High Voltage Power Supply for Valve Preamplifiers
The theoretical part of the circuit is shown in Figure 1. As you can see, the alternating voltage is rectified with 4 diodes 1N5408 which resist 1000V and 3A. Then a relay is activated which is activated after about 1 minute. The delay timer consists of a complete CD4060 which, in addition to the internal oscillator that it contains, is also a voltage divider in which its outputs become 'High' when the desired time has elapsed. After the time has elapsed, the integrated stops its oscillation and remains in the state at the end of time due to the presence of a positive voltage on the oscillator through the passage used for that purpose. The reason for the delay is readily perceived, and this provides enough time to heat the lamp filaments and be ready for operation. A 50 μF capacitive load consisting of two 100μF / 250V capacitors connected in series is then inserted. The capacitors advance a 1.5K resistor in series to reduce the high voltage but also form a filter with the capacitor to suppress noise and smooth out the voltage. The voltage stabilization assumes a special integrated high voltage, the TL783, which withstand 0.5 A and in which the voltage difference between input and output should not exceed 120V. The 3 zeners and the diode connecting the output to the input of the integrated purpose have this to protect against reverse voltages and overvoltage. The output voltage depends on the values of the resistances connecting the end of the integrated output to its output and the ground. Resistors and capacitors are then introduced to form RC disconnection circuits. At the ends of the capacitors and resistors we have the desirable tendencies. On the same board is a circuit that consists of an LM317 and its composite materials that provide us with a constant voltage of 12 V for the preamplifier lamp filaments.
The construction is done on the board provided for this purpose. All materials are placed on it carefully with respect to the polarity of the diodes, capacitors, integrated, etc. Pins are stuck at the ends of the exits. After completing the construction, feed it with the appropriate voltage. After about one minute, the relay armed and we have the high tendencies we want. With the trimer, we set the voltage to 12 V for a constant voltage of 12 V for the feeding of the yarns.
C4: 47μF 500V
C5: 220μF 400V
C6: 47μF 350V
D3: 4 x 1n5408
D4: 50V 1A
K1: Relay SPST
R11: 1ΚΩ 5W
R15: 4,7ΚΩ 1W
WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU ARE especially carefull when you test the construction, because the voltages are high and deadly