Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
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Human Sensing Circuits
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Optical Sensing Circuits
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AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
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Data Bus Circuits
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Current to Voltage
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RF Converter Circuits
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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
A Center tap 50Hz Step Down Transformer with two diodes is used to get a train of Positive Sine Pulses at 100Hz which is applied to Q6 base via R51. 2N2646 is a unijunction transistor(UJT) in a TO-18 metal package. The control voltage or voltage proportional to error is fed to R56-Q3, The UJT drives a pulse transformer which provides isolation fro
Triac Tutorial about its Construction and Operation
SCRs are unidirectional (one-way) current devices, making them useful for controlling DC only. If two SCRs are joined in back-to-back parallel fashion ..
Optimizing the Triacs
Modern power control systems utilize electronic devices like Thyristors for power switching, phase control, chopper etc. These devices also find applicatio..
AC Motor Speed Controller Circuit
This triac-based 220V AC motor speed controller circuit is designed for controlling the speed of small household motors like drill machines. The speed of the motor can be controlled by changing the setting of P1. The setting of P1 determines the phase of the trigger pulse that fires the triac. The circuit incorporates a self-stabilizing technique
Flashing Light with Triacs
This flashing light circuit uses triacs to generate an intermittent light with variable frequency. Additional components are the D1 diode and semi adjustab..
Time Delay Switch with Triac
This time delay switch circuit is useful to switch on an AC load such as lamps after the delay of three minutes. This protects the load from inrush current and transients at power on which may be detrimental to the device. The time delay switch is directly connected to the AC lines to derive power to the components. Resistor R1 drops AC voltage an
Light Sensitive Staircase Switch with Triac
Light Sensitive Staircase Switch with Triac , Operation of the third circuit is much similar except that it has photo sensitivity. The circuit is shown in Schematic When there is no sufficient l..
TRIAC Light Dimmer Circuit
This little circuit can be used to dim lights up to about 350 watts. It uses a simple, standard TRIAC circuit that, in my expirience, generates very little heat. Please note that this circuit cannot be used with fluorescent lights.
Small Triac Switch
In order to switch some floodlights by my Arduino, the small switch circuits I built around a 39mf22 were just not man enough to handle the current ne..
ac switch control with opto triac
Ac Switch Triggering Circuit Using An Optical Triac
Want To Dim Your LEDs with a TRIAC Dimmer?
LEDs simply react a lot faster than conventional bulbs Light dimmers for common bulb based lighting have been around for ages. The most common implementation of such..
Triac light driver
Controlling room lighting using computer. I bought some triacs and opto couplers to do this. I drew the schematic and built a prototype. Everything worked well. We cannot see it on the pictures, but there is a cable going out of the box that plugs in the PC parallel port. The small grey box on the leftmost picture contains a 7805 and a 76ls06 to...
Triac gas - smoke alarm circuit schematic
In the event of combustible gas, the conductance of TGS308 gas sensor increases, and the voltage is removed through the potentiometer RP1 slide point, and its value is increased from normal 3V rms to 20V. This elevated voltage is added to transistor VT1 through diode and 4.7k? resistor, so that VT1 gets conduction, then Triacs 2N6070A gets...
TRIAC dimmer light circuit with dual time constant
In order to solve the lag and light transition phenomena, it can use the Triac dimming light circuit shown in the figure with dual time constant. The circuit increases R3, C2 resistor-capacitor network, and the reducing charge on capacitor C1 can get promptly complement through C2, R2, R3 circuit, it can effectively reduce the lag and lighting...
Solid State Triac Relay Schematic
This solid state relay circuit uses 120 volts household mains and should only be attempted by someone that has the knowledge and skills to safely construct such a project. Otherwise personal injury and or property damage could result.
The TRIAC is a three-terminal device similar in construction and operation to the SCR. The TRIAC controls and conducts current flow during both alternations of an ac cycle, instead of only one. The schematic symbols for the SCR and the TRIAC are compared in figure 3-23. Both the SCR and the TRIAC have a gate lead. However, in the TRIAC the lead on
Triac temperature sensitive heater control
Triac temperature-sensitive heater control. This circuit can be modified as shown to control a motor with a constant load. As shown the circuit is for heating applications but can be used for cooling by interchanging RT and R2 (courtesy Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc. ).
Low cost light dimmer using an SBS and triac
Low-cost light dimmer using an SBS and triac. Shunting the SBS with two 20K resistors minimizes the flash-on effect, courtesy Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc.
800 watt soft start triac light dimmer
800 watt triac light dimmer with silicon bilateral switch SBS
Solid state relay circuit with MOC3011 triac driver
Solid-state relay circuit with input protection of the MOC3011 triac driver. The input voltage to the protection circuit can be 3 to 30 volts DC (courtesy Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc. ).
Simple full wave power control circuit using a triac
TRIAC DIAC REVERSING SERVO CONTROL
Varies speed and direction of 5-amp reversible series ac motor in accordance with d-c control signal. Polarity of control signal determines direction of rotation. Gain potentiometer adjusts slope of speed versus control voltage curve. -M. P. Southworth, Bidirectional Static Switch Simplifies Ac Control, Control Engineering, March 1964, p 75-76.
TRIAC LAMP DIMMER
Using a heatsink, the TRIAC (TR1) can handle up to 350 watts. The neon lamp, I1, won`t trip the gate until after it conducts and using R1, set the lighting wherever you want it.
TRIAC LAMP DIMMER
Dimmer circuit Triac TIC 226
555 Timer Circuits
RC Model Toy Circuits
H Bridge Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial