Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Barrier Detector
This simple circuit using a single transistor turns ON the relay when light falls on the LDR. The potentiometer is adjusted for the required sensitivity. The power supply is 6V. Be careful about the impedance of the relay. Its impedance should not be less that 60ohm. Its working can be explained as follows: With the light falling on the...
Touch Switches Collection
Touch operated switches are an attractive project for DIY electronics but they are not so common in commercial products. The reason for this is that, although there are many different ways of implementing a touch switch (leakage, hum pickup, capacitance, albedo) all of them rely on body parameters which vary a lot with the person's body, age and...
Auto poweroff for power supplies circuit
Probably the easiest way of doing automatic switch off is with relay logic. In the diagram, the box marked RL1 is the coil, the 2 in the coil box tells you there are two sets of contacts somewhere on the circuit, operated by this coil. In this simple circuit, it's easy to see them!Sw1 is a momentary push switch. When it's pushed (contacts...
Data Switch with LED
Just to prove that transistors can also be useful in logic situations; this is a data latch and indicator which also is a data switch and has a bidirectional input/output port which can be read or switched. If the second transistor is off, a small currrent will flow via the LED, 12K and 220K to make Tr1 conduct, keeping Tr2 off. At the same...
Load detector Mains Switch
This circuit will automatically switch on several mains-powered "slave" loads when a "master" load is turned on. For example, it will switch on the amplifier and CD player in a stereo system when the receiver is turned on. It works by sensing the current draw of the "master" device through a low value high wattage resistor using a comparator....
Moisture detector with pump controller
This moisture detector with pump controller is built around the special purpose LM1830 IC. The LM1830 is designed to detect moisture by passing an AC current through a set of probes. An internal comparator compares the resistance of the probes to an internal reference. When the resistance between the probes is low (indicating the presence of...
Audio Detector switch
The following circuit can be used to detect those annoying piezo whistles that one can get from Radio Shack. For the Trinity Home Fire Fighting Contest, additional points accrue when the robot is started by a sound similar to a fire alarm. The actual whistle is specified as a particular Radio Shack piezo element, but the following circuit...
Touch switching 12V Light
The circuit on the right uses three bipolar transistors to accomplish the same result with the touch contact referenced to the negative or ground end of the supply. Since the base of a bipolar transistor draws current and the current gain is usually less than 200, three transistors are needed to raise the microamp current level through the touch...
CMOS Toggle Flip Flop Switch
The circuit below uses a CMOS dual D flip flop (CD4013) to toggle a relay or other load with a momentary push button. Several push buttons can be wired in parallel to control the relay from multiple locations. A high level from the push button is coupled to the set line through a small (0.1uF) capacitor. The high level from the Q output is...
IR 4 channels remote control with PIC12F629
The circuit above illustrates using the IR receiver module along with a PIC12F629 microcontroller to decode 5 individual IR remote control keys so the circuit will only toggle one of the 4 outputs when a particular key is pressed. The 5th key is assigned to the master clear function that toggles off the 4 outputs. Works with most...
Logic level relay controller
The schematic below illustrates 4 methods of controlling a relay with a digital logic signal. Figure (A) can probably be used in most cases where the relay coil requires 100 mA or less and the input current is 2 milliamps or more. The resistor value (R) is determined from the input voltage and the available current. For example, a 5 volt input...
Monostable to bistable relay with momentary switch
This circuit could be used to drive a monostable relay by a singol momentary switch. Powered by 24 Volts it works for a 12 Volts relay. When the button is pressed Q1 is energized and the capacitor charges, while the relay coil is shorted. Once the button is released the relay turns on. Note that Q1 is powered by the capacitor until the relay...
Toggle on off switch
This circuit toggles on and off a NE555 with a single momentary switch. Unlike a mechanical bistable relay the circuit backs to the start condition if you switch off the power supply. No relay contact is used.
Automatic light activated switch circuit
The circuit can be used for switching OFF a particular lamp or group of lamps in response to the varying ambient light levels. The unit once built can be used for switching OFF a lamp when dawn breaks and switching it ON when dusk sets in. The power supply is a standard transformer, bridge, capacitor network, which supplies a clean DC to the circui
Wiring diagram for 3 way switch
FET Audio Mixer and Switch
Light/Dark Switch With Relay
The circuit as shown act as a light detector. Under normal conditions the resistance of the LDR is high, keeping pin 2 low. When light falls onto the LDR the resistance drops to a couple hundred ohms and triggers pin 2 high which biases the base of Q1 via pin 6 and R4 and in turn activates the relay. Light/Dark switch Circuit with relayAs.
BC337 Light Relay Switch By BC547 &
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Touch Switch Circuit with explnation
This electronic circuit uses a 555 timer as the bases of the touch switch. You can learn more about 555 timers in the Learning section on my site. When the plate is touched the 555 timer is triggered and the output on pin 3 goes high turning on the LED and the buzzer for a certain period of time. The time that the LED and the buzzer is on is based
On Off Touch Switch Circuit with Photo Transistor using 40106B
LED (IR LED1) and the phototransistor (T1) and wireless light switch
The wireless light switch circuit described here requires no physical contact for operating the appliance. You just need to move your hand between the infrared LED (IR LED1) and the phototransistor (T1). The infrared rays transmitted by IR LED1 is detected by the phototransistor to activate the hidden lock, flush system, hand dryer or else. This w
Low Cost Capacitive Touch Switch II circuit schematic with explanation
In my previous post of capacitive touch switch, it gives the o/p as long as you touch it. Means it was only drive the load when you touch it, and when you remove your hand/finger then it was not able to drive the load. Tough that touch switch circuit can be used in various apps but does not meet my requirements. So by changing the circuit a little
Remote Controlled Appliance Switch Circuit
Here is the circuit diagram of remote controlled appliance switch circuit. The main parts of this circuit are IC1 (NE 555), IC2 (CD 4017).
Arduino multi-mode lamp with soft touch switch
In this Arduino-based project, we will build a lamp with multiple light displays: color sequencer, dimming light, color chaser, firelight all selected by a touch bar on the circuit board. We will be going the minimalist way for this project, filling the board with just a microchip, the LEDs, a handful of resistors and some capacitors, all for
Pulse Lighting/Strobbing with Arduino(using DIP switch LCD and transistor)
Magnetic Proximity Switch Circuit
Welcome to the weblog where we discuss about electronic circuits schematics, PCB design, diy kits and electronic projects diagrams. Here is the circuit diagram of a magnetic proximity switch that finds a lot of applications in abounding fields. The ambit is based on a alluring reed switch(S1) as the adjacency sensor. A monostable multivibrator bas
FOOT SWITCH WIRING DIAGRAM
A Slug-Controlled Power Switch
This page describes the hardware and software design of a printer power switch controlled over USB from my Linksys NSLU2, aka Slug. The unit can, however, be controlled from any Linux box, and can switch anything, not just printers. My NSLU2 acts mostly as a file and print server. I can go for weeks without printing anything, so I want to keep th
Video Switch for Intercom System
Nowadays a lot of intercom units are equipped with video cameras so that you can see as well as hear who is at the door. Unfortunately, the camera lens is perfectly placed to serve as a sort of support point for people during the conversation, with the result that there`s hardly anything left see in the video imagery. One way to solve this problem
DTL-TTL Controlled Buffered Analog Switch
This analog switch uses the 2N4860 JFET for its 25 ohm rON and low leakage. The LM102 serves as a voltage buffer. This circuit can be adapted to a dual trace oscilloscope chopper. The DM7800 monolithic IC provides adequate switch drive controlled DTL-TTL logic levels. Here is a schematic drawing:
220V Touch Switch
Here the 220V AC lamp touch dimmer circuit. By only touching this touch dimmer you are able to increase the light intensity of incandescent lamps in three stages. The touch dimmer is designed all around 8-pin CMOS IC TT8486A/TT6061A especially produced for touch dimmer applications. In the beginning, when mains switch is "on", the lamp. Turn on a
Ultrasonic Sensor Switch
This is a ultrasonic motion detector (or movement detector) circuit. The circuit claimed has a high movement sensitivity. Even air moving (hot air rising, wind blowing) will trigger it when the trimpot is set near the most sensitive position. The transmitter sends out a steady ultrasonic tone at 40kHz. At this frequency the wavelength is. This is
555 Timer Circuits
RC Model Toy Circuits
H Bridge Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial