Rounding Off a square wave

Posted on Sep 8, 2012

To `round` your square wave, you need to integrate it twice; once to produce a triangular wave, and a second time to produce a parabolic waveform. (A parabolic wave looks pretty much sinusoidal.) You can do this passively using a simple network such as the one shown below. Let R2 = 10*R1, and let R1*C1 = R2*C2 = 1/f, where 'f' is the frequency of the applied square wave. It's important that R2 be much (at least a factor of 5 or so) smaller than the input impedance of the amplifier; likewise, R1 should be a good bit larger than the microcontroller's output impedance.

Rounding Off a square wave
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

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