Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
On/Off Touch Switch
This circuit uses a CA3240 dual BiMOS op amp to sense small currents flowing between the contact points on a touch plat
Time-On Touch Switch
The circuit is built around a 555 oscillator (Ul), which is turned on when a trigger is applied by touching the touch
Resettable Shutdown circuits
If your circuits experience frequency overvoltage conditions, continually replacing blown fuses can get pretty expensive. However, this shutdown circuit overcomes that deficiency by replacing the fuse with a relay and a low-current SCR. When the input voltage rises above the threshold set by the Zener diode (Dl), a current of sufficient...
Whistle Switch Circuit
At the heart of the whistle swatch are a pair of tone detectors, each of which is built around an LM567 tone decoder, which are supported by a minimum of additional components. This whistle switch is designed to respond to only two or more occurrences of a specific tone, or sequence of tones, within a specified period to prevent false...
Audio Controlled Mains Switch Circuit
This circuit will switch off the line supply to audio or video equipment if there has been no input signal for about 2 seconds. SI provides manual operation and S2 acts as a reset. This circuit allows for time to change a tape or compact disc.
8 Channel Audio Switcher Circuit
This source is selected by pressing momentary-contact pushbutton switch SI. Switch SI is connected to the trigger of a 555 oscillator/timer (Ul) configured as a monostable multivibrator, wliich generates one short output pulse for each press of SI. That pulse turns on LED1 to give a visible indication that the 555 is working correctly. That...
Load Disconnect Switch Circuit
Deep discharge can damage a rechargeable battery. By disconnecting the battery from its load, this circuit halts battery discharge at a predetermined level of declining terminal voltage. Transistor Ql acts as the switch.
Window Comparator Circuit
ICl-c functions as a noninverting comparator, and ICl-a operates as an inverting comparator. Potentiometer Rl and fixed resistors R2 and R3 form a divider chain that delivers slightly different voltages to the two comparators. These voltages define the upper and lower limits of the circuit`s switching window, which can be changed easily by...
High frequency analog switch
Commutator circuit provides low impedance gate drive to the PN4091 analog switch for both on and off drive conditions
(N + 1) Wires Connect N Hall-Effect Switches
Hall-effect switches have several advantages over mechanically and optically coupled switches.
12V Auto-Powered Circuit For Cassette Recorders
A regulator allows you to power a 7.5-V cassette recorder or other device from a 12-Vdc au
Four-Input Minimum Maximum Selector Circuit
This circuit outputs the maximum (or the minimum) of the four input voltages Vv V2, V3, and V4. Each of these input voltages is in the range 0 to 5 V. The output of the unit is the maximum of Vv V2, V3, and V4 if the control voltage input is 5 V (i.e., logical 1). The output is the minimum of Vv V2, V3, and V4 if the control input is zero. By...
Frequency comparator II
The circuit provides unambiguous LED + or - bar readout with steps of 0.1%. The reference frequency is multiplied by the PLLIC1 and divider IC9 to output 64 ? F (ref) and this is then gated by dividing F (measure) by 32 in IC8 thus is F (ref) = (measure) then IC2 counts 1024 pulses. Should the count be more than 1031 than the latch IC4c/IC4a is...
Twilight switch circuit
As dusk begins to -fall, the sensor (a cadmium-sulfide light-dependent resistor or LDR) operates a small horn to provide an audible reminder that it's time to turn on your lights. To turn the circuit offâ€”simply turn your headlights on and the noise stops. The base of Ql is fed through a voltage divider formed by R4, LDR1â€”a light-dependent...
Synchronous switching is turning on only at the instant the ac supply voltage passes through zero, and turning off only when current passes through zero. This circuit provides this function in response to either a mechanical switch or a variable resistance such as a cadmium-sulfide photocell. This circuit produces the minimum disturbance to the...
This type of reset pulse is ideally provided by this circuit. Because of the high input impedance of the Schmitt trigger, long reset pulse times may be achieved without the excess dissipation that results when both output devices are on simultaneously, as in an ordinary gate device (B).
Isolation and zero voltage switching logic
These two simple circuits provide zero voltage switching. They can be used with full wave bridges or in antiparallel to provide full wave control and are normally used to trigger power thyristors. If an input signal is present during the time the ac voltage is between 0 to 7 V, the SCR will turn on.
Comparator for over-voltages
To maintain an alarm condition when an overvoltage transient disappears, add an SCR to the comparator circuits. For SCR operation, voltages to the comparator inputs are inverted. (B) The triple-voltage monitoring circuit detects transient power-supply over-voltages.
Hi-Low level comparator
The voltage to be compared is fed through diode Dl and D2 to the voltage dividers Rl and R5 where the low and high limits are present. When the voltage level of an input signal exceeds the high threshold limit set with potentiometer Rl, the diode Dl becomes forward biased and the increased voltage on the inputs of the op amp drives it into...
dual-trace scope switch
The switcher output goes to the single vertical input of the scope, and a sync line from one of the inputs is taken to the scope's external-sync input. Frequency response of the input amplifiers is 300 kHz over the range of the gain controls.
Simple light-switch circuit
The circuit is a light switch who triggers when light drops on photo resistor. It is fairly simple in construction and can be used in a million applications. The photoresistor and the trimmer work as a voltage divider and also polarize the transistor TR1. TR1 triggers TR2 and TR2 drives the relay. Trimmer R7 is for adjusting the sensitivity of...
Door touch switch circuit (CD4069) schematic
CMOS gate has a high input impedance, resistance by human contact, you can make it the input level is changed, triggering gates toggled.
Touch Switch with MPF102 JFET
When the touch plate is contacted by a large object (human body, etc.), stray 60-?? pickup is rectified by D1 and D2, and produces a negative voltage across R2-C2 and the gate of Q 1. Q1 cuts off, causes Q2 to conduct, and the output goes low.
Integrated static switch circuit diagram of the flip-flop TDA1024
Circuit switch S is closed after the integrated circuit TDA1024 trigger is turned on. Whenever the zero crossing of the mains
AC line circuit diagram of photoelectric switch
As shown in the circuit to light when the intensity 700lx above action, this time through the
A circuit diagram of a high-speed switch constituted triggered rising MIC5158
MIC5158 constitute the rising edge of the high-speed switching circuit diagram.
A touch switch circuit
A. B, C for big power split phase I, A + B'C 'Rang generator phase line, A-A' indole path string has a 2H220V / 15W bulbs, bulbs recovery as both macro instructions J Sweet World as Well buck's electric brake sheet J. W Lamp wooden pole end that
Using AC power without power transistor switching circuit a
AC-DC power supply without power switching circuit normally used for lighting load circuit, once the power grid or power is restored, the standby power supply automatic switchi
Cutting good performance signal switching circuit
Analog switches sl and sa disconnect, Ctz the inverted logic signal to terminal 2 s! And 84 is turned on, so that prisoners capacitance between S1 and S 8 and coupling will be
Capacitive switch circuit diagram
As illustrated, the switch circuit by capacitive oscillator, the integration network, and a comparator circuit relay control circuit. When the body close to the induction metal
Leakage protection switch circuit diagram
As shown Multifunction leakage protection switch utilizing Nissan ASIC M54122L, it can be composed of multi-function leakage protection switch, when the leakage and electric sh
Switching the constant current source consisting of the application circuit W723
As shown in FIG Multiport W723 is being integrated adjustable constant current regulator composition application switching regulator circuit, the output current of 1A. Illustra
555 Timer Circuits
RC Model Toy Circuits
H Bridge Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial