Transistor Turns Op Amp On Or Off

Posted on Sep 30, 2012

When transistor Q1 is switched off, the circuit behaves as a voltage follower. By applying a positive vol

Transistor Turns Op Amp On Or Off
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tage to the emitter of Q1 via a 10 KOhmhm resistor, the transistor is made to turn on and go into saturation. Thus, the lower end of R4 is connected to ground. The circuit has not changed into that of a differential amplifier, except that the voltage difference is always 0 V. As long as the resistor ratios in the two branches around the op amp are in the same ratio, the output should be zero. A 47-KOhm resistor is used to null out any ratio errors so that the off attenuation is more than 60 dB. The high common-mode rejection ratio of a 741 enables this large attenuation to be obtained.

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