Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
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Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Linear transformer signal conditioner
A1 and its associated components furnish an amplitude stable sine wave source. All positive feedback path is a Wein bridge, tuned for 1.5 kHz, Ql, the LT1004 reference, and additional components in Al's negative loop unity-gain stabilize the amplifier. Al's output an amplitude stable sine wave, drives the LVDT. Cl detects zero crossings and...
Big loop oscillator
L1 is a loop of 10 to 20 turns of insulated wire with a diameter anywhere between 4" to 4'. Oscillator frequency (7 to 30 MHz) shifts substantially when a person comes near or into the loop. This oscillator together with a resonant detector might make a very good anti-personnel alarm.
Triangle-square wave oscillator
This circuit generates simultaneously, a triangle and a square waveform. It is self starting and has no latch up problems. IC1 is an integrator with a slew rate determined by CT and RT and IC2 is a Schmitt trigger. The output of IC1 ramps up and down between the hysteresis levels of the Schmitt, the output of which drives the integrator. By...
In this circuit, there are two feedback paths around an op-amp. One is positive dc feedback which forms a Schmitt trigger. The other is a CR timing network. Imagine that the output voltage is +10 V. The voltage at the noninverting terminal is +15 V. The voltage at the inverting terminal is a rising voltage with a time constant of CTRT. When this...
This very simple, low cost oscillator, is built with two CMOS buffer inverters, two capacitors and a variable resistance. The circuit can work with voltages ranging from 4 V up to 18 V. If Cl = C2, the frequency of oscillation.
Delayed pulse generator
The circuit offers independent control of initial delay and pulse rate. ICIc is connected as a pulse generator whose operation is inhibited by the normally low O/P of the ICla. When the circuit input goes low i.e., by pressing PB1, IClb O/P goes high and the circuit O/P goes low thus replicating the input. When the input is kept low capacitor Cl...
Voltage controlled ramp generator
The current source formed by Ql in conjunction with capacitor Cl set the duration time of the ramp. As the positive dc voltage at the gate is changed, the peak point firing voltage of the PUT is changed, which changes the duration time.
Audio sine-wave generator
U1A, an op amp, oscillates at the frequency at which the phase shift in the Wien bridge network is exactly zero degrees. Changing bridge component values changes the oscillator frequency. In this circuit, we need change only the two resistors to do this. S1A chooses a value among Rl through R6, and SIB similarly selects a value from R7 through...
Two 741 operational amplifiers are used for the active element in this Wien bridge oscillator. (The 1458 is the dual version of the 741.) Frequencies of the two oscillators were chosen to fit standard component values. Other frequencies between 500 and 2000 Hz can be employed. They should not be harmonically related.
Line frequency square-wave generator
With only three components and a buffer, a line frequency square wave having a 1:1 duty cycle may be derived from the power supply. During the alternate half-cycle, however, A is effectively clamped to - 0.7 V by Dl in the bridge which offsets the forward voltage across D2 giving an input to IC1 of approximately 0 V.
Three phase square-wave output generator
This circuit gives a 3 phase square-wave output for a variable speed motor drive. Operation is straightforward, the 4017 counter is synchronously reset after six clock inputs. The she outputs are combined to give the required waveforms. It is interesting to note that although NOR gates are shown, OR gates will give effectively the same result.
Varactor-tuned 10 mhz ceramic resonator oscillator
The FET input amplifier has fixed bias with source feedback. This provides a very high input impedance with very low capacitance. The FET amplifier drives an emitter follower which, in spite of the fact that it has a low output impedance, feeds a transformer with a 3:1 turns ratio for a nine-fold impedance reduction. The result is an impedance...
Pierce crystal oscillator
The JFET Pierce oscillator is stable and simple. It can be the clock of a microprocessor, a digital timepiece or a calculator. With a probe at the output, it can be used as a precise injection oscillator for troubleshooting.
IC-compatible crystal oscillator
Resistors Rl and R2 temperature-stabilize the NAND gates; they also ensure that the gates are in a linear region for starting. Capacitor CI is a dc block; it must have less than Vw ohm impedance at the operating frequency. The crystal runs in a series-resonant mode. Its series resistance must be low; AT-cut crystals for the 1- to 10-MHz range...
High frequency signal generator
A tapped-coil Colpitis oscillator is used at Ql to provide four tuning ranges from 1.7 to 3.131Hz, 3.0 to 5.6 MHz, 5.0 to 12 MHz and 11.5 to 31 MHz. A Zener diode (D2) is used at Ql to lower the operating voltage of the oscillator. A small value capacitor is used at C5 to ensure light coupling to the tuned circuit. Q2 is a source-follower buffer...
The linear charging ramp is most useful where linear control of voltage is required. Some possible applications are a long period voltage controlled timer, a voltage to pulse width converter, or a linear pulse width modulator. Ql is the current source transistor, supplying constant current to the timing capacitor Ct. When the timer is triggered,...
Waveform generator II
The circuit uses a CA3060 triple OTA (two units serve as switched current generators controlled by a third amplifier). A CA3160 BiMOS op amp serves as a voltage follower to buffer the 0.0022 ÂµÂ¥ integrating capacitor. The circuit has an adjustment range of 1,000,000:1 and a timing range of 20 Âµ& to 20 sec. The "ON-OFF" switch actuates an LED...
An RF input is applied to the primary of Tl, which applies equal amplitude, opposite phase RF drive for output FETs Ql and Q2. With no AF modulation at points A and B, the opposite phase RF signals cancel each other and no output appears at the 50 V output connector. When AF modulation is applied to points A and B, a modulated RF output is...
Non-integer programmable pulse divider
In applications where the period of the input pulses is uneven and the divider is required to cover a wide range of frequencies, the non-integer programmable pulse divider shown can be used. The purpose of the D-type flip-flop (IC2) is to synchronize the input signal with the clock pulse. When the clock pulse changes from low to high and the...
Oscillator operates from one cell
The circuit is powered by a single 1.35 V mercury cell and provides a 1 V square-wave output. As shown, the crystal is a tuned circuit between transistors Ql and Q2, which are connected in the common-emitter configuration. Positive feedback provided by means of R permits oscillation.
450 800Hz signal generator circuit diagram
450/800Hz oscillation circuit shown in FIG oscillator is a transformer coupling. The frequency conversion is made different inductance is achieved by changing the oscillation t
7MHz high frequency carrier oscillator
2SA130 transistor shown oscillator, the oscillation frequency of 7 MHz, the power supply voltage is 6V, frequency-selective resonant circuit load 600 Q.
Double astable multivibrator circuit diagram
As shown, the circuit consists of a dual time base circuit 556 consisting of two synchronized multivibrator, two output clock
The equivalent circuit and a local oscillator
The local oscillator at 1GHz or more to use more common collector circuit, it is not easy to produce low-frequency self-oscillation.
1kHz square wave signal source circuit
1kHz square wave signal source circuit Illustrated is a use CD4060 composed of standard square wave signal source circuit. CD4060 ? foot, foot crystal rr external and compensat
1kHz RC phase shift oscillator circuit
1kHz RC phase shift oscillator circuit
1kHz square wave signal generator
1kHz square wave signal generator As shown by the time base circuit NE555 plus the time constant circuit (47 kfl O.Q15 UF) composed of] hair kHz square wave signal generator.
Low phase noise voltage controlled oscillator circuit
Low phase noise voltage controlled oscillator circuit a It shows a typical low phase noise voltage controlled oscillator circuit, which
Crystal oscillator DTL integrated circuit
By a crystal oscillator b DTL integrated circuit constituted DTL is shown by the crystal oscillator integrated circuits, and the oscillation frequency
555 monostable trigger timing circuit
Introduction to circuit schematic of the circuit shown in Figure 3-3. Here the 555 connected as a one-shot form, usually in a normally open push button switch
Low power monostable circuit diagram
555 Timer enables low-loss single-shot circuit and CMOS4011B NAND gate circuit interface. Standby power consumption of less than 50 A. When the one-shot circuit is turned on, t
Using two operator triangular wave oscillator circuit
Using two operator triangular wave oscillator A practical application of the relaxation oscillator using a voltage comparator to perform the switching function, FIG. 2 is the use of composition operator triangular wave oscillator.
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
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