-CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS are the standard means used for maintaining the frequency of radio transmitting stations within their assigned frequency limits. A crystal-controlled oscillator is usually used to produce an output which is highly stable and at a v
single-813 crystal oscillator transmitter
Here is the single- 813 crystal oscillator transmitter, designed by RCA and exhibited in their advertisement on the back page of a "QST" magazine in 1938, and published by RCA in their HamTips bulletin, vol. 1, no. 4, dated December 1938. This transmitter`s output is 150 watts of CW or 100 watts of plate-modulated AM telephony. It seems obvious
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
A Low-Frequency Crystal Controlled Oscillator
The RF engineer sometimes has to look for an instrument that will check a low frequency quartz crystal unit reliably and rapidly. This is a difficult piece of equipment to find and the engineer often has to consult an electronic circuits handbook for the schematic of a circuit that will perform the task. Unfortunately, there aren`t many such circu
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity